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Flute Catalog - S

Detailed information for a subset of flutes in the Flutopedia Flute Catalog whose source begins with the letter S. The source is the crafting culture (if known), or else the flute maker's last name (if known), or else the name of the collection in which the flute resides.

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Flute Cultures, Makers, or Collections starting with S

Culture: Sac and Fox (Thakiwaki)

DCM 752: Sac and Fox (Thakiwaki) ~1927 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Sac and Fox (Thakiwaki)1 «Wikipedia»; Sac and Fox (Thakiwaki)2 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: Before September 23, 19273; Date acquired: September 23, 19272; Overall length: 61.278(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 24 1/8' in)4; 59.50(±0.05) cm2; Materials: Body is from a steel pipe or tube, possibly a gun barrel, although it is slightly thin gauge metal for such purpose. Wood flue cover, lead flue plate.2

Provenance: From N. E. Carter, Elkhorn, Wisconsin, 23 Sept. 1927.2; Disposition: In the Dayton C. Miller collection of the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., cataloged as DCM 752:.5; Remarks: Dayton C. Miller ledger entry: "Sac and Fox."2

For more information: Library of Congress / Dayton C. Miller Collection

1 [Wolf 2002]
2 Dayton C. Miller Flute Collection catalog record as of February 23, 2017
3 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
4 [Wolf 2002] (original text: ‘L 24 1/8’)
5 entered by Clint Goss on February 23, 2017

Image courtesy of the Library of Congress.

FM 34893: Sac and Fox (Thakiwaki) ~1907 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Sac and Fox (Thakiwaki)1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: 1907 or before2; Accession date: 19071

Identification: Accession number: 1014, IRN: 12638381; Provenance: Ethnological Fieldwork at Tama, Iowa - Sauk and Fox (Expedition), W. Jones : Kavilco Incorporated1; Disposition: In the Field Museum Anthropology Department collection, catalog #34893.3

1 Field Museum catalog record as of April 13, 2017
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the accession date.
3 entered by Clint Goss on April 14, 2017

Image by Clint Goss. Image by Clint Goss.

FM 34894: Sac and Fox (Thakiwaki) ~1907 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Sac and Fox (Thakiwaki)1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: 1907 or before2; Accession date: 19071

Identification: Accession number: 1014, IRN: 12638491; Provenance: Ethnological Fieldwork at Tama, Iowa - Sauk and Fox (Expedition), W. Jones : Kavilco Incorporated1; Disposition: In the Field Museum Anthropology Department collection, catalog #34894.3

1 Field Museum catalog record as of April 13, 2017
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the accession date.
3 entered by Clint Goss on April 14, 2017

Image by Clint Goss. Image by Clint Goss.

Culture: Salish

AMNH 50.2 / 3694: Salish ~1934 Wrapped-Block Flute

Crafting culture: Salish1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: 1934 or before2; Date acquired: 19341; Overall length: 42.0(±0.5) cm3; Materials: WOOD, HIDE, FEATHERS, SINEW, PIGMENT1

Provenance: MT, LAKE COUNTY?, MISSOULA COUNTY?, ARLEE, California, USA1; Personnel: Donor: Mr. C. E. Schaeffer1; Disposition: In the American Museum of Natural History collection in New York City, catalog #50.2 / 3694.4

For more information: American Museum of Natural History / Anthropology Collections

1 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017 (original text: ‘L:42 W:14 H:3 (in CM)’)
4 entered by Clint Goss on March 24, 2017

Image courtesy of the American Museum of Natural History.

Culture: San Carlos Apache

AMNH 50 / 8717: San Carlos Apache ~1910 Rim-blown Flute

Crafting culture: San Carlos Apache1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: 1910 or before2; Date acquired: 19103; Overall length: 41.6(±0.5) cm4; Materials: BAMBOO, HIDE, PIGMENT3

Identification: AMNH Field No. A9533; Provenance: AZ, Basin, Southwest, USA3; Personnel: Donor: Dr. Pliny E. Goddard (Expedition)3; Disposition: In the American Museum of Natural History collection in New York City, catalog #50 / 8717.5

For more information: American Museum of Natural History / Anthropology Collections

1 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017 (original text: ‘Apache, San Carlos’)
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017
4 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017 (original text: ‘L:41.6 W:6.5 D:2.4 (in CM)’)
5 entered by Clint Goss on March 24, 2017

Image courtesy of the American Museum of Natural History.

AMNH 50 / 8904: San Carlos Apache ~1910 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: San Carlos Apache1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: 1910 or before2; Date acquired: 19103; Overall length: 30.8(±0.5) cm4; Materials: BAMBOO, HIDE3

Identification: AMNH Field No. A11603; Provenance: AZ, Basin, Southwest, USA3; Personnel: Donor: Dr. Pliny E. Goddard (Expedition)3; Disposition: In the American Museum of Natural History collection in New York City, catalog #50 / 8904.5

For more information: American Museum of Natural History / Anthropology Collections

1 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017 (original text: ‘Apache, San Carlos’)
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017
4 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017 (original text: ‘L:30.8 W:3.5 D:2.1 (in CM)’)
5 entered by Clint Goss on March 24, 2017

Image courtesy of the American Museum of Natural History.

Culture: San Felipe Pueblo

AMNH 50.1 / 5109: San Felipe Pueblo ~1911 Open-Block Flute

Crafting culture: San Felipe Pueblo1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: 1911 or before2; Date acquired: 19111; Overall length: 64.0(±0.5) cm3; Materials: CANE1

Provenance: NM, SANDOVAL COUNTY, SAN FELIPE PUEBLO, Plains, Southwest, USA1; Personnel: Donor: Dr. Herbert J. Spinden (Expedition)1; Disposition: In the American Museum of Natural History collection in New York City, catalog #50.1 / 5109.4

For more information: American Museum of Natural History / Anthropology Collections

1 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017 (original text: ‘L:64 D:2.5 (in CM)’)
4 entered by Clint Goss on March 24, 2017

Image courtesy of the American Museum of Natural History.

AMNH 50.1 / 5110: San Felipe Pueblo ~1911 Rim-blown Flute

Crafting culture: San Felipe Pueblo1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: 1911 or before2; Date acquired: 19111; Overall length: 42.0(±0.5) cm3; Materials: CANE, GOURD1

Provenance: NM, SANDOVAL COUNTY, SAN FELIPE PUEBLO, Plains, Southwest, USA1; Personnel: Donor: Dr. Herbert J. Spinden (Expedition)1; Disposition: In the American Museum of Natural History collection in New York City, catalog #50.1 / 5110.4

For more information: American Museum of Natural History / Anthropology Collections

1 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017 (original text: ‘A) L:42 D:2.5 B) D:9.5 H:8 (in CM)’)
4 entered by Clint Goss on March 24, 2017

Image courtesy of the American Museum of Natural History.

Culture: Sauk (oθaakiiwaki)

AMNH 50.2 / 2674G: Sauk (oθaakiiwaki) ~1924 Wrapped-Block Whistle

Crafting culture: Sauk (oθaakiiwaki)1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: 1924 or before2; Date acquired: 19241; Overall length: 53.5(±0.5) cm3; Materials: CANE, HIDE (BUCKSKIN)1

Provenance: OK, PAYNE COUNTY, CUSHING, Plains, USA1; Personnel: Donor: Alanson B. Skinner (Exchange)1; Disposition: In the American Museum of Natural History collection in New York City, catalog #50.2 / 2674G.4

For more information: American Museum of Natural History / Anthropology Collections

1 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017 (original text: ‘G) L:53.5 D:2.5 H) L:33 D:2.5 OVERALL L:50 (in CM)’)
4 entered by Clint Goss on March 24, 2017

Image courtesy of the American Museum of Natural History.

AMNH 50.2 / 2674H: Sauk (oθaakiiwaki) ~1924 wrapped-Block Whistle

Crafting culture: Sauk (oθaakiiwaki)1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: 1924 or before2; Date acquired: 19241; Overall length: 33.0(±0.5) cm3; Materials: CANE, HIDE (BUCKSKIN)1

Provenance: OK, PAYNE COUNTY, CUSHING, Plains, USA1; Personnel: Donor: Alanson B. Skinner (Exchange)1; Disposition: In the American Museum of Natural History collection in New York City, catalog #50.2 / 2674H.4

For more information: American Museum of Natural History / Anthropology Collections

1 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017 (original text: ‘G) L:53.5 D:2.5 H) L:33 D:2.5 OVERALL L:50 (in CM)’)
4 entered by Clint Goss on March 24, 2017

Image courtesy of the American Museum of Natural History.

Culture: Seminole (Yat'siminoli)

Payne #39: Woodrow Haney Seminole (Yat'siminoli) ~1985 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Seminole (Yat'siminoli)1 «Wikipedia»; (Unspecified)2; Instrument maker: Woodrow Haney1 — Muscogee (Mvskoke) (1919–1995); Date crafted: 1980's3; Overall length: 43.815(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 17 1/4' in)4

Identification: Wolf item #39, photos #243-2451

1 [Wolf 2003]
2 [Gatliff 2005] (original text: ‘(blank)’)
3 [Wolf 2003] (original text: ‘80's’)
4 [Wolf 2003] (original text: ‘L 17 1/4’)

Culture: Seneca (Onöndowága)

AMNH 50 / 6273: Seneca (Onöndowága) ~1906 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Seneca (Onöndowága)1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: 1906 or before2; Date acquired: 19063; Overall length: 43.7(±0.5) cm4; Materials: WOOD, STRING, HIDE, PIGMENT3

Provenance: USA3; Personnel: Donor: M. Raymond Harrington (Purchase)3; Disposition: In the American Museum of Natural History collection in New York City, catalog #50 / 6273.5

For more information: American Museum of Natural History / Anthropology Collections

1 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017 (original text: ‘Iroquois, Seneca’)
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017
4 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017 (original text: ‘L:43.7 W:3.3 H:2.3 (in CM)’)
5 entered by Clint Goss on March 24, 2017

Image courtesy of the American Museum of Natural History.

AMNH 50.2 / 4476: Seneca (Onöndowága) ~1940 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Seneca (Onöndowága)1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: 1940 or before2; Date acquired: 19403; Overall length: 56.5(±0.5) cm4; Materials: WOOD, SINEW, PLANT FIBER, HIDE?3

Provenance: NY, ONONDAGA COUNTY, ONONDAGA CASTLE, Northeast, USA3; Personnel: Donor: Estate of Decost Smith (Gift)3; Disposition: In the American Museum of Natural History collection in New York City, catalog #50.2 / 4476.5

For more information: American Museum of Natural History / Anthropology Collections

1 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017 (original text: ‘Iroquois, Seneca’)
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017
4 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017 (original text: ‘L:56.5 D:3 (in CM)’)
5 entered by Clint Goss on March 24, 2017

Image courtesy of the American Museum of Natural History.

MFA 17.2230: Andrew John, Jr. Seneca (Onöndowága) 1903 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Seneca (Onöndowága)1 «Wikipedia»; Instrument maker: Andrew John, Jr.1 — Seneca (Onöndowága) (1847–1907); Date crafted: 19031; Accession date: October 5, 19161; Overall length: 44.1(±0.1) cm2; Markings: In ink on side: ANDREW JOHN / Cat. 221480 / Acc: 41427 / SENECA [INDIANS] / NEW YORK STATE1

Provenance: Francis W. Galpin (1858-1945), Hatfield Regis, England; 1916, sold by Francis W. Galpin to William Lindsey (1858-1922), Boston, Massachusetts; 1916, gift of William Lindsey, in memory of his daughter, Leslie Lindsey Mason, to the MFA. (Accession Date: October 5, 1916), Object Place: Washington, DC, United States1; Disposition: In the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, cataloged as MFA 17.2230.3; Remarks: Cylindrical body constructed of two hollowed out halves of medium brown hardwood, bound together with twine in four places (one binding missing). Rectangular window covered by lead lip and external duct block with concave upper surface, each bound to body with twine. Proximal end flat with small blow hole at center. Six equally-spaced fingerholes with slightly chamfered edges, near center of body.1

1 Museum of Fine Arts catalog record as of April 14, 2017
2 Museum of Fine Arts catalog record as of April 14, 2017 (original text: ‘Length 44.1 cm, diameter 2.5 cm (Length 17 3/8 in., diameter 1 in.)’)
3 entered by Clint Goss on April 14, 2017

Image courtesy of The Museum of Fine Arts

MFA 17.2231: Seneca (Onöndowága) 19th century Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Seneca (Onöndowága)1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: 19th century1; Accession date: October 5, 19161; Overall length: 44.1(±0.1) cm2

Provenance: Francis W. Galpin (1858-1945), Hatfield Regis, England; 1916, sold by Francis W. Galpin to William Lindsey (1858-1922), Boston, Massachusetts; 1916, gift of William Lindsey, in memory of his daughter, Leslie Lindsey Mason, to the MFA. (Accession Date: October 5, 1916), Object Place: New York State, United States1; Disposition: In the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, cataloged as MFA 17.2231.3; Remarks: Cylindrical body constructed of two hollowed out halves of softwood, bound together with cotton cord in five places. Rectangular window covered by lead lip and external duct block with slanted upper surface, each bound to body with cotton cord. Proximal end slightly convex with small blow hole at center. Six equally-spaced fingerholes, with slightly chamfered edges, near center of body. Short wood pin (for unknown purpose) protruding from top surface near distal end.1

1 Museum of Fine Arts catalog record as of April 14, 2017
2 Museum of Fine Arts catalog record as of April 14, 2017 (original text: ‘Length 44.1 cm, diameter 2.7 cm (Length 17 3/8 in., diameter 1 1/16 in.)’)
3 entered by Clint Goss on April 14, 2017

Image courtesy of The Museum of Fine Arts

NMNH E248724: Seneca (Onöndowága) ~1908 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Seneca (Onöndowága)1 «Wikipedia»; Iroquois (Haudenosaunee)2 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: Before February 6, 19083; Accession date: February 6, 19084; Overall length: 36.195(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 14 1/4' in)5

Identification: NMNH Accession No. 0483184; Provenance: Grand River, Ontario, Canada, North America4; Personnel: Donor: George G. Heye4; Disposition: In the National Museum of Natural History collection of the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C., catalog #E248724:.6

For more information: Smithsonian Institution / Collections

1 Smithsonian Institution and the National Museum of Natural History catalog record as of February 26, 2017 (original text: ‘Iroquois (Haudenosaunee): Seneca’)
2 [Wolf 2002]
3 entered by Clint Goss, based on the accession date.
4 Smithsonian Institution and the National Museum of Natural History catalog record as of February 26, 2017
5 [Wolf 2002] (original text: ‘L 14 1/4’)
6 entered by Clint Goss on February 26, 2017

Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution.
Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution.

Payne #16: Seneca (Onöndowága) ~1930 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Seneca (Onöndowága)1 «Wikipedia»; Unknown2; Date crafted: About 1920's – 1930's3; About 1920's – 190's1; Overall length: 38.418(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 15 1/8' in)4

Identification: Munn auction lot #2673; Wolf item #16, photos #93-982; Auction history: October 21, 2005 by R. G. Munn Auctions: Sale price $375 ($475.22 including buyer's premium and tax), Estimate $400 - $800, Starting bid $2005; Remarks: Hot file burnt design, stylized animal baffle block, listed in flute book [page 33, figure 65, bottom], 15” long.1

Cited in: [Payne 1999], page 33, figure 65, bottom

1 [Gatliff 2005]
2 [Wolf 2003]
3 Auction by R. G. Munn Auctions on October 21, 2005
4 [Wolf 2003] (original text: ‘L 15 1/8’)
5 R. G. Munn Auctions catalog record as of October 21, 2005

Image courtesy of LiveAuctioneers.com

Payne #46: Seneca (Onöndowága) ~1945 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Seneca (Onöndowága)1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: About 1940's1,2

Identification: Munn auction lot #1732; Auction history: October 21, 2005 by R. G. Munn Auctions: Sale price $150 ($190.09 including buyer's premium and tax), Estimate $300 - $500, Starting bid $1503; Remarks: Chipmunk battle, spruce bindings, burnt design on top, listed in flute book [page 33, figure 65, center], 17.5” long.1

Cited in: [Payne 1999], page 33, figure 65, center

1 [Gatliff 2005]
2 Auction by R. G. Munn Auctions on October 21, 2005
3 R. G. Munn Auctions catalog record as of October 21, 2005

Image courtesy of LiveAuctioneers.com

Culture: Serbian

Serbian Major Diatonic Frula

Fingering sequence: 123–1231; Crafting culture: Serbian1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: February 9, 2012 or before2; Date acquired: February 9, 20121; Primary scale: Diatonic Major1 (steps: 2–2–1–2–2–2–1) «Wikipedia»

Provenance: Purchased by Clint Goss in person at Palm Guitars (www.PalmGuitars.com), Pedro Nunesstraat 12 1086XX Amsterdam, the Netherlands from the owner, Søren, on February 9, 2012.1; Disposition: In the collection of Clint Goss.3

1 entered by Clint Goss
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 entered by Clint Goss on April 15, 2017

Culture: Shawnee (Shaawanwaki)

NMAI 2/7606: Shawnee (Shaawanwaki) ~1890 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Shawnee (Shaawanwaki)1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: 1880 – 19001; Materials: Wood, hide thong/babiche, lead, cotton cloth, paint1

Provenance: Collected by Mark Raymond Harrington in 1910 during fieldwork sponsored by George Heye.1; Disposition: In the National Museum of the American Indian collection in Washington, DC, catalog #2/7606.2; Remarks: Techniques:Carved, perforated, wrapped, painted.1

1 National Museum of the American Indian, Smithsonian Institution catalog record as of August 28, 2010
2 entered by Clint Goss on April 6, 2017

Image courtesy of the National Museum of the American Indian Image courtesy of the National Museum of the American Indian Image courtesy of the National Museum of the American Indian

NMAI 10/2919: Shawnee (Shaawanwaki) ~1890 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Shawnee (Shaawanwaki)1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: 1880 – 19001; Overall length: 46.0(±0.1) cm2; Materials: Wood, hide thong/babiche, lead, german silver ("nickel silver"/copper-nickel alloy)1

Provenance: Collection history unknown; formerly in the collection of Dr. W.C. Barnard (William Clark Barnard, 1870-1945); acquired by MAI in 1920.1; Disposition: In the National Museum of the American Indian collection in Washington, DC, catalog #10/2919.3; Remarks: Place:Oklahoma; USA. Techniques:Carved, perforated, wrapped.1

1 National Museum of the American Indian, Smithsonian Institution catalog record as of August 28, 2010
2 National Museum of the American Indian, Smithsonian Institution catalog record as of August 28, 2010 (original text: ‘Dimensions: 46.00 x 2.60 x 2.50 cm’)
3 entered by Clint Goss on April 6, 2017

Image courtesy of the National Museum of the American Indian Image courtesy of the National Museum of the American Indian Image courtesy of the National Museum of the American Indian

Culture: Shoshone (Newe)

AMNH 50 / 1167: Shoshone (Newe) ~1900 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Shoshone (Newe)1; Date crafted: 1900 or before2; Date acquired: 19001; Overall length: 51.0(±0.5) cm3; Materials: WOOD, METAL, PITCH, HIDE, THREAD1

Identification: AMNH Field No. 3461; Provenance: WY, FREMONT COUNTY?, HOT SPRINGS COUNTY?, WIND RIVER INDIAN RESERVATION, Basin, USA1; Personnel: Collector: Alfred L. Kroeber; Donor: Mrs. Morris K. Jesup (Gift)1; Disposition: In the American Museum of Natural History collection in New York City, catalog #50 / 1167.4

For more information: American Museum of Natural History / Anthropology Collections

1 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017 (original text: ‘L:51 W:5.5 D:3.2 (in CM)’)
4 entered by Clint Goss on March 24, 2017

Image courtesy of the American Museum of Natural History.

DCM 790: Shoshone (Newe) ~1928 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Shoshone (Newe)1,2; Date crafted: Before May 16, 19283; Date acquired: May 16, 19281; Overall length: 53.340(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 21' in)4; 53.30(±0.05) cm1; Materials: Bamboo tube, lead flue plate, wood flue cover, leather thong.1

Provenance: From Albert G. Heath, Chicago, 16 May 1928.1; Disposition: In the Dayton C. Miller collection of the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., cataloged as DCM 790:.5; Remarks: Dayton C. Miller ledger entry: "Shoshone."1

For more information: Library of Congress / Dayton C. Miller Collection

1 Dayton C. Miller Flute Collection catalog record as of February 23, 2017
2 [Wolf 2002]
3 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
4 [Wolf 2002] (original text: ‘L 21’)
5 entered by Clint Goss on February 23, 2017

Image courtesy of the Library of Congress.

NMNH E153065: Shoshone (Newe) ~1891 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Shoshone (Newe)1,2; Date crafted: Before October 14, 18913; Accession date: October 14, 18911; Overall length: 53.340(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 21' in)4

Identification: NMNH Accession No. 0249311; Provenance: Not Given, Wind River Reservation, Wyoming, United States, North America1; Personnel: Donor: Emile Granier1; Disposition: In the National Museum of Natural History collection of the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C., catalog #E153065:.5

For more information: Smithsonian Institution / Collections

1 Smithsonian Institution and the National Museum of Natural History catalog record as of February 26, 2017
2 [Wolf 2002]
3 entered by Clint Goss, based on the accession date.
4 [Wolf 2002] (original text: ‘L 21’)
5 entered by Clint Goss on February 26, 2017

Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution.
Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution.
Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution.

NMNH E167723: Shoshone (Newe) ~1893 Wrapped-Block Flute

Crafting culture: Shoshone (Newe)1,2; Date crafted: Before October 6, 18933; Accession date: October 6, 18931; Overall length: 58.420(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 23' in)4

Identification: NMNH Accession No. 0274091; Provenance: Idaho, United States, North America1; Personnel: Collector and Donor: Dr. Edward Palmer1; Disposition: In the National Museum of Natural History collection of the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C., catalog #E167723:.5; Remarks: FROM CARD: "MADE FROM THE FLOWER STALK OF THE YUCCA. FLAGEOLET. MADE OF A HOLLOW PIECE OF WOOD WITH SIX FINGER HOLES BURNT IN. LENGTH 23 INCHES. INVENTORIED 1975."1

For more information: Smithsonian Institution / Collections

1 Smithsonian Institution and the National Museum of Natural History catalog record as of February 26, 2017
2 [Wolf 2002]
3 entered by Clint Goss, based on the accession date.
4 [Wolf 2002] (original text: ‘L 23’)
5 entered by Clint Goss on February 26, 2017

Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution.
Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution.

TL-WSU #12: John Pomosseno Shoshone (Newe) ~1900 Mid-range A Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Shoshone (Newe)1; Instrument maker: John Pomosseno1 — Ute (Nuutsiu); Date crafted: About 19001; Overall length: 543.0(±0.1) cm (⇇ 543' mm)1

Provenance: From the collection of Thurlow Lieurance. Restored to playing condition by Dr. Richard W. Payne in 1989.1; Disposition: In the Thurlow Lieruance collection at Wichita State University.2; In the collection of the Wichita State University since May 17, 1990.3

1 [Hensley 2002], page 19
2 entered by Clint Goss on 2002
3 [Hensley 2002], page 3

Culture: Siberian

Siberian Sviril

Fingering sequence: T123–1231; Crafting culture: Siberian1; Date crafted: February 22, 2013 or before2; Date acquired: February 22, 20131

Provenance: Gift of Vera's Russian relatives in St. Petersburg to Clint Goss by mail on February 22, 2013.1; Disposition: In the collection of Clint Goss.3

1 entered by Clint Goss
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 entered by Clint Goss on April 15, 2017

Culture: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta)

DCM 319: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) ~1923 Bird Whistle

Crafting culture: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta)1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: Before April 12, 19232; Date acquired: April 12, 19231; Overall length: 19.75(±0.05) cm1; Materials: Bone, with rawhide and thread wrapping, plus 2 rawhide thongs decorated with colored red and green porcupine quill.1

Provenance: From N. E. Carter, Elkhorn, Wisconsin, 12 April 1923.1; Disposition: In the Dayton C. Miller collection of the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., cataloged as DCM 319:.3; Remarks: Dayton C. Miller ledger entry: "Sioux Tribe."1

For more information: Library of Congress / Dayton C. Miller Collection

1 Dayton C. Miller Flute Collection catalog record as of February 23, 2017
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 entered by Clint Goss on February 23, 2017

Image courtesy of the Library of Congress.

DCM 345: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) ~1923 Bird Whistle

Crafting culture: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta)1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: Before June 22, 19232; Date acquired: June 22, 19231; Overall length: 21.10(±0.05) cm1; Materials: Bone.1

Provenance: From N. E. Carter, Elkhorn, Wisconsin, 22 June 1923.1; Disposition: In the Dayton C. Miller collection of the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., cataloged as DCM 345:.3; Remarks: Dayton C. Miller ledger entry: "Sioux Tribe."1

For more information: Library of Congress / Dayton C. Miller Collection

1 Dayton C. Miller Flute Collection catalog record as of February 23, 2017
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 entered by Clint Goss on February 23, 2017

Image courtesy of the Library of Congress.

DCM 494: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) ~1925 Bird Whistle

Crafting culture: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta)1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: Before September 26, 19252; Date acquired: September 26, 19253; Overall length: 22.65(±0.05) cm3; Materials: Cane(?), skin, leather thong.3; Condition: Crack at lower end (bottom).3

Provenance: From Bloch Mercantile, San Francisco, 26 Sept. 1925.3; Disposition: In the Dayton C. Miller collection of the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., cataloged as DCM 494:.4; Remarks: Dayton C. Miller ledger entry: "Sioux Indian Whistle."3

For more information: Library of Congress / Dayton C. Miller Collection

1 Dayton C. Miller Flute Collection catalog record as of February 23, 2017 (original text: ‘Sioux?’)
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 Dayton C. Miller Flute Collection catalog record as of February 23, 2017
4 entered by Clint Goss on February 23, 2017

Image courtesy of the Library of Congress.

DCM 526: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) ~1925 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta)1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: Before December 7, 19252; Date acquired: December 7, 19253; Overall length: 67.945(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 26 3/4' in)4; 67.90(±0.05) cm3; Materials: Soft wood, brass mouthpipe, lead flue plate.3; Condition: With pieces broken off and missing at both ends, the upper end appears to have been a standard Native American courting flute mechanism, including flue cover, a portion of the foot of which is still present. Unlike standard courting flutes, the fingerholes are in two groups of 3, and positioned unusually far apart.3

Provenance: From N. E. Carter, Elkhorn, Wisconsin, 7 Dec. 1925.3; Disposition: In the Dayton C. Miller collection of the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., cataloged as DCM 526:.5; Remarks: For its length, the 5 fingerholes are unusually high.; Dayton C. Miller ledger entry: "American Indian, Haida, Alaska."3

For more information: Library of Congress / Dayton C. Miller Collection

1 [Wolf 2002]
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 Dayton C. Miller Flute Collection catalog record as of February 23, 2017
4 [Wolf 2002] (original text: ‘L 26 3/4’)
5 entered by Clint Goss on February 28, 2017

Image courtesy of the Library of Congress.

DCM 527: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) ~1925 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta)1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: Before December 7, 19252; Date acquired: December 7, 19253; Overall length: 64.453(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 25 3/8' in)4; 65.30(±0.05) cm3; Materials: Soft wood, brass mouthpipe, thong.3; Condition: With pieces broken off and missing at both ends, the upper end appears to have been a standard Native American courting flute mechanism, including flue cover, a portion of the foot of which is still present. Unlike standard courting flutes, the fingerholes are in two groups of 3, and positioned unusually far apart.3

Provenance: From N. E. Carter, Elkhorn, Wisconsin, 7 Dec. 1925.3; Disposition: In the Dayton C. Miller collection of the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., cataloged as DCM 527:.5; Remarks: Dayton C. Miller ledger entry: "American Indian, Haida, Alaska."3

For more information: Library of Congress / Dayton C. Miller Collection

1 [Wolf 2002]
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 Dayton C. Miller Flute Collection catalog record as of February 23, 2017
4 [Wolf 2002] (original text: ‘L 25 3/8’)
5 entered by Clint Goss on February 28, 2017

Image courtesy of the Library of Congress.

DCM 529: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) ~1925 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta)1,2 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: Before December 15, 19253; Date acquired: December 15, 19251; Overall length: 63.80(±0.05) cm1; 62.548(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 24 5/8' in)4; Materials: Hard wood, painted or stained red, brown and yellow, brass mouthpipe, and with 5 feathers dyed various colors, attached with leather thong.1

Provenance: From N. E. Carter, Elkhorn, Wisconsin, 15 Dec. 1925.1; Disposition: In the Dayton C. Miller collection of the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., cataloged as DCM 529:.5; Remarks: Dayton C. Miller ledger entry: "Sioux Indian."1

For more information: Library of Congress / Dayton C. Miller Collection

1 Dayton C. Miller Flute Collection catalog record as of February 23, 2017
2 [Wolf 2002]
3 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
4 [Wolf 2002] (original text: ‘L 24 5/8’)
5 entered by Clint Goss on February 23, 2017

Image courtesy of the Library of Congress.

DCM 530: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) ~1925 Native American Whistle

Crafting culture: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta)1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: Before December 15, 19252; Date acquired: December 15, 19251; Overall length: 57.70(±0.05) cm1; Materials: Wood, quill flue cover, lashed with sinew (gut).1

Provenance: From N. E. Carter, Elkhorn, Wisconsin, 15 Dec. 1925.1; Disposition: In the Dayton C. Miller collection of the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., cataloged as DCM 530:.3; Remarks: Dayton C. Miller ledger entry: "Sioux Indian."1

For more information: Library of Congress / Dayton C. Miller Collection

1 Dayton C. Miller Flute Collection catalog record as of February 23, 2017
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 entered by Clint Goss on February 23, 2017

Image courtesy of the Library of Congress.

DCM 538: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) ~1925 Bird Whistle

Crafting culture: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta)1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: Before December 23, 19252; Date acquired: December 23, 19251; Overall length: 19.70(±0.05) cm1; Materials: Bone, covered with hide.1

Provenance: From N. E. Carter, Elkhorn, Wisconsin, 23 Dec. 1925.1; Disposition: In the Dayton C. Miller collection of the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., cataloged as DCM 538:.3; Remarks: Dayton C. Miller ledger entry: "Sioux Indian."1

For more information: Library of Congress / Dayton C. Miller Collection

1 Dayton C. Miller Flute Collection catalog record as of February 23, 2017
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 entered by Clint Goss on February 23, 2017

Image courtesy of the Library of Congress.

DCM 539: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) ~1925 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta)1,2 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: Before December 29, 19253; Date acquired: December 29, 19251; Overall length: 34.766(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 13 11/16' in)4; 36.30(±0.05) cm1; Materials: Soft wood, pine or spruce, brass mouthpipe. The flue cover is also of the same wood, carved in low-relief in the form of a turtle as seen from above.1

Provenance: From N. E. Carter, Elkhorn, Wisconsin, 29 Dec. 1925.1; Disposition: In the Dayton C. Miller collection of the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., cataloged as DCM 539:.5; Remarks: Letter from N. E. Carter, from whom he purchased DCM 539-546, states: "I was lucky to buy a wonderful collection of Sioux Indian flutes...purchased from a man who was a banker near the Sioux Reservation...[where] there were only three Indians who could make flutes."1

For more information: Library of Congress / Dayton C. Miller Collection

1 Dayton C. Miller Flute Collection catalog record as of February 23, 2017
2 [Wolf 2002]
3 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
4 [Wolf 2002] (original text: ‘L 13 11/16’)
5 entered by Clint Goss on February 23, 2017

Image courtesy of the Library of Congress.

DCM 540: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) ~1925 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta)1,2 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: Before December 29, 19253; Date acquired: December 29, 19251; Overall length: 47.60(±0.05) cm1; 46.038(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 18 1/8' in)4; Materials: Light wood, pine or spruce, stained clay red. Lead flue plate. The instrument is decorated with an orange and blue finely beaded sleeve.1

Provenance: From N. E. Carter, Elkhorn, Wisconsin, 29 Dec. 1925.1; Disposition: In the Dayton C. Miller collection of the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., cataloged as DCM 540:.5; Remarks: See DCM 539. DCM ledger: "Sioux Indian."1

For more information: Library of Congress / Dayton C. Miller Collection

1 Dayton C. Miller Flute Collection catalog record as of February 23, 2017
2 [Wolf 2002]
3 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
4 [Wolf 2002] (original text: ‘L 18 1/8’)
5 entered by Clint Goss on February 23, 2017

Image courtesy of the Library of Congress.

DCM 541: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) ~1925 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta)1,2 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: Before December 29, 19253; Date acquired: December 29, 19251; Overall length: 47.30(±0.05) cm1; 47.308(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 18 5/8' in)4; Materials: Redwood(?), leather thong. Brass mouth pipe, lead flue plate.1

Provenance: From N. E. Carter, Elkhorn, Wisconsin, 29 Dec. 1925.1; Disposition: In the Dayton C. Miller collection of the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., cataloged as DCM 541:.5; Remarks: Dayton C. Miller ledger entry: "Sioux Indian." See DCM 539. Tied into the upper retaining thong is a large bird feather to which is attached a piece of yellow ribbon further ornamented with a small swatch of red ribbon.1

For more information: Library of Congress / Dayton C. Miller Collection

1 Dayton C. Miller Flute Collection catalog record as of February 23, 2017
2 [Wolf 2002]
3 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
4 [Wolf 2002] (original text: ‘L 18 5/8’)
5 entered by Clint Goss on February 23, 2017

Image courtesy of the Library of Congress.

DCM 542: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) ~1925 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta)1,2 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: Before December 29, 19253; Date acquired: December 29, 19251; Overall length: 47.784(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 18 13/16' in)4; 49.00(±0.05) cm1; Materials: Pine, copper mouthpipe, lead flue plate.1

Provenance: From N. E. Carter, Elkhorn, Wisconsin, 29 Dec. 1925.1; Disposition: In the Dayton C. Miller collection of the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., cataloged as DCM 542:.5; Remarks: Dayton C. Miller ledger entry: "Sioux Indian." See DCM 539.1

For more information: Library of Congress / Dayton C. Miller Collection

1 Dayton C. Miller Flute Collection catalog record as of February 23, 2017
2 [Wolf 2002]
3 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
4 [Wolf 2002] (original text: ‘L 18 13/16’)
5 entered by Clint Goss on February 23, 2017

Image courtesy of the Library of Congress.

DCM 543: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) ~1925 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta)1,2 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: Before December 29, 19253; Date acquired: December 29, 19251; Overall length: 63.500(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 25' in)4; 66.20(±0.05) cm1; Materials: Soft wood, likely pine, stained red inside and outside. Brass mouthpipe, possibly from a shell casing. Lead flue plate.1

Provenance: From N. E. Carter, Elkhorn, Wisconsin, 29 Dec. 1925.1; Disposition: In the Dayton C. Miller collection of the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., cataloged as DCM 543:.5; Remarks: Dayton C. Miller ledger entry: "Sioux Indian." See DCM 539.1

For more information: Library of Congress / Dayton C. Miller Collection

1 Dayton C. Miller Flute Collection catalog record as of February 23, 2017
2 [Wolf 2002]
3 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
4 [Wolf 2002] (original text: ‘L 25’)
5 entered by Clint Goss on February 23, 2017

Image courtesy of the Library of Congress.

DCM 544: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) ~1925 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta)1,2 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: Before December 29, 19253; Date acquired: December 29, 19251; Overall length: 64.453(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 25 3/8' in)4; 65.80(±0.05) cm1; Materials: Pine, stained brown. Brass mouthpipe. Lead flue plate. Flue cover painted grey and white, and wearing a red collar.1

Provenance: From N. E. Carter, Elkhorn, Wisconsin, 29 Dec. 1925.1; Disposition: In the Dayton C. Miller collection of the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., cataloged as DCM 544:.5; Remarks: Dayton C. Miller ledger entry: "Sioux Indian." See DCM 539.1

For more information: Library of Congress / Dayton C. Miller Collection

1 Dayton C. Miller Flute Collection catalog record as of February 23, 2017
2 [Wolf 2002]
3 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
4 [Wolf 2002] (original text: ‘L 25 3/8’)
5 entered by Clint Goss on February 23, 2017

Image courtesy of the Library of Congress.

DCM 545: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) ~1925 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta)1,2 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: Before December 29, 19253; Date acquired: December 29, 19251; Overall length: 70.90(±0.05) cm1; 64.135(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 25 1/4' in)4; Materials: Pine. Brass tube mouthpipe with leather and red, white, and blue-colored straw. Lead flue plate.1

Provenance: From N. E. Carter, Elkhorn, Wisconsin, 29 Dec. 1925.1; Disposition: In the Dayton C. Miller collection of the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., cataloged as DCM 545:.5; Remarks: Dayton C. Miller ledger entry: "Sioux Indian." See DCM 539.1

For more information: Library of Congress / Dayton C. Miller Collection

1 Dayton C. Miller Flute Collection catalog record as of February 23, 2017
2 [Wolf 2002]
3 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
4 [Wolf 2002] (original text: ‘L 25 1/4’)
5 entered by Clint Goss on February 23, 2017

Image courtesy of the Library of Congress.

DCM 546: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) ~1925 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta)1,2 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: Before December 29, 19253; Date acquired: December 29, 19251; Overall length: 74.930(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 29 1/2' in)4; 76.10(±0.05) cm1; Materials: Redwood, leather thong, lead flue plate and brass shell casing mouthpipe. The uppermost thong has a feather attached.1

Provenance: From N. E. Carter, Elkhorn, Wisconsin, 29 Dec. 1925.1; Disposition: In the Dayton C. Miller collection of the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., cataloged as DCM 546:.5; Remarks: Dayton C. Miller ledger entry: "Sioux Indian." See DCM 539. The instrument is further decorated with arrow and geometric carving.1

For more information: Library of Congress / Dayton C. Miller Collection

1 Dayton C. Miller Flute Collection catalog record as of February 23, 2017
2 [Wolf 2002]
3 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
4 [Wolf 2002] (original text: ‘L 29 1/2’)
5 entered by Clint Goss on February 23, 2017

Image courtesy of the Library of Congress.

DCM 564: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) ~1926 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta)1,2 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: Before January 20, 19263; Date acquired: January 20, 19261; Overall length: 54.90(±0.05) cm1; 53.658(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 21 1/8' in)4; Materials: Soft wood, likely pine, stained dark brown. Leather, beads, nickel. Brass mouthpipe piece.1

Provenance: From N. E. Carter, Elkhorn, Wisconsin, 20 Jan. 1926.1; Disposition: In the Dayton C. Miller collection of the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., cataloged as DCM 564:.5; Remarks: Dayton C. Miller ledger entry: "Sioux Indian." DCM ledger records letter from N. E. Carter, dated 23 Jan. 1926: "Your remark that the Sioux flutes are so much alike...I explained in a previous letter...that the eight flutes...were sold me by a gentleman living near the Sioux Reservation, who told me only three Indians could make flutes...so that all young braves who wanted love flutes, must come to one of these old timers. So each tribe has certain totems, or ideas, that show in their handicraft, this accounts for their being more or less alike. But I feel sure all are strictly Indian pieces made for their tribe to use, and if obtained by a white man, they had to replace it when needed."1

For more information: Library of Congress / Dayton C. Miller Collection

1 Dayton C. Miller Flute Collection catalog record as of February 23, 2017
2 [Wolf 2002]
3 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
4 [Wolf 2002] (original text: ‘L 21 1/8’)
5 entered by Clint Goss on February 23, 2017

Image courtesy of the Library of Congress.

DCM 565: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) ~1926 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta)1,2 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: Before January 20, 19263; Date acquired: January 20, 19261; Overall length: 40.323(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 15 7/8' in)4; 40.00(±0.05) cm1; Materials: Soft wood, likely redwood, brass decorative tacks (see Notes), brass mouthpipe, leather sleeve with green and blue bead work, lead flue plate.1

Provenance: From N. E. Carter, Elkhorn, Wisconsin, 20 Jan. 1926.1; Disposition: In the Dayton C. Miller collection of the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., cataloged as DCM 565:.5; Remarks: Dayton C. Miller ledger entry: "Sioux Indian." The tube terminates at the lower end with a carved fish or bird's face painted yellow with red inside the mouth, and brass furniture tacks for eyes. Above that is a recessed area painted black. Above that is another natural wood section appearing to be a ferrule in that it is next to another recessed black painted section which also is largely covered with a leather sheath or ferrule tied into position and decorated with typical Native American small beadwork. The flue cover is carved in the form of a river paddleboat and painted red and black.1

For more information: Library of Congress / Dayton C. Miller Collection

1 Dayton C. Miller Flute Collection catalog record as of February 23, 2017
2 [Wolf 2002]
3 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
4 [Wolf 2002] (original text: ‘L 15 7/8’)
5 entered by Clint Goss on February 23, 2017

DCM 566: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) ~1926 Bird Whistle

Crafting culture: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta)1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: Before January 20, 19262; Date acquired: January 20, 19261; Overall length: 10.90(±0.05) cm1; Materials: Bone.1

Provenance: From N. E. Carter, Elkhorn, Wisconsin, 20 Jan. 1926.1; Disposition: In the Dayton C. Miller collection of the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., cataloged as DCM 566:.3; Remarks: Dayton C. Miller ledger entry: "Sioux Indian."1

For more information: Library of Congress / Dayton C. Miller Collection

1 Dayton C. Miller Flute Collection catalog record as of February 23, 2017
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 entered by Clint Goss on February 23, 2017

Image courtesy of the Library of Congress.

DCM 575: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) ~1926 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta)1 «Wikipedia»; Assiniboine (Hohe Nakota)2 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: Before March 30, 19263; Date acquired: March 30, 19261; Overall length: 36.513(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 14 3/8' in)4; 38.10(±0.05) cm1; Materials: Light wood, likely pine, stained brown, lead flue plate, wood flue cover stained a darker brown. Rawhide carrying cord or neck strap.1

Provenance: From N. E. Carter, Elkhorn, Wisconsin, 30 Mar. 1926. A note attached to instrument states: Flute belonged to the Sioux Indian, John Standing Bear.1; Disposition: In the Dayton C. Miller collection of the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., cataloged as DCM 575:.5; Remarks: Dayton C. Miller ledger entry: "Assiniboine Sioux Indian."1

For more information: Library of Congress / Dayton C. Miller Collection

1 Dayton C. Miller Flute Collection catalog record as of February 23, 2017
2 [Wolf 2002]
3 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
4 [Wolf 2002] (original text: ‘L 14 3/8’)
5 entered by Clint Goss on February 23, 2017

Image courtesy of the Library of Congress.

DCM 576: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) ~1926 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta)1 «Wikipedia»; Sisseton Wahpeton Oyate2 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: Before March 30, 19263; Date acquired: March 30, 19261; Overall length: 51.50(±0.05) cm1; 43.656(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 17 3/16' in)4; Materials: Soft wood, spruce(?), brass mouthpipe, lead flue plate, red pipestone flue cover. Securing thong at flue cover with remains of at least 3 feathers.1

Provenance: From N. E. Carter, Elkhorn, Wisconsin, 30 Mar. 1926. According to note accompanying instrument, it belonged to Benton Brave Hawk, Sisseton Sioux.1; Disposition: In the Dayton C. Miller collection of the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., cataloged as DCM 576:.5; Remarks: Dayton C. Miller ledger entry: "Sisseton Sioux Indian."1

For more information: Library of Congress / Dayton C. Miller Collection

1 Dayton C. Miller Flute Collection catalog record as of February 23, 2017
2 [Wolf 2002]
3 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
4 [Wolf 2002] (original text: ‘L 17 3/16’)
5 entered by Clint Goss on February 23, 2017

Image courtesy of the Library of Congress.

DCM 577: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) ~1926 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta)1,2 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: Before March 30, 19263; Date acquired: March 30, 19261; Overall length: 32.703(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 12 7/8' in)4; 34.40(±0.05) cm1; Materials: Wood, stained brown, with burned-in swastika and arrow designs. Carved greystone flue cover decorated with colored feathers and straw. Leather. Brass.1

Provenance: From N. E. Carter, Elkhorn, Wisconsin, 30 Mar. 1926.1; Disposition: In the Dayton C. Miller collection of the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., cataloged as DCM 577:.5; Remarks: Dayton C. Miller ledger entry: "Sioux Indian."1

For more information: Library of Congress / Dayton C. Miller Collection

1 Dayton C. Miller Flute Collection catalog record as of February 23, 2017
2 [Wolf 2002]
3 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
4 [Wolf 2002] (original text: ‘L 12 7/8’)
5 entered by Clint Goss on February 23, 2017

Image courtesy of the Library of Congress.

DCM 585: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) ~1926 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta)1,2 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: Before May 5, 19263; Date acquired: May 5, 19261; Overall length: 56.991(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 22 7/16' in)4; 59.70(±0.05) cm1; Materials: Soft wood, pine(?), carved snake stained light red clay color, traces of yellow paint still remain. Lead flue plate, cover of pipestone. Leather.1; Condition: The stone flue cover is either broken and missing a major portion of its original image, or purposely incomplete.1

Provenance: From N. E. Carter, Elkhorn, Wisconsin, 5 May 1926.1; Disposition: In the Dayton C. Miller collection of the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., cataloged as DCM 585:.5; Remarks: Dayton C. Miller ledger entry: "Sioux Indian."1

For more information: Library of Congress / Dayton C. Miller Collection

1 Dayton C. Miller Flute Collection catalog record as of February 23, 2017
2 [Wolf 2002]
3 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
4 [Wolf 2002] (original text: ‘L 22 7/16’)
5 entered by Clint Goss on February 23, 2017

Image courtesy of the Library of Congress. Image courtesy of the Library of Congress.

DCM 758: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) ~1927 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta)1,2 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: Before December 10, 19273; Date acquired: December 10, 19271; Overall length: 66.199(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 26 1/16' in)4; 66.10(±0.05) cm1; Materials: Soft wood, pine or spruce. Beaded decoration, brass mouthpipe, lead flue plate, cover carved of the same wood. 2 leather thongs, feathers, bird beak.1

Provenance: From N. E. Carter, Elkhorn, Wisconsin, 10 Dec. 1927.1; Disposition: In the Dayton C. Miller collection of the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., cataloged as DCM 758:.5; Remarks: Dayton C. Miller ledger entry: "Sioux." Unusually long flue cover secured with 2 leather thongs, the upper of which also supports through the nostrils, an eagle or hawk beak, painted red, as well as a group of feathers dyed red.1

For more information: Library of Congress / Dayton C. Miller Collection

1 Dayton C. Miller Flute Collection catalog record as of February 23, 2017
2 [Wolf 2002]
3 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
4 [Wolf 2002] (original text: ‘L 26 1/16’)
5 entered by Clint Goss on February 23, 2017

Image courtesy of the Library of Congress.

DCM 759: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) ~1927 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta)1,2 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: Before December 16, 19273; Date acquired: December 16, 19271; Overall length: 85.70(±0.05) cm1; 85.725(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 33 3/4' in)4; Materials: Soft wood, pine or spruce. Animal eyes are brass upholstery tacks, mouth contains maroon feathers.1

Provenance: From N. E. Carter, Elkhorn, Wisconsin, 16 Dec. 1927.1; Disposition: In the Dayton C. Miller collection of the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., cataloged as DCM 759:.5; Remarks: Dayton C. Miller ledger entry: "Sioux."1

For more information: Library of Congress / Dayton C. Miller Collection

1 Dayton C. Miller Flute Collection catalog record as of February 23, 2017
2 [Wolf 2002]
3 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
4 [Wolf 2002] (original text: ‘L 33 3/4’)
5 entered by Clint Goss on February 23, 2017

Image courtesy of the Library of Congress.

DCM 876: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) ~1929 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta)1,2 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: Before August 3, 19293; Date acquired: August 3, 19291; Overall length: 86.519(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 34 1/16' in)4; 86.40(±0.05) cm1; Materials: Soft wood, likely pine. Seam is covered with paper shims for most of the length. Lower end decorated with small colored feathers glued to exterior.1; Condition: Flue plate is missing, probably lead.1

Provenance: From Smith & Chandler, West Yellowstone, Montana, 3 Aug. 1929.1; Disposition: In the Dayton C. Miller collection of the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., cataloged as DCM 876:.5; Remarks: Dayton C. Miller ledger entry: "Sioux." Mouthpiece end is painted turquoise, and the large bird's head end is painted black or charcoal with 2 yellow dots for eyes, and decorative turquoise painted dots. Flue cover carved in the form of steps.1

For more information: Library of Congress / Dayton C. Miller Collection

1 Dayton C. Miller Flute Collection catalog record as of February 23, 2017
2 [Wolf 2002]
3 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
4 [Wolf 2002] (original text: ‘L 34 1/16’)
5 entered by Clint Goss on February 23, 2017

Image courtesy of the Library of Congress.

MFA 1984.315: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) ~About 1850 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta)1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: About 18502; Accession date: June 13, 19843; Overall length: 51.7(±0.1) cm4

Provenance: 1947, gift of Roberta Campbell Lawson, Tulsa, Oklahoma, to the Philbrook Museum of Art; after 1982, sold at auction, Santa Fe, New Mexico. Before 1984, Tad Johnson, London, England; by 1984, sold by Johnson to Douglas Deihl, Northampton, Massachusetts; 1984, gift of Deihl to the MFA. (Accession Date: June 13, 1984), Object Place: Possibly South Dakota, United States3; Disposition: In the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, cataloged as MFA 1984.315.5; Remarks: Cylindrical body of wood constructed in two halves, partially encased with heartsack (?) and bound together in six places with thin red sinew. Tied around body in nine places are strips of leather with dangling ends, one suspending sparrow-hawk claw and one suspending small strip of animal fur. rectangular window covered by external duct block of wood carved with shape of horse and bound to body with leather. Proximal end slightly convex with small blow hole at center. Six equally-spaced fingerholes in distal half of body.3

1 Museum of Fine Arts catalog record as of April 14, 2017 (original text: ‘Probably Sioux people’)
2 Museum of Fine Arts catalog record as of April 14, 2017 (original text: ‘mid-19th century’)
3 Museum of Fine Arts catalog record as of April 14, 2017
4 Museum of Fine Arts catalog record as of April 14, 2017 (original text: ‘Length 51.7 cm, diameter 2.7 cm (Length 20 3/8 in., diameter 1 1/16 in.)’)
5 entered by Clint Goss on April 14, 2017

Image courtesy of The Museum of Fine Arts Image courtesy of The Museum of Fine Arts

NMAI 10/4042: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) ~1850 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta)1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: About 18501; Overall length: 48(±1) cm2; Materials: Wood, cotton cloth, lead, sinew, hide thong/babiche, cotton twine/string, paint1

Provenance: Collection history unknown; formerly in the collection of William Letchworth Bryant (1871-1947) and possibly that of his father, William Clement Bryant (1830-1898); purchased by MAI from William Letchworth Bryant in 1921 using funds donated by MAI trustee Harmon W. Hendricks (1846-1928).1; Disposition: In the National Museum of the American Indian collection in Washington, DC, catalog #10/4042.3; Remarks: Place: Dakota Territory; USA. Techniques: Carved, chip carved, drilled, wrapped, tied1

1 National Museum of the American Indian, Smithsonian Institution catalog record as of April 6, 2017
2 National Museum of the American Indian, Smithsonian Institution catalog record as of April 6, 2017 (original text: ‘Dimensions: 48.00 x 7.00 x 3.00 cm’)
3 entered by Clint Goss on April 6, 2017

Image courtesy of the National Museum of the American Indian Image courtesy of the National Museum of the American Indian

NMNH E23724: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) ~1876 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta)1,2 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: Before June 27, 18763; Accession date: June 27, 18761; Overall length: 68.580(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 27' in)4

Identification: NMNH Accession No. 76A000701; Provenance: Devil's Lake Agency, Benson County, Dakota Territory / North Dakota, United States, North America1; Personnel: Donor: Col. Paul E. Beckwith1; Disposition: In the National Museum of Natural History collection of the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C., catalog #E23724:.5; Remarks: PROVENIENCE NOTE: IN THE LEDGER AND CARD CATALOG, "MINI WAKAN L." APPEARS AS PART OF THE LOCALE DESIGNATION. THIS IS VERY LIKELY A CORRUPTION OF "MINI WAUKON CHANTE," THE OLD INDIAN NAME FOR THE LAKE, WHICH EARLY SETTLERS HAD MISTAKENLY GLOSSED AS "DEVIL'S LAKE." (CFS/1995). FROM CARD: "A STICK OF CEDAR SPLIT LONGITUDINALLY AND EACH HALF HOLLOWED TO FORM WHEN PLACED TOGETHER TWO AIR CHAMBERS, THE LOWER ONE OPEN AT THE BOTTOM AND SEPARATED FROM THE UPPER BY A PARTITION OF SOLID WOOD 3/4 IN THICK, THE UPPER CHAMBER HAS IT UPPER END PERFORATED BY A SMALL HOLE THROUGH ITS AXIS. THE FRONT HALF OF THE INSTRUMENT OR SECTIONS HAS TWO SQUARE HOLES MADE CLOSE TO BUT ON OPPOSITE SIDE OF THE SOLID PARTITION. THE OUTER SURFACE ABOVE, BELOW AND BETWEEN THESE HOLES IS MADE PERFECTLY FLAT AND A PLATE OF ZINE OF THE SAME SIZE AS THIS FLAT SURFACE HAS A SLOT DOWN ITS MIDDLE OF THE SAME WIDTH AS THE SQUARE HOLES AND ITS LENGTH BUT A LITTLE SHORT OF THE DISTANCE FROM THE UPPER EDGE OF ONE HOLE TO THE LOWER EDGE OF THE OTHER. THIS ZINC IS PLACED ON THE FLAT PLACE MADE FOR IT AND ABOVE IT IS PLACED A CAP OF WOOD PERFECTLY FLAT ON THE SURFACE NEXT TO THE ZINE. THE WIDTH OF THE SLOT FORMING THE AIR. CONT. SEE CARD.1

For more information: Smithsonian Institution / Collections

1 Smithsonian Institution and the National Museum of Natural History catalog record as of February 26, 2017
2 [Wolf 2002]
3 entered by Clint Goss, based on the accession date.
4 [Wolf 2002] (original text: ‘L 27’)
5 entered by Clint Goss on February 26, 2017

Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution.
Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution.
Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution.

NMNH E76825: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) ~1886 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta)1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: Before January 6, 18862; Accession date: January 6, 18861

Identification: NMNH Accession No. 0170691; Provenance: Whitestone Hill Battlefield, Dickey County, Dakota Territory / North Dakota, United States, North America1; Personnel: Donor: Gov. Robert W. Furnas1; Disposition: In the National Museum of Natural History collection of the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C., catalog #E76825:.3

For more information: Smithsonian Institution / Collections

1 Smithsonian Institution and the National Museum of Natural History catalog record as of February 26, 2017
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the accession date.
3 entered by Clint Goss on February 26, 2017

Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution.
Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution.
Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution.

NMNH E94005: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) ~1882 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta)1 «Wikipedia»; Muscogee (Mvskoke)2 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: Before March 16, 18823; Accession date: March 16, 18824; Overall length: 55.880(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 22' in)5

Identification: NMNH Accession No. 0112154; Provenance: United States, North America4; Personnel: Donor: S A. Frost4; Disposition: In the National Museum of Natural History collection of the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C., catalog #E94005:.6; Remarks: ORIGINALLY CATALOGED AS CREEK. IDENTIFIED BY J. EWERS AS 'PROBABLY DAKOTA SIOUX'4

For more information: Smithsonian Institution / Collections

1 Smithsonian Institution and the National Museum of Natural History catalog record as of February 26, 2017 (original text: ‘Sioux (Not certain)’)
2 [Wolf 2002]
3 entered by Clint Goss, based on the accession date.
4 Smithsonian Institution and the National Museum of Natural History catalog record as of February 26, 2017
5 [Wolf 2002] (original text: ‘L 22’)
6 entered by Clint Goss on February 26, 2017

Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution.
Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution.
Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution.

NMNH E200563: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) ~1898 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta)1,2 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: Before September 14, 18983; Accession date: September 14, 18981; Overall length: 81.280(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 32' in)4

Identification: NMNH Accession No. 0340051; Provenance: Plains Northern, United States, North America1; Personnel: Collector and Donor: Emile Granier1; Disposition: In the National Museum of Natural History collection of the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C., catalog #E200563:.5; Remarks: FROM CARD: "FINELY WORKED OUT OF WOOD; END TERMINATING IN CRANE'S HEAD. 5 HOLES. ILLUS.: EWERS, JOHN C. PLAINS INDIAN SCULPTURE; FIG. 155, PG. 163. IDENTIFIED THERE AS BIRD HEAD COURTING FLUTE (BIRD IS PROBABLY LOON, OR GREAT NORTHERN DIVER); CEDAR WOOD PAINTED RED AND BLACK, BRASS-TACK EYES. INVENTORIED 1978. LOANED TO RENWICK GALLERY 2/18/82. RETURNED 1983."1

For more information: Smithsonian Institution / Collections

1 Smithsonian Institution and the National Museum of Natural History catalog record as of February 26, 2017
2 [Wolf 2002]
3 entered by Clint Goss, based on the accession date.
4 [Wolf 2002] (original text: ‘L 32’)
5 entered by Clint Goss on February 26, 2017

Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution.
Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution.
Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution.

NMNH E200587: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) ~1898 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta)1,2 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: Before September 14, 18983; Accession date: September 14, 18981; Overall length: 69.850(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 27 1/2' in)4

Identification: NMNH Accession No. 0340051; Provenance: Plains Northern, United States, North America1; Personnel: Collector and Donor: Emile Granier1; Disposition: In the National Museum of Natural History collection of the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C., catalog #E200587:.5; Remarks: FROM CARD: "HOLE BURNED THROUGH A PIECE OF WOOD. SIX HOLES. INVENTORIED 1978."1

For more information: Smithsonian Institution / Collections

1 Smithsonian Institution and the National Museum of Natural History catalog record as of February 26, 2017
2 [Wolf 2002]
3 entered by Clint Goss, based on the accession date.
4 [Wolf 2002] (original text: ‘L 27 1/2’)
5 entered by Clint Goss on February 26, 2017

Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution.
Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution.
Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution.

NMNH E270829: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) ~1916 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta)1,2 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: Before May 1, 19163; Accession date: May 1, 19164; Overall length: 59.690(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 23 1/2' in)5

Identification: NMNH Accession No. 0596884; Provenance: Not Given, Red Lake Reservation, Minnesota, United States, North America4; Personnel: Donor: Hugh T. Carter4; Disposition: In the National Museum of Natural History collection of the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C., catalog #E270829:.6; Remarks: ACCORDING TO HOLLIS LITTLECREEK, FLUTE MAKER, THIS IS A CHIPPEWA FLUTE (S. CRAWFORD, 2-13-86).4

For more information: Smithsonian Institution / Collections

1 Smithsonian Institution and the National Museum of Natural History catalog record as of February 26, 2017 (original text: ‘Sioux; Chippewa’)
2 [Wolf 2002]
3 entered by Clint Goss, based on the accession date.
4 Smithsonian Institution and the National Museum of Natural History catalog record as of February 26, 2017
5 [Wolf 2002] (original text: ‘L 23 1/2’)
6 entered by Clint Goss on February 26, 2017

Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution.
Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution.
Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution.

NMNH E286077: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) ~1914 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta)1,2 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: Before December 19, 19143; Accession date: December 19, 19141

Identification: NMNH Accession No. 0577491; Provenance: Plains Northern, United States, North America1; Personnel: Donor: E. W. Keyser1; Disposition: In the National Museum of Natural History collection of the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C., catalog #E286077:.4

For more information: Smithsonian Institution / Collections

1 Smithsonian Institution and the National Museum of Natural History catalog record as of February 26, 2017
2 [Wolf 2002]
3 entered by Clint Goss, based on the accession date.
4 entered by Clint Goss on February 26, 2017

Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution.
Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution.
Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution.

NMNH E303496: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) ~1918 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta)1,2 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: Before June 19, 19183; Accession date: June 19, 19181; Overall length: 55.880(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 22' in)4

Identification: NMNH Accession No. 0625551; Provenance: Fort Snelling, Dakota County, Minnesota, United States, North America1; Personnel: Collector: Gen. Edward D. Townsend; Donor: Mrs. E M. Chapman1; Disposition: In the National Museum of Natural History collection of the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C., catalog #E303496:.5

For more information: Smithsonian Institution / Collections

1 Smithsonian Institution and the National Museum of Natural History catalog record as of February 26, 2017
2 [Wolf 2002]
3 entered by Clint Goss, based on the accession date.
4 [Wolf 2002] (original text: ‘L 22’)
5 entered by Clint Goss on February 26, 2017

Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution.
Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution.
Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution.

NMNH E312892: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) ~1920 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta)1,2 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: Before February 20, 19203; Accession date: February 20, 19201; Overall length: 68.580(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 27' in)4

Identification: NMNH Accession No. 0646571; Provenance: Plains Northern, United States, North America1; Personnel: Donor: Mrs. John R. Devereux1; Disposition: In the National Museum of Natural History collection of the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C., catalog #E312892:.5

For more information: Smithsonian Institution / Collections

1 Smithsonian Institution and the National Museum of Natural History catalog record as of February 26, 2017
2 [Wolf 2002]
3 entered by Clint Goss, based on the accession date.
4 [Wolf 2002] (original text: ‘L 27’)
5 entered by Clint Goss on February 26, 2017

Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution.
Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution.
Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution.

NMNH E345984: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) ~1930 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta)1,2 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: Before April 28, 19303; Accession date: April 28, 19301; Overall length: 43.180(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 17' in)4

Identification: NMNH Accession No. 1098411; Provenance: Plains Northern, United States, North America1; Personnel: Donor: W. W. Anderson1; Disposition: In the National Museum of Natural History collection of the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C., catalog #E345984:.5

For more information: Smithsonian Institution / Collections

1 Smithsonian Institution and the National Museum of Natural History catalog record as of February 26, 2017
2 [Wolf 2002]
3 entered by Clint Goss, based on the accession date.
4 [Wolf 2002] (original text: ‘L 17’)
5 entered by Clint Goss on February 26, 2017

Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution.
Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution.
Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution.

NMNH E360240: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) ~1931 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta)1,2 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: Before March 20, 19313; Accession date: March 20, 19311; Overall length: 76.200(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 30' in)4

Identification: NMNH Accession No. 1136051; Provenance: Plains Northern, United States, North America1; Personnel: Donor: Victor J. Evans1; Disposition: In the National Museum of Natural History collection of the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C., catalog #E360240:.5

For more information: Smithsonian Institution / Collections

1 Smithsonian Institution and the National Museum of Natural History catalog record as of February 26, 2017
2 [Wolf 2002]
3 entered by Clint Goss, based on the accession date.
4 [Wolf 2002] (original text: ‘L 30’)
5 entered by Clint Goss on February 26, 2017

Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution.
Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution.
Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution.

NMNH E360243: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) ~1931 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta)1,2 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: Before March 20, 19313; Accession date: March 20, 19311; Overall length: 68.580(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 27' in)4

Identification: NMNH Accession No. 1136051; Provenance: Plains Northern, United States, North America1; Personnel: Donor: Victor J. Evans1; Disposition: In the National Museum of Natural History collection of the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C., catalog #E360243:.5

For more information: Smithsonian Institution / Collections

1 Smithsonian Institution and the National Museum of Natural History catalog record as of February 26, 2017
2 [Wolf 2002]
3 entered by Clint Goss, based on the accession date.
4 [Wolf 2002] (original text: ‘L 27’)
5 entered by Clint Goss on February 26, 2017

Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution.
Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution.
Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution.

Payne #25: Dan Red Buffalo Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) 1930 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta)1,2 «Wikipedia»; Instrument maker: Dan Red Buffalo1,2,3 — Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) (1882–1966); Date crafted: 19301; About 1930's2,3; Overall length: 60.325(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 23 3/4' in)4

Identification: Wolf item #25, photos #146-1531; Munn auction lot #8143; Auction history: October 22, 2005 by R. G. Munn Auctions: Sale price $1,300 ($1,647.43 including buyer's premium and tax), Estimate $800 - $1,500, Starting bid $4005; Remarks: Made by Dan Red Buffalo, painted design with a distal bird effigy, listed in flute book [page 27, figure 43, top], 24” long.2

Cited in: [Payne 1999], page 27, figure 43, top

1 [Wolf 2003]
2 [Gatliff 2005]
3 Auction by R. G. Munn Auctions on October 22, 2005
4 [Wolf 2003] (original text: ‘L 23 3/4’)
5 R. G. Munn Auctions catalog record as of October 22, 2005

Image courtesy of LiveAuctioneers.com

Payne #32: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) ~1925 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta)1,2 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: About 1920's2,3; Overall length: 70.485(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 27 3/4' in)4

Identification: Munn auction lot #9923; Wolf item #32, photos #198-2041; Auction history: October 23, 2005 by R. G. Munn Auctions: Sale price $3,000 ($3,801.75 including buyer's premium and tax), Estimate $1,200 - $2,000, Starting bid $6005; Remarks: Distal effigy representing a sand hill crane head opening and brass cartridge mouth piece, listed in flute book [page 27, figure 42], 28” long.2

Cited in: [Payne 1999], page 27, figure 42

1 [Wolf 2003]
2 [Gatliff 2005]
3 Auction by R. G. Munn Auctions on October 23, 2005
4 [Wolf 2003] (original text: ‘L 27 3/4’)
5 R. G. Munn Auctions catalog record as of October 23, 2005

Image courtesy of LiveAuctioneers.com

Payne #33: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) 1880 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta)1,2 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: 18801; About 1880's2,3; Overall length: 51.118(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 20 1/8' in)4

Identification: Munn auction lot #6203; Wolf item #33, photos #205-2101; Auction history: October 22, 2005 by R. G. Munn Auctions: Sale price $2,500 ($3,168.13 including buyer's premium and tax), Estimate $1,000 - $1,800, Starting bid $5005; Disposition: In the collection of Robert and Julia Gatliff.6; Remarks: Expertly carved pine flute with raised finger hole ridge, bought from Bob Ward, ex Dr. Mumury collection, reputedly played in last Sun Dance in Rapid City, listed in flute book [page 28, figure 45], 20” long.2

Cited in: [Payne 1999], page 28, figure 45

1 [Wolf 2003]
2 [Gatliff 2005]
3 Auction by R. G. Munn Auctions on October 22, 2005
4 [Wolf 2003] (original text: ‘L 20 1/8’)
5 R. G. Munn Auctions catalog record as of October 22, 2005
6 Personal communication: to Clint Goss on March 27, 2017

Image courtesy of LiveAuctioneers.com Image courtesy of Robert Gatliff.

Payne #36: Richard Fool Bull Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) 1965 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta)1,2 «Wikipedia»; Instrument maker: Richard Fool Bull1,2,3 — Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) (1887–1976); Date crafted: 19651; About 1950's2,3; Overall length: 60.008(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 23 5/8' in)4

Identification: Wolf item #36, photos #222-2281; Munn auction lot #7503; Auction history: October 22, 2005 by R. G. Munn Auctions: Sale price $400 ($506.9 including buyer's premium and tax), Estimate $700 - $1,200, Starting bid $3505; Remarks: Made by Richard Foolbull, carved and painted distal duck effigy [a narrow wedge shaped piece is missing from the beak], listed in flute book [page 28, figure 44, top], 23” long.2

Cited in: [Payne 1999], page 28, figure 44, top

1 [Wolf 2003]
2 [Gatliff 2005]
3 Auction by R. G. Munn Auctions on October 22, 2005
4 [Wolf 2003] (original text: ‘L 23 5/8’)
5 R. G. Munn Auctions catalog record as of October 22, 2005

Image courtesy of LiveAuctioneers.com

Payne #37: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) 1930 "Hunter" Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta)1,2 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: About 1930's2,3; 19301; Date acquired: 19721; Overall length: 50.483(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 19 7/8' in)4

Identification: Munn auction lot #11083; Wolf item #37, photos #229-2351; Personnel: former owner: Manny Goodman of Albuquerque5; Auction history: October 23, 2005 by R. G. Munn Auctions: Sale price $450 ($570.26 including buyer's premium and tax), Estimate $600 - $1,000, Starting bid $3006; Remarks: An unusual old flute from the collection of Manny Goodman of Albuquerque. Carefully made of western cedar, it is covered with a basic coat of brown paint over which is painted hunting scenes along both sides of the flute body. An Indian hunting buffalo is represented on one side and on the other a deer hunt is depicted. The baffle is in the form of a stalking Indian with yarn hair and a quiver on his back.5; Spacer block is of a stalking Indian, painted scene on sides, originally purchased from Manny Goodman, owner of the Covered Wagon in Albuquerque, listed in flute book [color photo inside cover], 19.5” long.2

Cited in: [Payne 1999], color photo inside cover

1 [Wolf 2003]
2 [Gatliff 2005]
3 Auction by R. G. Munn Auctions on October 23, 2005
4 [Wolf 2003] (original text: ‘L 19 7/8’)
5 [Payne 1999], page vii
6 R. G. Munn Auctions catalog record as of October 23, 2005

Image from [Payne 1999], inside front cover Image courtesy of LiveAuctioneers.com

Payne #38: Blackcrow Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) ~1977 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta)1,2 «Wikipedia»; Instrument maker: Blackcrow2,3 — Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta); Date crafted: About 19772,3; Overall length: 59.690(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 23 1/2' in)4

Identification: Munn auction lot #2863; Wolf item #38, photos #236-2421; Auction history: October 22, 2005 by R. G. Munn Auctions: Sale price $80 ($101.38 including buyer's premium and tax), Estimate $300 - $500, Starting bid $1502; Remarks: Plain Baffle block, carved effigy head end, made by Blackcrow, 23.5” long.2

1 [Wolf 2003]
2 [Gatliff 2005]
3 Auction by R. G. Munn Auctions on October 22, 2005
4 [Wolf 2003] (original text: ‘L 23 1/2’)

Image courtesy of LiveAuctioneers.com

Payne #50: Richard Fool Bull Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) ~1950 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta)1 «Wikipedia»; Instrument maker: Richard Fool Bull1,2 — Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) (1887–1976); Date crafted: About 1940's – 1950's1,2

Identification: Munn auction lot #3392; Auction history: October 22, 2005 by R. G. Munn Auctions: Sale price $250 ($316.81 including buyer's premium and tax), Estimate $400 - $700, Starting bid $2003; Remarks: Made by Richard Foolbull of St. Francis SD, western red cedar, simple baffle block, listed in flute book [page 28, figure 44, second from bottom], 24” long.1

Cited in: [Payne 1999], page 28, figure 44, second from bottom

1 [Gatliff 2005]
2 Auction by R. G. Munn Auctions on October 22, 2005
3 R. G. Munn Auctions catalog record as of October 22, 2005

Image courtesy of LiveAuctioneers.com

Payne #54: Richard Fool Bull Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) ~1955 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta)1 «Wikipedia»; Instrument maker: Richard Fool Bull1,2 — Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) (1887–1976); Date crafted: About 1950's1,2

Identification: Munn auction lot #7052; Auction history: October 22, 2005 by R. G. Munn Auctions: Sale price $2,700 ($3,421.58 including buyer's premium and tax), Estimate $450 - $800, Starting bid $2253; Remarks: Made by Richard Foolbull, most playable of his flutes within this collection, listed in flute book [page 28, figure 44], 21.5” long.1

Cited in: [Payne 1999], page 28, figure 44

1 [Gatliff 2005]
2 Auction by R. G. Munn Auctions on October 22, 2005
3 R. G. Munn Auctions catalog record as of October 22, 2005

Image courtesy of LiveAuctioneers.com

Payne #61: Richard Fool Bull Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) ~1950 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta)1 «Wikipedia»; Instrument maker: Richard Fool Bull1,2 — Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) (1887–1976); Date crafted: About 1940's – 1950's1,2

Identification: Munn auction lot #8942; Auction history: October 23, 2005 by R. G. Munn Auctions: Sale price $500 ($633.63 including buyer's premium and tax), Estimate $900 - $1,600, Starting bid $4503; Remarks: Made by Richard Foolbull, painted and carved duck end, the halves are starting to separate, listed in flute book [page 28, figure 44, second from top], 23.5” long.1

Cited in: [Payne 1999], page 28, figure 44, second from top

1 [Gatliff 2005]
2 Auction by R. G. Munn Auctions on October 23, 2005
3 R. G. Munn Auctions catalog record as of October 23, 2005

Image courtesy of LiveAuctioneers.com

PBH 09-8-10/75037: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) ~1890 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta)1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: 1880 – 19002; Overall length: 68.0(±0.5) cm3

Provenance: Donor: Mr. Lewis Hobart Farlow (1909), Collector: Rev. J. W. Millar (1895-1909)1; Disposition: In the Peabody Museum of Harvard, cataloged as #09-8-10/75037.4; Remarks: Inventory Description: Wooden flute, carved bird head on end, brass mouthpiece and bird eyes.1

1 Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University catalog record as of April 14, 2017
2 Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University catalog record as of April 14, 2017 (original text: ‘late 19th century’)
3 Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University catalog record as of April 14, 2017 (original text: ‘Overall: 68 x 4.3 x 3.5 cm (26 3/4 x 1 11/16 x 1 3/8 in.)’)
4 entered by Clint Goss on April 14, 2017

Image courtesy of The Peabody Museum

PBH 40-39-10/19398: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta)1 «Wikipedia»; Overall length: 52.5(±0.5) cm2

Provenance: Donor: Mr. Ernest T. Jackson (1940), Donor: Mr. Patrick T. Jackson (1940), Collector: Mr. Ernest T. Jackson (1872)1; Disposition: In the Peabody Museum of Harvard, cataloged as #40-39-10/19398.3; Remarks: Inventory Description: Flute, carved and red painted shaft, perforated, pipestone tuner, feathers1

1 Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University catalog record as of April 14, 2017
2 Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University catalog record as of April 14, 2017 (original text: ‘Overall: 52.5 x 28.5 x 2.5 cm (20 11/16 x 11 1/4 x 1 in.)’)
3 entered by Clint Goss on April 14, 2017

Image courtesy of The Peabody Museum

PBH 973-5-10/51928: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) ~1934 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta)1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: 1930 – 19391; Overall length: 64.5(±0.5) cm2

Provenance: Collector: Betty Rosenthal (? - Feb. 7, 1973), Geography/Provenience: North America/United States/South Dakota/Todd County/Rosebud, North America/United States/South Dakota/Todd County/Okreek1; Disposition: In the Peabody Museum of Harvard, cataloged as #973-5-10/51928.3; Remarks: Inventory Description: Flute, wood, bird beak design, painted design, leather fringe and band. Object Description: Wood flute with bird beak motif. Decorated with red, white, blue and green paint; leather fringe & eagle plume feathers.1

1 Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University catalog record as of April 14, 2017
2 Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University catalog record as of April 14, 2017 (original text: ‘Overall: 64.5 x 6.1 x 3.2 cm (25 3/8 x 2 3/8 x 1 1/4 in.)’)
3 entered by Clint Goss on April 14, 2017

Image courtesy of The Peabody Museum

Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta)1 «Wikipedia»; Overall length: 68.58(±2.54) cm (⇇ '27 in. length by 3 in. diameter' in)2

Provenance: George Shaw, Aspen CO. Hugh and Gay Eaton Collection, Aspen CO, acquired from the above.1; Auction history: May 21, 2015 by Sotheby's Auctions: Sold for $5,000 (including Buyer's Premium), Estimate: $5,000 - $8,0001; Remarks: Sioux Courting Flute, Central Plains, wood, hide, mineral and commercial pigments.1

1 Auction by Sotheby's Auctions on May 21, 2015
2 Auction by Sotheby's Auctions on May 21, 2015 (original text: ‘27 in. length by 3 in. diameter’)

Sotheby's auction image. Sotheby's auction image.

Vernon 517: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) ~1888 Wrapped-Block Whistle

Fingering sequence: 1; Crafting culture: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta)2 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: About 1875 – 19003; Overall length: 46.5(±0.5) cm4

Provenance: Received from the Jackson Hole Preserve on April 23, 1968, and cataloged by Joel H. Bernstein in August, September, or December of 1973.5; Disposition: In the David T. Vernon Indian Arts Collection at the Colter Bay Indian Arts Museum at Grand Teton National Park, Wyoming. In November 2011, it was relocated to the Western Archaeological and Conservation Center in Tuscon, Arizona.6

For more information: Flutopedia: Native American Flutes in the David T. Vernon Indian Arts Collection

1 entered by Clint Goss
2 David T. Vernon Indian Arts Collection catalog record as of May 16, 2011 (original text: ‘Sioux [Prairie Siouan]’)
3 David T. Vernon Indian Arts Collection catalog record as of May 16, 2011 (original text: ‘ca. 1875—1900’)
4 David T. Vernon Indian Arts Collection catalog record as of May 16, 2011 (original text: ‘2 cm × 46.5 cm’)
5 David T. Vernon Indian Arts Collection catalog record as of May 16, 2011
6 entered by Clint Goss on May 16, 2011

Image by Clint Goss. Image by Clint Goss.

Whirlwind Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta) ~1880 Native American Flute

Fingering sequence: 123–1231; Crafting culture: Sioux (Dakhóta / Lakȟóta)2 «Wikipedia»; Instrument maker: Whirlwind2; Date crafted: About 18802

Provenance: Found in a collection of western artifacts that made its way to the state of Virginia. Purchased by Jeff Calavan, with assistance from Richard W. Payne.2; Disposition: In the collection of Jeff Calavan.3

1 entered by Clint Goss
2 Personal communication: Richard Payne to Jeff Calavan on August 9, 2001
3 entered by Clint Goss on November 4, 2010

Image courtesy of Jeff and JoAnne Calavan. Image courtesy of Jeff and JoAnne Calavan.

Culture: Slovakian (Slovensko)

Dusan Holík Slovakian (Slovensko) Konsovka

Fingering sequence: 1; Crafting culture: Slovakian (Slovensko)1; Instrument maker: Dusan Holík1; Date crafted: May 11, 2006 or before2; Date acquired: May 11, 20061

Provenance: Gift of the flute maker, Dusan Holik, to Clint Goss in person at the Fujara Workshop hosted by Bob Rychlik in Mount Airy, Maryland on May 11, 2006.1; Disposition: In the collection of Clint Goss.3

1 entered by Clint Goss
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 entered by Clint Goss on April 15, 2017

Dusan Holík Slovakian (Slovensko) Very High G Major Diatonic Duct Flute

Fundamental pitch (design): G61; Fingering sequence: T12–T121; Crafting culture: Slovakian (Slovensko)1; Instrument maker: Dusan Holík1; Date crafted: May 11, 2006 or before2; Date acquired: May 11, 20061; Primary scale: Diatonic Major1 (steps: 2–2–1–2–2–2–1) «Wikipedia»

Provenance: Gift of the flute maker, Dusan Holik, to Clint Goss in person at the Fujara Workshop hosted by Bob Rychlik in Mount Airy, Maryland on May 11, 2006.1; Disposition: In the collection of Clint Goss.3

1 entered by Clint Goss
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 entered by Clint Goss on April 15, 2017

Peter Riley Slovakian (Slovensko) Very Low G Overtone Fujara

Fundamental pitch (design): G21; Fingering sequence: 2–T21; Crafting culture: Slovakian (Slovensko)1; Instrument maker: Peter Riley1; Date crafted: May 10, 2006 or before2; Date acquired: May 10, 20061; Primary scale: Overtone1 (steps: 1–1–1–1–1–1–1)

Provenance: Gift of the flute maker, Peter Riley, to Clint Goss in person at the Fujara Workshop hosted by Bob Rychlik in Mount Airy, Maryland on May 10, 2006.1; Disposition: In the collection of Clint Goss.3

1 entered by Clint Goss
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 entered by Clint Goss on April 15, 2017

Culture: South American

South American Tarka

Fingering sequence: 123–1231; Crafting culture: South American1; Date crafted: November 29, 2006 or before2; Date acquired: November 29, 20061

Provenance: Purchased by Clint Goss from Ted Ceplina on November 29, 2006.1; Disposition: In the collection of Clint Goss.3

1 entered by Clint Goss
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 entered by Clint Goss on April 15, 2017

South American Tarka

Fingering sequence: 123–1231; Crafting culture: South American1; Date crafted: November 29, 2006 or before2; Date acquired: November 29, 20061

Provenance: Purchased by Clint Goss from Ted Ceplina on November 29, 2006.1; Disposition: In the collection of Clint Goss.3

1 entered by Clint Goss
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 entered by Clint Goss on April 15, 2017

South American Tarka

Fingering sequence: 123–1231; Crafting culture: South American1; Date crafted: November 29, 2006 or before2; Date acquired: November 29, 20061

Provenance: Purchased by Clint Goss from Ted Ceplina on November 29, 2006.1; Disposition: In the collection of Clint Goss.3

1 entered by Clint Goss
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 entered by Clint Goss on April 15, 2017

Culture: Southern Arapaho (Náwunena)

DCM 777: Southern Arapaho (Náwunena) ~1928 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Southern Arapaho (Náwunena)1,2 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: Before April 14, 19283; Date acquired: April 14, 19281; Overall length: 54.30(±0.05) cm1; 54.134(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 21 5/16' in)4; Materials: Hardwood tube and flue cover, painted blue, red, and black. Cord bindings, feathers, iron tacks.1

Provenance: From Albert G. Heath, Chicago, 14 Apr. 1928.1; Disposition: In the Dayton C. Miller collection of the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., cataloged as DCM 777:.5; Remarks: Dayton C. Miller ledger entry: "American Indian, Southern Arapahoe, Oklahoma." Tube decorated with blue paint at end, plus red paint inside, and over the 3 cord bindings. Flue cover painted blue with black beak and red cone or head feathers, iron tacks for eyes. Darling.1

For more information: Library of Congress / Dayton C. Miller Collection

1 Dayton C. Miller Flute Collection catalog record as of February 23, 2017
2 [Wolf 2002]
3 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
4 [Wolf 2002] (original text: ‘L 21 5/16’)
5 entered by Clint Goss on February 23, 2017

Image courtesy of the Library of Congress.

Culture: Southern Cheyenne

Payne #3: Dick West Southern Cheyenne 1945 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Southern Cheyenne1,2; Instrument maker: Dick West1,2,3 — Southern Cheyenne; Date crafted: About 19482,3; 19451; Overall length: 58.103(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 22 7/8' in)4

Identification: Munn auction lot #4333; Wolf item #3, photos #14-191; Auction history: October 22, 2005 by R. G. Munn Auctions: Sale price $1,500 ($1,900.88 including buyer's premium and tax), Estimate $1,000 - $2,000, Starting bid $5002; Remarks: Made under the direction of noted artist and teacher Dick West at Bacone College, is bored with a twist bit in two sections that are joined by a wooden collar. Probably the inspiration for the later made, auction item #812. Listed in flute book [page 31, figure 55]. The flute is approximately 23” long.2

Cited in: [Payne 1999], page 31, figure 55

1 [Wolf 2003]
2 [Gatliff 2005]
3 Auction by R. G. Munn Auctions on October 22, 2005
4 [Wolf 2003] (original text: ‘L 22 7/8’)

Image courtesy of LiveAuctioneers.com

Culture: Southern Ute (Nunt'zi)

DCM 913: Southern Ute (Nunt'zi) ~1930 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Southern Ute (Nunt'zi)1,2 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: Before February 14, 19303; Date acquired: February 14, 19301; Overall length: 73.025(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 28 3/4' in)4; 72.90(±0.05) cm1; Materials: Unidentified wood, lead flue plate lashed with rawhide stained yellow with long fringe, 1 strand with fur, 2 are braided, 2 with blue feathers.1

Provenance: From Mike Kirk, Mannelito, New Mexico, 14 Feb. 19301; Disposition: In the Dayton C. Miller collection of the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., cataloged as DCM 913:.5; Remarks: Dayton C. Miller ledger entry: "Southern Ute."1

For more information: Library of Congress / Dayton C. Miller Collection

1 Dayton C. Miller Flute Collection catalog record as of February 23, 2017
2 [Wolf 2002]
3 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
4 [Wolf 2002] (original text: ‘L 28 3/4’)
5 entered by Clint Goss on February 23, 2017

Image courtesy of the Library of Congress.

Maker: Jerry Stidham

Jerry Stidham Low B Minor Native American Flute

Fundamental pitch (design): B31; Instrument maker: Jerry Stidham1 «Web Site»; Date crafted: November 15, 2015 or before2; Date acquired: November 15, 20151; Primary scale: Minor Pentatonic1 (steps: 3–2–2–3–2) «Wikipedia»

Provenance: Gift of the flute maker, Jerry Stidham, to Clint Goss in person at Native Rhythms Festival on November 15, 2015.1; Disposition: In the collection of Clint Goss.3

1 entered by Clint Goss
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 entered by Clint Goss on April 15, 2017

Maker: Pavol Smutney

Pavol Smutney Very Low G Overtone Fujara

Fundamental pitch (design): G21; Fingering sequence: 2–T21; Instrument maker: Pavol Smutney1; Date crafted: May 11, 2003 or before2; Date acquired: May 11, 20031; Primary scale: Overtone1 (steps: 1–1–1–1–1–1–1)

Provenance: Purchased by Clint Goss from the flute maker, Pavol Smutney, in person on May 11, 2003, with translation assistance from Tomas Kovac.1; Disposition: In the collection of Clint Goss.3

1 entered by Clint Goss
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 entered by Clint Goss on April 15, 2017

Maker: Ralph Sweet

Ralph Sweet Mid-range D Major Diatonic Irish Whistle

Fundamental pitch (design): D41; Fingering sequence: 123–1231; Instrument maker: Ralph Sweet1 «Web Site»; Date crafted: November 30, 2011 or before2; Date acquired: November 30, 20111; Primary scale: Diatonic Major1 (steps: 2–2–1–2–2–2–1) «Wikipedia»

Provenance: Purchased by Clint Goss in person from the flute maker, Ralph Sweet, during a tour of his shop on November 30, 2011.1; Disposition: In the collection of Clint Goss.3

1 entered by Clint Goss
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 entered by Clint Goss on April 15, 2017

Maker: Randy Stenzel

Randy Stenzel Mid-range C Minor Native American Flute

Fundamental pitch (design): C41; Fingering sequence: 123–1231; Instrument maker: Randy Stenzel1 «Web Site»; Date crafted: February 19, 2006 or before2; Date acquired: February 19, 20061; Primary scale: Minor Pentatonic1 (steps: 3–2–2–3–2) «Wikipedia»; Overall length: 73.35±0.05 cm3

Provenance: Purchased by Clint Goss in person from the flute maker, Randy Stenzel, at the Potomac Flute Festival on February 19, 2006.1; Disposition: In the collection of Clint Goss.4

1 entered by Clint Goss
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 Measured by Clint Goss on 2/15/2017: Valley brand stainless steel one-meter ruler using the metric scale.
4 entered by Clint Goss on April 15, 2017

Randy Stenzel Mid-range D Minor Native American Flute

Fundamental pitch (design): D41; Fingering sequence: 123–1231; Instrument maker: Randy Stenzel1 «Web Site»; Date crafted: February 19, 2006 or before2; Date acquired: February 19, 20061; Primary scale: Minor Pentatonic1 (steps: 3–2–2–3–2) «Wikipedia»; Overall length: 63.80±0.05 cm3

Provenance: Purchased by Clint Goss in person from the flute maker, Randy Stenzel, at the Potomac Flute Festival on February 19, 2006.1; Disposition: In the collection of Clint Goss.4

1 entered by Clint Goss
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 Measured by Clint Goss on 2/15/2017: Valley brand stainless steel one-meter ruler using the metric scale.
4 entered by Clint Goss on April 15, 2017

Randy Stenzel Mid-range Eb Minor Native American Flute

Fundamental pitch (design): Eb41; Fingering sequence: 123–1231; Instrument maker: Randy Stenzel1 «Web Site»; Date crafted: December 1, 2006 or before2; Date acquired: December 1, 20061; Primary scale: Minor Pentatonic1 (steps: 3–2–2–3–2) «Wikipedia»; Overall length: 64.60±0.05 cm3

Provenance: Purchased by Clint Goss by mail from the flute maker, Randy Stenzel, on December 1, 2006.1; Disposition: In the collection of Clint Goss.4

1 entered by Clint Goss
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 Measured by Clint Goss on 2/16/2017: Valley brand stainless steel one-meter ruler using the metric scale.
4 entered by Clint Goss on April 15, 2017

Maker: Susato

Susato Mid-range D Major Diatonic Tabor Pipe

Fundamental pitch (design): D41; Fingering sequence: T121; Instrument maker: Susato1 «Web Site»; Date crafted: November 30, 2011 or before2; Date acquired: November 30, 20111; Primary scale: Diatonic Major1 (steps: 2–2–1–2–2–2–1) «Wikipedia»

Provenance: Purchased by Clint Goss by mail from George Kelischek on November 30, 2011.1; Disposition: In the collection of Clint Goss.3

1 entered by Clint Goss
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 entered by Clint Goss on April 15, 2017

Maker: Tony Sawyer

Tony Sawyer Mid-range G Minor Native American Flute

Fundamental pitch (design): G41; Fingering sequence: 123–1231; Instrument maker: Tony Sawyer1; Date crafted: December 23, 2003 or before2; Date acquired: December 23, 20031; Primary scale: Minor Pentatonic1 (steps: 3–2–2–3–2) «Wikipedia»

Provenance: Purchased by Clint Goss at auction on EBay on December 23, 2003. Given to Karen Kurzawa at AOI August 5, 2005.1

1 entered by Clint Goss
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.

Maker: Vera Shanov

Vera Shanov Mid-range G Minor Native American Flute

Fundamental pitch (design): G41; Fingering sequence: 123–1231; Instrument maker: Vera Shanov1 «Web Site»; Date crafted: November 21, 20042; Date acquired: November 21, 20041; Primary scale: Minor Pentatonic1 (steps: 3–2–2–3–2) «Wikipedia»

Provenance: Made by Vera Shanov in a workshop led by Butch Hall at the Dallas flute retreat on November 21, 2004.1; Disposition: In the collection of Clint Goss.3

1 entered by Clint Goss
2 entered by Clint Goss, known to be the date crafted.
3 entered by Clint Goss on April 15, 2017

Maker: Yang Shangle

Yang Shangle Mid-range F Major Hexatonic Flute

Fundamental pitch (design): F41; Fingering sequence: 1T234–12342; Instrument maker: Mr. Yang Shangle2; Date crafted: April 3, 2006 or before3; Date acquired: April 3, 20062; Primary scale: Major Hexatonic4 (steps: 2–2–1–2–2–3)

Provenance: Purchased by Clint Goss in person in a market in Shanghai, China on April 3, 2006.2; Disposition: In the collection of Clint Goss.5

1 entered by Clint Goss, provisional - this entry needs to be checked!
2 entered by Clint Goss
3 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
4 entered by Clint Goss (original text: ‘"Bb" (Fmaj)’)
5 entered by Clint Goss on April 15, 2017

 
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To cite this page on Wikipedia: <ref name="Goss_2017_fcat_s"> {{cite web |last=Goss |first=Clint |title= Flute Catalog for the Native American Flute - S |url=http://www.Flutopedia.com/fcat_s.htm |date=15 April 2017 |website=Flutopedia |access-date=<YOUR RETRIEVAL DATE> }}</ref>