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Flutopedia Symposium

A Timeline of Flute Development

This page provides a vertical timeline for the historical flutes and flute-related developments surveyed on Flutopedia.

The rightmost column shows a rough guide the ranges of various eras in development, based on the Pecos Classification with dates from [DOE 2008] West-wide Energy Corridor Final Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement, Volumes 1-4, appendix U, pages U-9 to U-16. These eras and their associated dates vary, sometimes widely, among different sources. Also, for an analysis of timeframes before the Early Basketmaker II era, see [Miller-MR 2004].

Some notes on the dates used in this timeline:

  • In cases where a date range is provided by radiocarbon dating, the center of the radiocarbon date range is given as a single date.
  • In cases where a broad range of dates could apply, the range is shown.
  • Approximate dates are marked by “circa”.
  • More hypothetical dates are marked by “Est.” (Estimated).
  • Dates that are subject to heated discussions, debates, and disputes are marked with “?”.

 

Europe and Asia The Americas North America Pecos Classification
Dates BCE
41,100
Divje Babe Artifact
   
41,000–40,000
Hohle Fels
Griffon Vulture Flute
   
35,000–31,000
Ulm Whooper Swan Flute
   
35,000–28,000
Ulm Mammoth Ivory Flute
   
33,000–18,000
Isturitz Flutes
   
circa 30,000
Dordogne Bone Flutes
   
5720–5620
Jiahu Gudi
  5720–5440
L'Anse Amour Flute

8000 – 1200

Archaic Era

    7000–4000
East-Texas Flute
3200–3050
Two Dog Pallete
   
2700–2500
Cycladic Flute Player
   
2500
Early Sumerian Flutes
   
  2170
Caral Flutes
 
2167
Wicklow Pipes
   
1446?–300?
Early Talmudic/Biblical Texts
    1200 BCE – 50 CE

Early Basketmaker II Era

899–800
Book of Songs
  756–203
Mammoth Cave
Reed Flute
433
Chinese Di Lacquered Transverse Flute
  300–150
Pre-Pottery Phase
Tularosa Cave Flutes
Dates Spanning BCE–CE
    396 BCE – 53 CE
Kin-Boko Reed Flutes
  300 BCE – 250 CE
Colima Culture Flutes
150 BCE – 500 CE
Pine Lawn Phase
Tularosa Cave Flute
Dates CE
    200–300
Talus Village Bone Flute
50–500 CE

Late Basketmaker II Era

  200–600
Nasca Flute
200–500
Hopewell Tradition Panpipes
    470–489
Obelisk Cave Reed Flutes
    500–700
Georgetown Phase
Tularosa Cave Flute
500–750 CE

Basketmaker III Era

  400–700
Multiple Flutes
500–750 (Est.)
Gypsum Cave Flutes
  600–900
Dresden_Codex
600–800
Bear Ruin Bone Whistles
    620–670
Broken Flute Cave Flutes
  700
Jaina Block Flute
 
     
    690–944
Pueblo Bonito Flutes
750–900

Pueblo I Era

    750–900
Grand Gulch Flute
    750–1250 (Est.)
Range Creek Fremont Flute
900–1150

Pueblo II Era

    1020–1160
Breckenridge Flute
1000–1400
Medieval Flutes
  1253–1284
Mummy Cave Flutes
1150–1350
Pueblo III Era
    1100–1350
Middle Mississippi Flutes
    1266–1277
The Nordenskiƶld
Spring House Flute
    1246–1286
The Betatakin Flute
1400–1600
Renaissance Flutes
  1350–1600
Upper Mississippi Flutes
1350–1600

Pueblo IV Era

    1375–1475
Poshuouinge Bone Flutes
1600–1760
Baroque Flutes
    1600–Present

Pueblo V Era

1760–1820
The Classical Flute
   
1810–1877
Boehm Flute Development
  1823
The Beltrami Flutes
    1825–1826
Hutter Winnebago Flute
    circa 1830
The Von Roenne Flute
    1832
George Catlin Pawnee Flute
    1833–1834
The Màndeh-Pàhchu Flute
    1845
Nancy Lewis Holding a Flute

 

 
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