Flutopedia - an Encyclopedia for the Native American Flute

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Flute Catalog - Documentation

This section of Flutopedia provides a catalog of Native American flutes, including historical artifacts and contemporary flutes. The information is gathered from public and private collections.

If you know of additional flutes that are not listed on these pages, please contact me.

Quick Links

Image pages:  All Flutes   Old Flutes   Ancient Flutes   (shows only flutes with images)
List pages, sorted …  by Source   by Group   by Date   (brief summaries of all flutes)
Information:  Flute Catalog Documentation 
Detail pages:  A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z 


One of the goals of the Flute Catalog is to show all available information from various sources, and provide enough information for you to trace back where I got the information. Because of this, many fields have multiple value — this often occurs in the Date Crafted field — and the source of each value is noted in the footnotes.

Note that a single, primary, value is often needed. For example, a primary value for the Crafting Culture is needed since it is incorporated into the title of the instrument. In these cases, I have selected what I believed to be the most reliable information.

This Flute Catalog is an ongoing venture. New instruments and new metadata (information about the instrument) will be added and modified periodically. This can cause significant changes to the data provided — including the title for the instrument. Because of this, if you are citing information in the Flute Catalog, you need to provide the date and version that you are accessing the information. For example:

Clint Goss, Flutopedia Flute Catalog, http://Flutopedia.com/fcat.htm, retrieved mm/dd/yyyy.

Proprietary Information

To the best of my knowledge, I have not included information in the Flute Catalog that may be considered proprietary from both legal and ethical perspectives. Some measurements are provide - such as overall length - that I believe are not proprietary information. However, detailed measurements on individual instruments do not appear in this Flute Catalog.


The three summary pages provide brief entries for all the flutes, sorted by source, group, or date crafted. The title of the flute links to the detail page, with the full record for that instrument.

The detailed entries for each flute show all the information I have available and have entered so far, as well as photos I have from various sources. Here are some specifics:

  • The photos are from various sources. Hover over the photo to view the source information on that image. Click on the image to access a larger version.
  • Each item of metadata (information about the instrument) comes from a source, typically shown by a superscript and a footnote immediately below.
    • Many items are marked "entered by Clint Goss". These are observations or judgement calls that I have made when developing the database behind this Flute Catalog.
    • Items from published sources are shown in the footnotes. If the original source text is different from the entry shown, it is noted (this typically occurs in situation where I felt there were spelling errors in the source, or the source needed to be interpreted in some way).
  • The Date Crafted field is often subject to quite a bit of variability and interpretation. I have selected what I thought as the most reliable source for this information. This field is used to order flutes on the date crafted page, using the given date or middle of a date range.


This section documents how the metadata — the items about each instrument — are presented in the Flute Catalog.


Rich Dubé Mid-range A Major Diatonic Native American Flute Set [6 items]

Payne #23: Delaware (Lenni-Lenape) ~1955 Native American Flute


One of the components of the name of the flute is the culture from which it came. If the cultural affiliation of the flute maker is know, that is generally used as the culture.

However, which this may be useful in general, the specifics of cultural identification are frought with issues. Betty Austin Hensley describes this in [Hensley 2002], page 9:

The problems of specific [cultural] identification are profuse. Tribal Indians of the 19th and early 20th centuries were not isolated each tribe from the other, but had much contact. Often members of several tribes lived together on reservations or in Pueblos. There was intermarriage. It follows that a flute from the hands of one tribal maker could find itself the treasured property of a flutist from a different one. Or, flute making styles could be blended. That is only the beginning. …


For example: 43.815(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 17 1/4' in)

Fingering Sequence

For example: T123–123

For example: ∅

Fundamental pitch (design)

For example: Bb3

Primary Scale

For example: Diatonic Major (steps: 2–2–1–2–2–2–1)

Types of Flutes




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To cite this page on Wikipedia: <ref name="Goss_2022_fcat_doc"> {{cite web |last=Goss |first=Clint |title=Catalog of Native American Flutes - Documentation |url=http://www.Flutopedia.com/fcat_doc.htm |date=7 June 2022 |website=Flutopedia |access-date=<YOUR RETRIEVAL DATE> }}</ref>