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References - I

This page lists references with citation tags that begin with the letter I. For other references and a documentation on how these references are cited, see the main references page. You can also click on these direct links to the various pages:

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References - I

[IACB 1935] Indian Arts and Crafts Board. Indian Arts and Crafts Act of 1935 — United States Code Title 18, Sections 1158-1159 (18 U.S.C. 1158-59) and United States Code Title 25, Parts 305-309, Approved August 27, 1935. 74th Congress, Publication Number 355 [S. 2203]. Indian Arts and Crafts Act of 1935 Search Google Scholar Flutopedia format citation APA format citation Chicago format citation MLA format citation Wikipedia format citation

One citation: Native American Flute - Honoring the Tradition

Abstract: To promote the development of Indian arts and crafts and to create a board to assist therein, and for other purposes.Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That a board is hereby created in the Department of the Interior to be known as "Indian Arts and Crafts Board", and hereinafter referred to as the Board. The Board shall be composed of five commissioners, who shall be appointed by the Secretary of the Interior as soon as possible after passage of this Act and shall continue in office, two for a term of two years, one for a term of three years, and two for a term of four years from the date of their appointment; the term of each to be designated by the Secretary of the Interior, but their successors shall be appointed for a term of four years except that any person chosen to fill a vacancy shall be appointed for the unexpired term of the commissioner he succeeds. Both public officers and private citizens shall be eligible for membership on the Board. The Board shall elect one of the commissioners as chairman. One or two vacancies on the Board shall not impair the right of the remaining commissioners to exercise all the powers of the Board.

The commissioners shall serve without compensation: Provided, That each Commissioner shall be reimbursed for all actual expenses, including travel expenses, subsistence, and office overhead, which the Board shall certify to have been incurred as properly incidental to the performance of his duties as a member of the Board.

[IACB 1990] Indian Arts and Crafts Board. Indian Arts and Crafts Act of 1990, 1990. Indian Arts and Crafts Act of 1990 Search Google Scholar Flutopedia format citation APA format citation Chicago format citation MLA format citation Wikipedia format citation

One citation: Native American Flute - Honoring the Tradition

Abstract: Begun and held at the City of Washington on Tuesday, the twenty-third day of January, one thousand nine hundred and ninety An Act To expand the powers of the Indian Arts and Crafts Board, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,.

[IACB 1996] Indian Arts and Crafts Board. Protection for Products of Indian Art and Craftsmanship — Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 25, Part 309, RIN 1090-AA45, Final Rule, Federal Register, Volume 61, Number 204, published by the Federal Register Online, Published October 21, 1996, pages 54551–54556. Dated October 15, 1996. Federal Register DOCID:fr21oc96-8. Protection for Products of Indian Art and Craftsmanship Search Google Scholar Flutopedia format citation APA format citation Chicago format citation MLA format citation Wikipedia format citation

One citation: Native American Flute - Honoring the Tradition

Abstract: This rule adopts regulations to carry out Public Law 101-644, the Indian Arts and Crafts Act of 1990. The regulations define the nature and Indian origin of products that the law covers and specify procedures for carrying out the law. The trademark provisions of the Act are not included in this rulemaking and will be treated at a later time.

[Idafabera 1996] Chek Idafabera (primary artist); Claire Levasseur (editing); Toupouri (performer, primary artist); Nathalie Fernando and Fabrice Marandola (liner notes). Cameroun: Flûtes des Monts Mandara «Cameroon: Flutes of Mandara Mountains», France, Ocora Records, 560110, 19 tracks, 1996, total time 63:24. Search Google Scholar Flutopedia format citation APA format citation Chicago format citation MLA format citation Wikipedia format citation

Nineteen citations: Ethnographic Flute Recordings of Africa (19)

[Ilari 2009] Beatriz Ilari and Megha Sundara. “Music Listening Preferences in Early Life: Infants' Responses to Accompanied versus Unaccompanied Singing”, Journal of Research in Music Education, Volume 56, Number 4, January 2009, pages 357–369, doi:10.1177/0022429408329107. Publication 40204939 on JSTOR (subscription access). Search Google Scholar Flutopedia format citation APA format citation Chicago format citation MLA format citation Wikipedia format citation

Abstract: This study investigated infant listening preferences for two versions of an unfamiliar Chinese children's song: unaccompanied (i.e., voice only) and accompanied (i.e., voice and instrumental accompaniment). Three groups of 5-, 8- and 11-month-old infants were tested using the Headturn Preference Procedure. A general linear model analysis of variance was carried out with gender and age as the between-subjects variables and listening time to the two renditions (unaccompanied, accompanied) as the within-subjects variable. Results indicated a clear preference for the unaccompanied version of the song in all age groups.

[Ilger 1995] Wayne Ilger, Marian Hyman, John Southon, and Marvin Rowe. “Dating Pictographs with Radiocarbon”, Proceedings of the 15th International 14C Conference, Radiocarbon, Volume 37, Number 2, 1995, pages 299–310. Search Google Scholar Flutopedia format citation APA format citation Chicago format citation MLA format citation Wikipedia format citation

Abstract: We report here progress on our technique for 14C dating pictographs. We use low-temperature coupled with oxygen plasmas high-vacuum techniques to selectively remove carbon-containing material in the paints without contamination from rock substrates or accretions. We dated > 16 pictograph samples that generally agree with ages expected on the basis of archaeological inference. We have shown that carbonate and calcium oxalate decomposition does not occur during our pro- cedure; little mass fractionation is produced. We also used the technique on samples of known 14C activity. In each case our results agree with previously determined ages of archaeological charcoal samples. Two samples of the standard Third Inter- national Radiocarbon Intercomparison wood yielded ages in near accord with the accepted value. We used 14C-free samples to establish that the method and apparatus do not have a significant live carbon background. Each of these determinations sup- ports our conclusion that the technique has the potential of producing accurate and reliable ages. However, background organic material in the basal rocks and accretions can be troublesome, often completely negating the dates obtained.

[Imholtz 1995] August Imholtz (editor). A Microfilm Guide to The Native Americans Reference Collection — Documents Collected by the Office of Indian Affairs, Part 1: 1840-1900, produced by University Publications of America, Bethesda, Maryland, 1995, 232 pages, ISBN 1-55655-408-7 Search Google Scholar Flutopedia format citation APA format citation Chicago format citation MLA format citation Wikipedia format citation

[Imholtz 2000] August Imholtz (editor). A Microfilm Guide to The Native Americans Reference Collection — Documents Collected by the Office of Indian Affairs, Part 2: 1901–-1948, produced by University Publications of America, Bethesda, Maryland, 2000, 263 pages, ISBN 1-55655-409-5 Search Google Scholar Flutopedia format citation APA format citation Chicago format citation MLA format citation Wikipedia format citation

[INAFA 2002] INAFA. INAFA Songbook, Volume 1 (song book), 2002, 51 pages, comb binding. Search Google Scholar Flutopedia format citation APA format citation Chicago format citation MLA format citation Wikipedia format citation

[Indiana 1975] Indiana University. A Catalog of Phonorecordings of Music and Oral Data Held by the Archives of Traditional Music, published by G. K. Hall, Boston, Massachusetts, 1975, 541 pages, ISBN 0-8161-1120-0 Search Google Scholar Flutopedia format citation APA format citation Chicago format citation MLA format citation Wikipedia format citation

One citation: A Brief History of the Native American Flute

[Ingrams 2000] D. R. Ingrams, D. J. McFerran, and J. M. Graham. “Velopharyngeal Incompetence in Wind Players”, Musical Performance, Volume 2, Part 4, 2000, pages 105–112. Search Google Scholar Flutopedia format citation APA format citation Chicago format citation MLA format citation Wikipedia format citation

One citation: Breath Pressure in Ethnic Wind Instruments

[Inouye 2001] Shigeharu Inouye, Toshio Takizawa, and Hideyo Yamaguchi. “Antibacterial Activity of Essential Oils and their Major Constituents Against Respiratory Tract Pathogens by Gaseous Contact”, Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, Volume 47, 2001, pages 565–573. Search Google Scholar Flutopedia format citation APA format citation Chicago format citation MLA format citation Wikipedia format citation

Abstract: The antibacterial activity of 14 essential oils and their major constituents in the gaseous state was evaluated against Haemophilus influenzae, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Streptococcus pyogenes and Staphylococcus aureus. For most essential oils examined, H. influenzae was most susceptible, followed by S. pneumoniae and S. pyogenes, and then S. aureus. Penicillin-susceptible and -resistant S. pneumoniae were comparable in susceptibility. Escherichia coli, which was used as a control, showed least susceptibility. A minimal inhibitory dose (MID) was introduced as a measure of the vapour activity. Among 14 essential oils, cinnamon bark, lemongrass and thyme oils showed the lowest MID, followed by essential oils containing terpene alcohols as major constituents. The essential oils containing terpene ketone, ether and, in particular, hydrocarbon had high MIDs. The vapour activity on short exposure was comparable to that following overnight exposure, and rapid evaporation was more effective than slow evaporation of essential oils. The vapour concentration and absorption into agar of essential oils reached a maximum 1 or 2 h after rapid evaporation. These results indicate that the antibacterial action of essential oils was most effective when at high vapour concentration for a short time.

[Iriarte 2012] R. Iván Iriarte. Playing Modes on the Native American Flute, August 28, 2012, 46 pages. See the Iván Iriarte web site. Playing Modes on the Native American Flute Search Google Scholar Flutopedia format citation APA format citation Chicago format citation MLA format citation Wikipedia format citation

One citation: Scales for the Native American Flute

[Isernhagen 2009] Hartwig Isernhagen, Peter Bolz, Sonja Schierle, and the North America Native Museum Zürich (editors). Karl Bodmer — A Swiss Artist in America 1809-1893 «Ein Schweizer Künstler in Amerika», published by Scheidegger & Spiess, Zürich, Switzerland, in German and English, 2009, 207 pages, ISBN 3-85881-236-6 (978-3-85881-236-0), hardcover. published for the Nordamerika Native Museum, Zürich. See the Scheidegger-Spiess web site Search Google Scholar Flutopedia format citation APA format citation Chicago format citation MLA format citation Wikipedia format citation

[Ishi 1992] Ishi (about 1860–1916); T. T. Waterman (recording engineer); Bernie Krause (audio restoration). Ishi: The Last Yahi — Recorded 1911-14 on wax cylinder, Wild Sanctuary, 12 tracks, 1992, audio cassette. Reissued in [Ishi 2008]. See the Wild Sanctuary web site Search Google Scholar Flutopedia format citation APA format citation Chicago format citation MLA format citation Wikipedia format citation

Review by Backroads Music/Heartbeats from All Music Guide: Originally recorded in 1911 and 1915, these remastered recordings feature Ishi, speaking and singing in his native language for Professor A.E. Kroeber's wax cylinder machine. Ishi was the last surviving member of the Yahi who was found in 1911 and taken to the University of California Anthropology Museum in San Francisco. Bernie Krause recently de-noised the original recordings, providing an exceptional window through which we can sense the spiritual symmetries of Ishi's life and his haunting presence.

[Ishi 2008] Ishi; T. T. Waterman (recording engineer); Bernie Krause (audio restoration). Ishi: The Last Yahi — Recorded 1911-14 on wax cylinder, Wild Sanctuary, 12 tracks, 2008, audio CD. All Music Guide Album ID R-170081. Reissue of [Ishi 1992]. See the Wild Sanctuary web site Search Google Scholar Flutopedia format citation APA format citation Chicago format citation MLA format citation Wikipedia format citation

Eight citations: Ethnographic Flute Recordings of North America - Organized by Culture (4), Ethnographic Flute Recordings of North America - Organized Chronologically (4)

Publisher's description: Originally recorded on Edison wax cylinder machines in 1911-14, mostly by T.T. Waterman of the U.C. Museum of Anthropology in San Francisco (now the Phoebe Hearst Museum, Berkeley, CA), this material features ISHI, the last surviving member of the California Yahi tribe. The last native speaker of the Yahi language, he sings traditional songs and tells stories in his native tongue. NOTE: This is an archival recording -- over 100 years old! Many of the unwanted surface noises, clicks and distortions of the original, century-old recordings have been reduced; what breaks through is Ishi's own remarkable voice -- emerging, like an echo from the past.

[Iwanaga 2005] Makoto Iwanaga, Asami Kobayashi, and Chie Kawasaki. “Heart Rate Variability with Repetitive Exposure to Music”, Biological Psychology, Volume 70, Number 1, September 2005, pages 61–66, doi:10.1016/j.biopsycho.2004.11.015. Publication 16038775 on PubMed/NCBI (subscription access). Search Google Scholar Flutopedia format citation APA format citation Chicago format citation MLA format citation Wikipedia format citation

Abstract: Previous studies of physiological responses to music showed inconsistent results, which might be attributable to methodological differences. Heart rate variability has been used to assess activation of the sympathetic and the parasympathetic nervous systems. The present study aimed to examine heart rate variability with repetitive exposure to sedative or excitative music. The participants were 13 undergraduate or graduate students who were each exposed to three conditions sedative music (SM), excitative music (EM), and no music (NM) on different days. Each participant underwent four sessions of one condition in a day. Sedative music and no music each induced both high relaxation and low tension subjectively. However, excitative music decreased perceived tension and increased perceived relaxation as the number of sessions increased. The low-frequency (LF) component of heart rate variability (HRV) and the LF/HF (high-frequency) ratio increased during SM and EM sessions but decreased during NM sessions. The HF component of HRV during SM was higher than that during EM but the same as that during NM. These findings suggest that excitative music decreased the activation of the parasympathetic nervous system.

[Izaguirre 2008] Raúl Alfredo Izaguirre. Diccionario Mapuche-Español, published by Caleuche, Bariloche, Argentina, in Spanish, 2008, 232 pages, ISBN-13 978-987-95209-8-7 Search Google Scholar Flutopedia format citation APA format citation Chicago format citation MLA format citation Wikipedia format citation

One citation: Names of the Native American Flute

[Izawa 1888] Shūji Izawa, 伊澤修二. Collection of Japanese Koto Music, published by the Department of Education, Tokyo, in English and Japanese, October 28, 1888, 212 pages. Publication collectionjapan00gakkgoog on Archive.org (open access). Collection of Japanese Koto Music Search Google Scholar Flutopedia format citation APA format citation Chicago format citation MLA format citation Wikipedia format citation

One citation: Sakura Sakura - Sheet Music for Native American Flute

Preface: The present collection consists of those pieces of Japanese popular Koto music which may be deemed suited to serve as first steps to learning the Koto music and which were selected as such by the late Institute of Music.

Though most of the pieces contained in this collection are selected from the better portion of the old Koto music, yet for those words and tunes occuring therein, which are liable to offend the public feelings on account of their vulgarity and meanness, pure and elegant ones have been substituted, thus preventing their baneful effects upon the social character.

[Izikowitz 1932] Karl Gustav Izikowitz (1903–1984); A. Metraux (translation from Swedish). “Les instruments de musique des Indiens Uro-Chipaya «Musical Instruments of the Uro-Chipaya Indians»”, Revista del Instituto de Etnologica, Volume 2, published by the Universidad Nacional de Tucuman, 1932, pages 263–291. Search Google Scholar Flutopedia format citation APA format citation Chicago format citation MLA format citation Wikipedia format citation

One citation: A Brief History of the Native American Flute

[Izikowitz 1935] Karl Gustav Izikowitz; Florence Ljunggren (translation). Musical and Other Sound Instruments of the South American Indians—A Comparative Ethnographical Study, Series: Göteborgs Kungl. Vetenskapsoch Vitterhets-Samhälles Handlingar, 5. följden, Series A, Volume 5, Number 1, published by, Elanders Boktryckerei Aktiebolag, Göteborg, 1935, xii + 433 pages. Issued also as thesis, Gothenburg. The greater part translated from the author's manuscript by Mrs. Florence Ljunggren with the notation: "Communicated October 8th, 1934.". Reissued in [Izikowitz 1970]. Library of Congress call number AS284 .G7 föl. 5, ser. A, bd. 5, no. 1. Search Google Scholar Flutopedia format citation APA format citation Chicago format citation MLA format citation Wikipedia format citation

Two citations: Glossary of Native American Flute Terms, A Brief History of the Native American Flute

[Izikowitz 1970] Karl Gustav Izikowitz; Florence Ljunggren (translation). Musical and Other Sound Instruments of the South American Indians—A Comparative Ethnographical Study, published by, S. R. Publishers, East Ardsley, England, 1970, xii + 433 pages, ISBN 0-85409-505-5. Reissue of [Izikowitz 1935]. Library of Congress call number ML3575.A2 I97. Search Google Scholar Flutopedia format citation APA format citation Chicago format citation MLA format citation Wikipedia format citation

Two citations: The Breckenridge Flute, A Brief History of the Native American Flute

 
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