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[MLA format] Ancient Music References

This is a list of references realted to ancient music cited throughout Flutopedia. These references have only tangential relationship to the Native American flute, but I've found them interesting when researching the earliest origins of music.

The references on this page are a sub-set of the complete list of Flutopedia references.

For information on the format and other details of these citations, see the main references page.

[MLA format] Ancient Music References

[Abraham-RH 2006] Abraham, Ralph H., and Thompson, William Irwin. “The Canon of Lespugue”, The Epigraphic Society Occasional Papers (ESOP), 24 (2006): 170–175.

[Anderson-R 2005] Anderson, Robert, Castelo-Branco, Salwa El-Shawan, and Danielson, Virginia. Egypt, Ancient Music (2005): 39 pages.

[Anderson-RD 1976] Anderson, R. D.; Huxtable, Grace (drawings). Catalogue of Egyptian Antiquities in the British Museum, Volume 3: Musical Instruments, Illustrated Edition. British Museum Publications Limited (1976): viii + 87 pages with 150 illustrations, ISBN 0-7141-0919-3 (978-0-7141-0919-0).

[Andreopoulou 2008] Andreopoulou, Areti. Modeling the Greek Aulos, Master of Music in Music Technology – The Steinhardt School, New York University (May 14, 2008): 96 pages.

[Aristoxenus 1902] Aristoxenus; Macran, Henry Stewart (editor). Aristoxenou Harmonika Stoicheia «The Harmonics of Aristoxenus». Clarendon Press (1902): 303 pages.

[Arroyo 2003] Arroyo, Rafael Pérez, and Bonet, Syra. Music in the Age of the Pyramids, English Edition. Madrid, Spain: Editorial Centro de Estudios Egipcios (2003): 511 pages, ISBN 84-932796-1-7.

[Arroyo 2006] Arroyo, Rafael Pérez, and Bonet, Syra. Music in the Age of the Pyramids, Natural Acoustic Recordings, NAR-0010-01, with booklet in English and Spanish. NAR-0010-02, with booklet in French and German. (October 30, 2006).

[Badawi 1960] Badawi, Ahmad (supervision); Mokhtar, Mohamed Gamal el-Din, and Tanbuli, Muhammad 'Abd al-Latif (text); el-Ghazouli, Aly Hassan, Abdel-Rahman, Abdel-Badie, and el-Gabouri, Ahmad (photographs). Dresses in Ancient Egypt «Le costume dans l'Egypte ancienne / al-Azya fi Misr al-qadimah». Le Caire: Centre de documentation sur l'ancienne Egypte, in English, French, and Arabic (1960): 80 pages. Publication dressesinancient00bada on Archive.org (open access).

[Baines 1993] Baines, John. “Symbolic Roles of Canine Figures on Early Monuments”, Archéo-Nil (May 1993): 57–74.

[Bard 2007] Bard, Kathryn A. An Introduction to the Archaeology of Ancient Egypt. Blackwell Publishing (2007): 400 pages, ISBN-13 978-1-4051-1148-5.

[Barnett-RD 1976] Barnett, Richard David. Sculptures from the North Palace of Ashurbanipal at Nineveh (668–627 B.C.). London: British Museum Press (1976): 75 pages, ISBN 0-7141-1046-9 (978-0-7141-1046-2).

[Barnett-RD 1982] Barnett, Richard David. Ancient Ivories in the Middle East and Adjacent Countries, Volume 14 of Qedem: Monographs of the Institute of Archaeology. Institute of Archaeology, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (1982): 99 pages.

[Barone 1960] Barone, Joseph A. “Patterns in Music”, Expedition, 3.1 (Fall 1960): 29–31.

[Barton 1915] Barton, George A. Sumerian Business and Administrative Documents from the Earliest Times to the Dynasty fo Agade, Publications of the Babylonian Section, Volume 9, Number 1. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology (1915): 106 pages.

[Beyhom 2008] Beyhom, Amine. “A New Hypothesis for the Elaboration of Heptatonic Scales and Consequences in Understanding their Origins”, Proceedings of the International Conference of Near Eastern Archaeomusicology (ICONEA 2008), The British Museum, London, December 4–6, 2008, editors: Richard Dumbrill and Irving Finkel. London: Iconea Publications (2008): 151–209.

[Bhayro 2008] Bhayro, Siam. “Ancient Near Eastern and Early Jewish Lyre Traditions”, Proceedings of the International Conference of Near Eastern Archaeomusicology (ICONEA 2008), The British Museum, London, December 4–6, 2008, editors: Richard Dumbrill and Irving Finkel. London: Iconea Publications (2008): 77–82.

[Bhayro 2010] Bhayro, Siam. “On the Manipulation of the Planets by the Lyre Player in a 'Wine Song' by Khamis Bar Qardahe”, Proceedings of the International Conference of Near Eastern Archaeomusicology (ICONEA 2009-2010), Université de la Sorbonne, Paris, and Senate House, School of Musical Research, University of London, November 2009 and December 2010, editors: Richard Dumbrill and Irving Finkel. London: Iconea Publications (2010): 41–44, ISBN-13 978-1-4632-0182-1.

[Brenner 2001] Brenner, Athalya. A Feminist Companion to Exodus-Deuteronomy.

[Bromiley 1986] Bromiley, Geoffrey W. The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Illustrated in Four Volumes, Revised Edition. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co. (1986). Reissued in [Bromiley 2007].

[Bromiley 2007] Bromiley, Geoffrey W. The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Illustrated Edition. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co. (2007), ISBN 0-8028-3785-9 (978-0-8028-3785-1). Reissue of [Bromiley 1986].

[Brown-JP 2001] Brown, John Pairman. Israel and Hellas, Volume 3. Walter de Gruyter (2001): 548 pages, ISBN 3-11-014233-3 (978-3-11-014233-4). Beihefte zur Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft.

[Buccellati 2000] Buccellati, Giorgio, and Kelly-Buccellati, Marilyn. The Royal Palace and the Daughter of Naram-Sin, Urkesh Bulletin, 3 (April 2000): 41 pages.

[Buccellati 2003] Buccellati, G{iorgio}. Hurrian Music. IIMAS (The International Institute for Mesopotamian Area Studies) (2003), retrieved September 28, 2011.

[Burgh 2006] Burgh, Theodore W. Listening to the Artifacts: Music Culture in Ancient Palestine, Illustrated Edition. Continuum International Publishing Group (2006): 181 pages, ISBN 0-567-02542-X (978-0-567-02542-5).

[CAD 2011] Roth, Martha T. (editor in charge). The Chicago Assyrian Dictionary (CAD), 21 Volumes (26 total parts). Chicago, Illinois: The Oriental Institute (Date of publication completion June 2011): 10,000 pages, retrieved December 22, 2011. Publication began 1921. also known as The Assyrian Dictionary of the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago.

[Cambel 2003] Çambel, H., and Özyar, A. Karatepe - Aslantaş, Azatiwaya: Die Bildwerke «Karatepe - Aslantaş, Azatiwaya: The Image Works», in German (2003), ISBN-13 978-3-8053-3085-5.

[Campbell 2011] Campbell, Dennis R. M. Observations on the Lyric Structure of Hurrian Songs and the Fragment KBo 35.39 (2011): 35 pages.

[Caplice 1988] Caplice, Richard I., and Snell, Daniel C. Introduction to Akkadian. Gregorian and Biblical Book Shop (1988): 106 pages, ISBN 88-7653-566-7 (978-88-7653-566-6).

[Cerny 1987] Černý, Miroslav Karel. “Das altmesopotamische Tonsystem, seine Organisation und Entwicklung im Lichte der neuerschlossenen Texte «The Mesopotamian Sound System, its Organization and Development in the Light of New Closed Texts»”, Archiv Orientální - Quarterly Journal of African and Asian Studies, 55, in German (1987): 41–57.

[Cerny 1988] Černý, Miroslav Karel. “Probleme der Musikaufzeichnung aus Ugarit — Versuch einer neuen Interpretation des "Hymnus h 6" «Problems of Recording Music from Ugarit - Attempt at a New Interpretation of the "Hymn H 6"»”, Sulmu / Vavrousek Petr. - Prague : Univerzita Karlova, in German (1988): 49–62.

[Cerny 1994] Černý, Miroslav Karel. “Some Musicological Remarks on the Old Mesopotamian Music and its Terminology”, Archiv Orientální - Quarterly Journal of African and Asian Studies, 62.1 (1994): 17–26.

[Cerny 2004] Černý, Miroslav Karel. “Another Look at the Mesopotamian "Tonal" System - Ascending or Descending?”, Archiv Orientální - Quarterly Journal of African and Asian Studies, 72.1 (2004): 25–32.

[Champollion 1876] Champollion-Figeac, M. Jacques-Joseph. Egypte Ancienne «Ancient Egypt», in French (1876). Publication egypteancienne00cham on Archive.org (open access).

[Cheng 2009] Cheng, Jack. “A Review of Early Dynastic III Music: Man's Animal Call”, Journal of Near Eastern Studies, 68.3 (2009): 163–178, doi:10.1086/613988.

[Cheung 2008] Cheung, Vincent C. K. “Tudor Dedications to the Blessed Virgin: History, Style, and Analysis of Music from the Eton Choirbook” (2008).

[Civil 2008] Civil, Miguel. ARES III: The Early Dynastic Practical Vocabulary A: Archaic HAR-ra A, Volume 4 of Archivi reali di Ebla: Studi, Missione archeologica italiana in Siria. Rome: Missione Archeologica Italiana in Siria (2008): 181 pages.

[Civil 2010] Civil, Miguel. The Lexical Texts in the Schøyen Collection, Cornell University Studies in Assyriology and Sumerology, Volume 12. Bethesda, Maryland: CDL Press (July 15, 2010): xxii+308 pages, ISBN 1-934309-11-7 (978-1-934309-11-7).

[Colburn 2009] Colburn, Jerome. “A New Interpretation of the Nippur Music-Instruction Fragments”, Journal of Cuneiform Studies, 61 (January 2009): 97–109. ISSN 0022-0256 (print). Publication 25608635 on JSTOR (subscription access).

[Colburn 2009a] Colburn, Jerome. “CBS 1766 as a Guide to String Pairs, Including Seconds”, N. A. B. U., 3 (2009).

[Collon 1990] Collon, Dominique. Near Eastern Seals, Volume 2 of Interpreting the Past. Chicago, Illinois: University of Chicago Press (1990): 64 pages, ISBN 0-520-07308-8 (978-0-520-07308-1).

[Collon 2008] Collon, Dominique. “Playing in Concert in the Ancient Near East”, Proceedings of the International Conference of Near Eastern Archaeomusicology (ICONEA 2008), The British Museum, London, December 4–6, 2008, editors: Richard Dumbrill and Irving Finkel. London: Iconea Publications (2008): 47–65.

[Crickmore 2003] Crickmore, Leon. “A Re-valuation of the Ancient Science of Harmonics”, Psychology of Music, 31.4 (2003): 391–403, doi:10.1177/03057356030314004.

[Crickmore 2007] Crickmore, Leon. “A New Hypothesis for the Construction and Tuning of Babylonian Musical Scales”, Journal of Ancient Civilizations, 22 (2007): 35–67.

[Crickmore 2008] Crickmore, Leon. “A Musical and Mathematical Context for CBS 1766”, Music Theory Spectrum, 30.2 (October 1, 2008): 327–338, doi:10.1525/mts.2008.30.2.327. Publication mts.2008.30.2.327 on JSTOR (subscription access).

[Crickmore 2008a] Crickmore, Leon. “A New Light on the Babylonian Tonal System”, Proceedings of the International Conference of Near Eastern Archaeomusicology (ICONEA 2008), The British Museum, London, December 4–6, 2008, editors: Richard Dumbrill and Irving Finkel. London: Iconea Publications (2008): 11–22.

[Crickmore 2008b] Crickmore, Leon. “The Musicality of Plato”, Hermathena, 180 (2008): 19–43.

[Crickmore 2009] Crickmore, Leon. “A Possible Mesopotamian Origin for Plato's World Soul”, Hermathena, 186 (Summer 2009): 5–23. Publication 23041697 on JSTOR (subscription access).

[Crickmore 2009a] Crickmore, Leon. “The Tonal Systems of Mesopotamia and Ancient Greece: Some Similarities and Differences”, The Archaeomusicological Review of the Ancient Near East, 1 (April 2008): 1–16.

[Crickmore 2009b] Crickmore, Leon. “Harmonic Mythology — Nine Interdiciplinary Research Notes”, The Archaeomusicological Review of the Ancient Near East, 1 (April 2008): 51–66.

[Crickmore 2010] Crickmore, Leon. “Egyptian Fractions and the Ancient Science of Harmonics”, Proceedings of the International Conference of Near Eastern Archaeomusicology (ICONEA 2009-2010), Université de la Sorbonne, Paris, and Senate House, School of Musical Research, University of London, November 2009 and December 2010, editors: Richard Dumbrill and Irving Finkel. London: Iconea Publications (2010): 1–8, ISBN-13 978-1-4632-0182-1.

[Crickmore 2012] Crickmore, Leon. “A Musicological Interpretation of the Akkadian term siḫpu”, Journal of Cuneiform Studies, 64 (2012): 57–64, doi:10.5615/jcunestud.64.0057. Publication 10.5615/jcunestud.64.0057 on JSTOR (subscription access).

[Crocker 1977] Crocker, Richard L. “Music and Archaeology”, IMSCR, 12 (1977): 844–868.

[Crocker 1978] Crocker, R{ichard} L. “Remarks on the Tuning Text UET VII 74 (U.7/80)”, Orientalia, 47 (1978): 99–104. Publication 43074799 on JSTOR (subscription access).

[Crocker 1984] Crocker, R{ichard} L., and Kilmer, A{nn} D{raffkorn}. “The Fragmentary Music Text from Nippur”, Iraq, 46.2 (Autumn 1984): 81–85. Publication 4200217 on JSTOR (subscription access).

[Crocker 1997] Crocker, Richard L. “Mesopotamian Tonal Systems”, Iraq, 59 (1997): 189–202. Publication 4200443 on JSTOR (subscription access).

[CUL 2004] Libraries, Columbia University. Jewels in Her Crown — Treasures of Columbia University Libraries Special Collections (2004).

[DEAA 1902] Department of Egyptian and Assyrian Antiquities at the British Museum. Cuneiform Texts from Babylonian Tablets, &c., in the British Muesum, Part XV (50 plates) (1902).

[DEAA 1909] Department of Egyptian and Assyrian Antiquities at the British Museum; King, L. W. (text and copies of the tablets); Wallis Bidge, E. A. (editor). Cuneiform Texts from Babylonian Tablets, &c., in the British Muesum, Part XXV (50 plates) (1909).

[deSchauensee 1998] Schauensee, Maude de. “The "Boat-Shaped" Lyre — Restudy of a Unique Musical Instrument from Ur”, Expedition, 40.2 (1998): 20–8.

[deSchauensee 2002] Schauensee, Maude de. Two Lyres from Ur. University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology (2002): 125 pages, ISBN 0-924171-88-X (978-0-924171-88-8).

[Dietrich 1975] Dietrich, Manfried, and Loretz, Oswald. “Kollationen zum Musiktext aus Ugarit «Collations to Music Text from Ugarit»”, Ugarit-Forschungen, 7, in German (1975): 521–522.

[Dowley 2011] Dowley, Tim. Christian Music: A Global History. Augsburg Fortress Publishers (2011): 264 pages, ISBN 0-8006-9841-X (978-0-8006-9841-6).

[Duchesne-Guillemin 1963] Duchesne-Guillemin, Marcelle. “Découverte d'une Gamme Babylonienne «Discovery of a Babylonian Scale»”, Revue de Musicologie, 49.126, in French (July 1963): 3–17. Publication 927207 on JSTOR (subscription access).

[Duchesne-Guillemin 1981] Duchesne-Guillemin, Marcelle. “Music in Ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt”, World Archaeology, 12.3 (February 1981): 287–297, doi:10.1080/00438243.1981.9979803. Publication 124240 on JSTOR (subscription access).

[Duchesne-Guillemin 1984] Duchesne-Guillemin, Marcelle. A Hurrian Musical Score from Ugarit: The Discovery of Mesopotamian Music, Sources from the Ancient Near East, 2.2 (1984): 32 pages, ISBN 0-89003-158-4 (978-0-89003-158-2). ISSN 0732-6424.

[Duchesne-Guillemin 1984a] Duchesne-Guillemin, Marcelle. “Déchiffrement de la musique babylonienne «Decryption of Babylonian Music»”, Accademia dei Lincei, Quaderno, 236, in French (1977).

[Dumbrill 1997a] Dumbrill, Richard J{ean}. Götterzahlen and Scale Structure (1997).

[Dumbrill 1997b] Dumbrill, Richard J{ean}. The Uruk Lute: Elements of Metrology (1997).

[Dumbrill 1997c] Dumbrill, Richard J{ean}. The Morphology of the Babylonian Scale (1997).

[Dumbrill 1998] Dumbrill, Richard J. {Jean}. The Musicology and Organology of the Ancient Near East, ANE Series. London: Tadema Press (1998): 670 pages, ISBN 0-9533633-0-9 (978-0-9533633-0-8). Reissued in [Dumbrill 2005].

[Dumbrill 2005] Dumbrill, Richard J. {Jean}; Higano, Yumiko (illustrations). The Archaeomusicology of the Ancient Near East, Second Edition. Trafford Publishing (2005): 530 pages, ISBN 1-4120-5538-5 (978-1-4120-5538-3). Reissue of [Dumbrill 1998].

[Dumbrill 2008a] Dumbrill, Richard J{ean}. “Four Tables from the Temple Library of Nippur: A Source for 'Plato's Number' in Relation to the Quantification of Babylonian Tone Numbers”, The Archaeomusicological Review of the Ancient Near East, 1 (April 2008): 27–38.

[Dumbrill 2008b] Dumbrill, Richard J{ean}. “Is the Heptagram in CBS 1766 a Dial?”, The Archaeomusicological Review of the Ancient Near East, 1 (April 2008): 47–50.

[Dumbrill 2008c] Dumbrill, Richard J{ean}. “The Earliest Evidence of Heptatonism in a Late Old Babylonian Text: CBS 1766”, The Archaeomusicological Review of the Ancient Near East, 1 (April 2008): 1–18.

[Dumbrill 2008d] Dumbrill, Richard J{ean}. “Evidence and Inference in Texts of Theory in the Ancient Near East”, Proceedings of the International Conference of Near Eastern Archaeomusicology (ICONEA 2008), The British Museum, London, December 4–6, 2008, editors: Richard Dumbrill and Irving Finkel. London: Iconea Publications (2008): 105–116.

[Dumbrill 2009] Dumbrill, Richard J{ean}. “Babylonian Quantification of Pitches and its Influence on Music Theory of the Abbasids and the Renaissance”, Musical Traditions in the Middle East: Reminiscences of a Distant Past, Conference on Ancient Near East Musicology, Leiden University, December 10-12, 2009 (2009).

[Dumbrill 2010] Dumbrill, Richard. “Mesopotamian Origins of Heptatonism”, Music and Numbers (May 14–15, 2010).

[Dumbrill 2010a] Dumbrill, Richard. “Music Theorism in the Ancient World”, Proceedings of the International Conference of Near Eastern Archaeomusicology (ICONEA 2009-2010), Université de la Sorbonne, Paris, and Senate House, School of Musical Research, University of London, November 2009 and December 2010, editors: Richard Dumbrill and Irving Finkel. London: Iconea Publications (2010): 107–132, ISBN-13 978-1-4632-0182-1.

[Ebeling 1919] Ebeling, Erich. Keilschrifttexte aus Assur religiösen Inhalts «Religious Cuneiform Texts from Assur», Volume 1, Ausgrabungen der Deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft in Assur (Excavations of the German Oriental Society in Assur), Wissenschaftliche Veröffentlichungen der deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft (WVDOG), 28, in German (1919): 362 pages.

[Ebeling 1923] Ebeling, Erich. Keilschrifttexte aus Assur religiösen Inhalts «Religious Cuneiform Texts from Assur», Volume 2, Ausgrabungen der Deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft in Assur (Excavations of the German Oriental Society in Assur), Wissenschaftliche Veröffentlichungen der deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft (WVDOG), 34, in German (1923): 362 pages.

[Ebeling 1927] Ebeling, Erich. Keilschrifttexte aus Assur juristischen Inhalts «Legal Cuneiform Texts from Assur», Ausgrabungen der Deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft in Assur (Excavations of the German Oriental Society in Assur), Wissenschaftliche Veröffentlichungen der deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft (WVDOG), 50, in German (1927): 362 pages.

[Effat 1996] Effat, Mahmoud, Cribbs, Robert, and Saleh, Fathi. “On the Discovery of the Ancient Egyptian Musical Scales”, Informatica ed Egittologia all’inizio degli anni’ 90, in English and French versions available (1996): 119–140.

[Ellermeier 1970] Ellermeier, Friedrich. Sibyllen, Musikanten, Haremsfrauen: Aufsätze «Sibyls, Musicians, Harem Women: Essays», Volume 2 of Theologische und orientalistische Arbeiten. Jungfer, in German (1970): 30 pages, ISBN 3-921747-05-8 (978-3-921747-05-6).

[Engel 1864] Engel, Carl. The Music of the Most Ancient Nations, Particularly of the Assyrians, Egyptians, and Hebrews: With Special Reference to Recent Discoveries in Western Asia and in Egypt, First Edition. London: J. Murray (1864): 379 pages. Publication musicofmostancie00enge on Archive.org (open access).

[Engel 1870] Engel, Carl. The Music of the Most Ancient Nations, Particularly of the Assyrians, Egyptians, and Hebrews: With Special Reference to Recent Discoveries in Western Asia and in Egypt, Second edition. London: J. Murray (1870): 379 pages.

[Erman 1907] Erman, Adolf; Griffith, A. S. (translation). A Handbook of Egyptian Religion. London: Archibald Constable & Co. (1907): 277 pages. English translation of the original German edition, published by the General Verwaltung of the Berlin Imperial Museums.

[Fink 2003] Fink, Robert. Selected Essays & Readings: On the Origin of Music. Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada: Greenwich Publishing (2003).

[Finkel 1982] Finkel, Irving L., and Civil, M. (editors). Materials for the Sumerian Lexicon, Volume 16, SIG 7 ALAN. Rome: Pontificium Institute Biblicum (1982): 348 pages.

[Franklin 2002] Franklin, John Curtis. “Musical Syncretism in the Greek Orientalizing Period”, contained in [Hickmann-E 2002], in German and English (2002): 441–451.

[Franklin 2002a] Franklin, John Curtis. Terpander: The Invention of Music in the Orientalizing Period, Doctoral dissertation – University College, London, England (2002).

[Franklin 2002b] Franklin, John Curtis. Diatonic Music in Greece: A Reassessment of its Antiquity, Mnemosyne, 55.6 (2002): 669–702.

[Franklin 2003] Franklin, John Curtis. The Language of Musical Technique in Greek Epic Diction, contained in Gaia. Revue interdisciplinaire sur la Grèce archaïque 7 (2003): 295–307.

[Franklin 2004] Franklin, John Curtis. Structural Sympathies in Ancient Greek and South-Slavic Heroic Song, contained in [Hickmann-E 2004] (2004): 11 pages.

[Franklin 2006] Franklin, John Curtis. “Lyre Gods of the Bronze Age Musical Koine” (2006).

[Franklin 2006a] Franklin, John Curtis. “The Wisdom of the Lyre: Soundings in Ancient Greece, Cyprus and the Near East”, in English and German (2006).

[Franklin 2006c] Franklin, John Curtis. ‘Songbenders of Circular Choruses’: Dithyramb and the ‘Demise of Music’ (2006): 22 pages.

[Franklin 2007] Franklin, John Curtis. “A Feast of Music”: The Greco-Lydian Musical Movement on the Assyrian Periphery (2007): 12 pages.

[Franklin 2009] Franklin, John Curtis. Kinyras: The Divine Lyre (2009): 207 pages.

[Franklin 2010] Franklin, John Curtis. Kinyras and the Musical Stratigraphy of Early Cyprus (2010): 34 pages.

[Gadalla 2000] Gadalla, Moustafa. Egyptian Harmony — The Visual Music. Greensboro, North Carolina: Tehuti Research Foundation (2000): 191 pages.

[Gadalla 2002] Gadalla, Moustafa. Egyptian Rhythm — The Heavenly Melodies. Greensboro, North Carolina: Tehuti Research Foundation (2002): 239 pages, ISBN 1-931446-02-4 (978-1-931446-02-0).

[Galpin 1937] Galpin, F. W. {Francis William}. The Music of the Sumerians — And Their Immediate Successors, the Babylonians and Assyrians. Cambridge University Press (1937). Reissued in [Galpin 2011].

[Galpin 2011] Galpin, F. W. {Francis William}. The Music of the Sumerians — And Their Immediate Successors, the Babylonians and Assyrians. Cambridge University Press (February 17, 2011): 160 pages, ISBN 0-521-18063-5 (978-0-521-18063-4). Originally published in 1937. Reissue of [Galpin 1937].

[George-AR 1979] George, Andrew R. “Cuneiform Texts in the Birmingham City Museum”, Iraq, 41.2 (Autumn 1979): 121–140. Publication 4200108 on JSTOR (subscription access).

[George-AR 1999] George, Andrew R. “What’s New in the Gilgamesh Epic?”, Bulletin of the Canadian Society for Mesopotamian Studies, 34 (1999): 51–58.

[George-AR 2003] George, Andrew R. The Babylonian Gilgamesh Epic — Introduction, Critical Edition and Cuneiform Texts, Volume 1 (2003): 986 pages.

[George-AR 2003a] George, Andrew R. The Epic of Gilgamesh: The Babylonian Epic Poem and Other Texts in Akkadian and Sumerian, Reprint edition. Penguin (2003): 228 pages, ISBN 0-14-044919-1 (978-0-14-044919-8).

[George-AR 2007] George, Andrew. “Babylonian and Assyrian: A History of Akkadian”, contained in [Postgate 2007] (2007): 31–71.

[Goedicke 1971] Goedicke, Hans (editor). Near Eastern Studies in Honor of William Foxwell Albright. The Johns Hopkins University Press, in German and English (1971): 503 pages, ISBN 0-8018-1235-6 (978-0-8018-1235-4).

[Goranson 2011] Goranson, Casey. Hurrian Hymn No. 6 (2011), retrieved March 20, 2011.

[Groneberg 2003] Groneberg, Brigitte. “Searching for Akkadian Lyrics: From Old Babylonian to the "Liederkatalog" KAR 158”, Journal of Cuneiform Studies, 55 (2003): 55–74. Publication 3515954 on JSTOR (subscription access).

[Gruber 2004] Gruber, Claudia. Möbeldekor aus Elfenbein Zur Rekonstruktion von Schnitzverzierungen an altorientalischen Möbeln, Doctoral dissertation – Fakultät für Kulturwissenschaften der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Munich, Germany, in German (2004): 399 pages.

[Gurney-OR 1968] Gurney, O. R. “An Old Babylonian Treatise on the Tuning of the Harp”, Iraq, 30.2 (Autumn 1968): 229–233. Publication 4199853 on JSTOR (subscription access).

[Gurney-OR 1974] Gurney, O. R. Middle Babylonian Legal Documents and Other Texts, Ur Excavation Texts (UET), Volume VII. British Museum Publications Ltd for the British Museum, and the University Museum, University of Pennsylvania (1974), ISBN 0-7141-1082-5 (978-0-7141-1082-0).

[Gurney-OR 1994] Gurney, O. R. “A New Interpretation of the Nippur Music-Instruction Fragments”, Iraq, 56 (1994): 101–106. Publication 4200387 on JSTOR (subscription access).

[Gurney-OR 1994a] Gurney, O. R. “Babylonian Music Again”, Iraq, 56 (1994): 101–106. Publication 4200387 on JSTOR (subscription access).

[Gurney-OR 1998] Gurney, O. R., and West, M. L. “Mesopotamian Tonal Systems: A Reply”, Iraq, 60 (1998): 223–227, doi:10.2307/4200460. Publication 4200460 on JSTOR (subscription access).

[Guterbock 1970] Güterbock, H{ans} G{ustav}. “Musical Notation in Ugarit”, Revue d’Assyriologie, 64 (1970): 45–52.

[Hagel 2006] Hagel, Stefan. Music of the Ancient Near East (October 6, 2006).

[Hagel 2008] Hagel, Stefan. “Re-evaluating the Pompeii Auloi”, The Journal of Hellenic Studies, 128 (2008): 52–71. Publication 40651723 on JSTOR (subscription access).

[Hagel 2009] Hagel, Stefan. Ancient Greek Music: A New Technical History. Cambridge University Press (2009): 484 pages, ISBN 0-521-51764-8 (978-0-521-51764-5).

[Halloran 1999] Halloran, John A. Sumerian Lexicon, Version 3.0 (August 11, 1999).

[Halperin 2008] Halperin, David. “Musical Reconstruction of the Hurrian Material by Statistical Analysis”, Proceedings of the International Conference of Near Eastern Archaeomusicology (ICONEA 2008), The British Museum, London, December 4–6, 2008, editors: Richard Dumbrill and Irving Finkel. London: Iconea Publications (2008): 29–32.

[Hamilton 1953] Hamilton, Elsie. The Modes of Ancient Greece (1953): 20 pages.

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To cite this page on Wikipedia: <ref name="Goss_2017_refsM_ancient"> {{cite web |last=Goss |first=Clint |title=[MLA format] Ancient Music References for the Native American Flute |url=http://www.Flutopedia.com/refsM_ancient.htm |date=3 February 2017 |website=Flutopedia |access-date=<YOUR RETRIEVAL DATE> }}</ref>