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Comprehensive Scale Catalog: Ajnas

This page is part of Flutopedia's Comprehensive Scale Catalog ... a listing of many (many) tone sequences that can be played on Native American flutes.

This page shows only ajnas (scale fragments in the Arabic Maqam System of music theory) from the catalog.

The root note of each scale is shown in blue, such as Finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed.

Jins Mukhalif Sharqi

Fingerings on most contemporary six-hole pentatonic minor Native American flutes:

  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed openFinger diagram closed closed closed closed open openFinger diagram closed closed closed open closed open   or  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed open openFinger diagram closed closed closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed open closed open open   or  Finger diagram closed closed closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed open open open openFinger diagram closed open closed open open open

Fingerings on Anasazi-7 tuned Native American flutes:

  Seven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed closedSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed openSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed open open

Scale steps in semitones: 2–1

Scale degrees:
  in semitones: 0–2–3
  intervals: 1–2–m3
  Root, Major 2nd, m3

Pitches starting from C:
  C D D♯
  C D E♭

G cleffCDD sharpbarlineCDE flatEnd of staff

Pitch Class Set: {0,2,3}

Pitch Class Mapping: 13 (Hex D, Binary 1101)

This scale is a mode (rotation) of these other scales:
  Mode 2 of: Jins Saba Dalanshin and Jins Saba Zamzam

The name I use for this scale comes from: Maqam World

» This jins is listed in Arabic Maqam World1 ([MaqamWorld 2018] Arabic Maqam World), web page

1Web text: A variation of Jins Sikah with a lowered 3rd. Jins Mukhalif Sharqi has no ghammaz, and therefore no defined size. It is notated here with its tonic on E. Jins Mukhalif Sharqi is not part of any maqam scale and usually occurs as a modulation from Jins Sikah.

Jins Saba Dalanshin

Fingerings on most contemporary six-hole pentatonic minor Native American flutes:

  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed openFinger diagram closed closed closed closed open closedFinger diagram closed closed closed open closed open   or  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed open openFinger diagram closed closed closed open closed openFinger diagram closed closed open closed open open   or  Finger diagram closed closed closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed open closed open openFinger diagram closed open closed open open open

Scale steps in semitones: 1–2

Scale degrees:
  in semitones: 0–1–3
  intervals: 1–m2–m3
  Root, Minor 2nd, m3

Pitches starting from C:
  C C♯ D♯
  C D♭ E♭

G cleffCC sharpD sharpbarlineCD flatE flatEnd of staff

Pitch Class Set: {0,1,3}

Pitch Class Mapping: 11 (Hex B, Binary 1011)

This scale is a mode (rotation) of these other scales:
  Mode 2 of: Jins Mukhalif Sharqi

The name I use for this scale comes from: Maqam World

» This jins is listed in Arabic Maqam World1 ([MaqamWorld 2018] Arabic Maqam World), web page

1Web text: A special version of Jins Saba with its tonic on the 3rd degree. Jins Saba Dalanshin is a special case of Jins Saba which has no ghammaz, and therefore no defined size. Its melody is centered around its tonic, notated here on C. The intervals above the tonic are more or less identical to Jins Hijaz. The note that is 2 degrees below the tonic (in this case A) is a secondary tonic. Jins Saba Dalanshin occurs on the octave of Maqam Rast, which in this case becomes known as Maqam Dalanshin. It also occurs on the 5th degree of Maqam Shawq Afza.

Jins Saba Zamzam

Fingerings on most contemporary six-hole pentatonic minor Native American flutes:

  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed openFinger diagram closed closed closed closed open closedFinger diagram closed closed closed open closed open   or  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed open openFinger diagram closed closed closed open closed openFinger diagram closed closed open closed open open   or  Finger diagram closed closed closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed open closed open openFinger diagram closed open closed open open open

Scale steps in semitones: 1–2

Scale degrees:
  in semitones: 0–1–3
  intervals: 1–m2–m3
  Root, Minor 2nd, m3

Pitches starting from C:
  C C♯ D♯
  C D♭ E♭

G cleffCC sharpD sharpbarlineCD flatE flatEnd of staff

Pitch Class Set: {0,1,3}

Pitch Class Mapping: 11 (Hex B, Binary 1011)

This scale is a mode (rotation) of these other scales:
  Mode 2 of: Jins Mukhalif Sharqi

The name I use for this scale comes from: Maqam World

» This jins is listed in Arabic Maqam World1 ([MaqamWorld 2018] Arabic Maqam World), web page

1Web text: Jins Saba Zamzam (like Jins Saba) has an ambiguous size. It is notated here with its tonic on D and two ghammaz possibilities: the 3rd degree (notated on F) or the 6th degree (notated on B♭). Jins Saba Zamzam is the first jins in Maqam Saba Zamzam.

Jins Sikah

Fingerings on most contemporary six-hole pentatonic minor Native American flutes:

  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed openFinger diagram closed closed closed closed open openFinger diagram closed closed closed open open open   or  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed open openFinger diagram closed closed closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed open open open open   or  Finger diagram closed closed closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed open open open openFinger diagram open closed closed open open open

Fingerings on Anasazi-7 tuned Native American flutes:

  Seven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed closedSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed openSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed open open open   or  Seven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed openSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed open open openSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed open closed closed closed

Scale steps in semitones: 2–2

Scale degrees:
  in semitones: 0–2–4
  intervals: 1–2–3
  Root, Major 2nd, 3

Pitches starting from C: C D E

G cleffCDEEnd of staff

Pitch Class Set: {0,2,4}

Pitch Class Mapping: 21 (Hex 15, Binary 10101)

This scale is a mode (rotation) of these other scales:
  Mode 2 of: Jins Sikah

The name I use for this scale comes from: Maqam World

» This jins is listed in Arabic Maqam World1 ([MaqamWorld 2018] Arabic Maqam World), web page

1Web text: Root jins of the Maqam Sikah Family. Jins Sikah is a 3-note jins. It is notated here with its tonic on E and its ghammaz on G. Jins Sikah is the first jins in Maqam Sikah, Maqam Huzam, Maqam ‘Iraq, and Maqam Bastanikar.

Jins Mukhalif Sharqi

Temperament: 24-Tone Equal Temperament (24TET)
The 24 degrees of this temperament, in cents:
  0–50–100–150–200–250–300–350–400–450–500–550–600–650–700–750–800–850–900–950–1000–1050–1100–1150–1200

Scale steps in semitones: 3–2

Scale degrees:
  in cents: 0–150–250
  intervals: 1–n2–a2
  Root, Neutral 2nd, a2

Pitches starting from C: C D D+

G cleffCD quarter-flatD quarter-sharpEnd of staff

Pitch Class Set: {0,3,5}

Pitch Class Mapping: 41 (Hex 29, Binary 101001)

The name I use for this scale comes from: Maqam World

» This jins is listed in Arabic Maqam World1 ([MaqamWorld 2018] Arabic Maqam World), web page

1Web text: A variation of Jins Sikah with a lowered 3rd. Jins Mukhalif Sharqi has no ghammaz, and therefore no defined size. It is notated here with its tonic on E. Jins Mukhalif Sharqi is not part of any maqam scale and usually occurs as a modulation from Jins Sikah.

Jins Saba Dalanshin

Temperament: 24-Tone Equal Temperament (24TET)
The 24 degrees of this temperament, in cents:
  0–50–100–150–200–250–300–350–400–450–500–550–600–650–700–750–800–850–900–950–1000–1050–1100–1150–1200

Scale steps in semitones: 3–3

Scale degrees:
  in cents: 0–150–300
  intervals: 1–n2–m3
  Root, Neutral 2nd, m3

Pitches starting from C:
  C D D♯
  C D E♭

G cleffCD quarter-flatD sharpbarlineCD quarter-flatE flatEnd of staff

Pitch Class Set: {0,3,6}

Pitch Class Mapping: 73 (Hex 49, Binary 1001001)

This scale is a mode (rotation) of these other scales:
  Mode 2 of: Jins Saba Dalanshin and Jins Saba Zamzam

The name I use for this scale comes from: Maqam World

» This jins is listed in Arabic Maqam World1 ([MaqamWorld 2018] Arabic Maqam World), web page

1Web text: A special version of Jins Saba with its tonic on the 3rd degree. Jins Saba Dalanshin is a special case of Jins Saba which has no ghammaz, and therefore no defined size. Its melody is centered around its tonic, notated here on C. The intervals above the tonic are more or less identical to Jins Hijaz. The note that is 2 degrees below the tonic (in this case A) is a secondary tonic. Jins Saba Dalanshin occurs on the octave of Maqam Rast, which in this case becomes known as Maqam Dalanshin. It also occurs on the 5th degree of Maqam Shawq Afza.

Jins Saba Zamzam

Temperament: 24-Tone Equal Temperament (24TET)
The 24 degrees of this temperament, in cents:
  0–50–100–150–200–250–300–350–400–450–500–550–600–650–700–750–800–850–900–950–1000–1050–1100–1150–1200

Scale steps in semitones: 3–3

Scale degrees:
  in cents: 0–150–300
  intervals: 1–n2–m3
  Root, Neutral 2nd, m3

Pitches starting from C:
  C D D♯
  C D E♭

G cleffCD quarter-flatD sharpbarlineCD quarter-flatE flatEnd of staff

Pitch Class Set: {0,3,6}

Pitch Class Mapping: 73 (Hex 49, Binary 1001001)

This scale is a mode (rotation) of these other scales:
  Mode 2 of: Jins Saba Dalanshin and Jins Saba Zamzam

The name I use for this scale comes from: Maqam World

» This jins is listed in Arabic Maqam World1 ([MaqamWorld 2018] Arabic Maqam World), web page

1Web text: Jins Saba Zamzam (like Jins Saba) has an ambiguous size. It is notated here with its tonic on D and two ghammaz possibilities: the 3rd degree (notated on F) or the 6th degree (notated on B♭). Jins Saba Zamzam is the first jins in Maqam Saba Zamzam.

Jins Sikah

Temperament: 24-Tone Equal Temperament (24TET)
The 24 degrees of this temperament, in cents:
  0–50–100–150–200–250–300–350–400–450–500–550–600–650–700–750–800–850–900–950–1000–1050–1100–1150–1200

Scale steps in semitones: 3–4

Scale degrees:
  in cents: 0–150–350
  intervals: 1–n2–n3
  Root, Neutral 2nd, n3

Pitches starting from C: C D E

G cleffCD quarter-flatE quarter-flatEnd of staff

Pitch Class Set: {0,3,7}

Pitch Class Mapping: 137 (Hex 89, Binary 10001001)

The name I use for this scale comes from: Maqam World

» This jins is listed in Arabic Maqam World1 ([MaqamWorld 2018] Arabic Maqam World), web page

1Web text: Root jins of the Maqam Sikah Family. Jins Sikah is a 3-note jins. It is notated here with its tonic on E and its ghammaz on G. Jins Sikah is the first jins in Maqam Sikah, Maqam Huzam, Maqam ‘Iraq, and Maqam Bastanikar.

Jins Bayati

Fingerings on most contemporary six-hole pentatonic minor Native American flutes:

  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed openFinger diagram closed closed closed closed open closedFinger diagram closed closed closed open closed openFinger diagram closed closed open closed open open   or  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed open openFinger diagram closed closed closed open closed openFinger diagram closed closed open closed open openFinger diagram closed open closed open open open   or  Finger diagram closed closed closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed open closed open openFinger diagram closed open closed open open openFinger diagram open open closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed

Scale steps in semitones: 1–2–2

Scale degrees:
  in semitones: 0–1–3–5
  intervals: 1–m2–m3–4
  Root, Minor 2nd, Minor 3rd, 4

Pitches starting from C:
  C C♯ D♯ F
  C D♭ E♭ F

G cleffCC sharpD sharpFbarlineCD flatE flatFEnd of staff

Pitch Class Set: {0,1,3,5}

Pitch Class Mapping: 43 (Hex 2B, Binary 101011)

This scale is a mode (rotation) of these other scales:
  Mode 2 of: Jins Upper ‘Ajam and Jins Upper ‘Ajam
  Mode 3 of: and Jins Upper Rast

The name I use for this scale comes from: Maqam World

» This jins is listed in Arabic Maqam World1 ([MaqamWorld 2018] Arabic Maqam World), web page

1Web text: Root jins of the Maqam Bayati Family. Jins Bayati is a 4-note jins. It is notated here with its tonic on D and its ghammaz on G. Jins Bayati is the first jins in Maqam Bayati.

Jins Hijaz

Fingerings on most contemporary six-hole pentatonic minor Native American flutes:

  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed openFinger diagram closed closed closed closed open closedFinger diagram closed closed closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed open closed open open   or  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed open openFinger diagram closed closed closed open closed openFinger diagram closed closed open open open openFinger diagram closed open closed open open open   or  Finger diagram closed closed closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed open closed open openFinger diagram open closed closed open open openFinger diagram open open closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed

Fingerings on Anasazi-7 tuned Native American flutes:

  Seven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed openSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed open openSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed open closed closed closedSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed open open open open

Scale steps in semitones: 1–3–1

Scale degrees:
  in semitones: 0–1–4–5
  intervals: 1–m2–3–4
  Root, Minor 2nd, Major 3rd, 4

Pitches starting from C:
  C C♯ E F
  C D♭ E F

G cleffCC sharpEFbarlineCD flatEFEnd of staff

Pitch Class Set: {0,1,4,5}

Pitch Class Mapping: 51 (Hex 33, Binary 110011)

The name I use for this scale comes from: Maqam World

» This jins is listed in Arabic Maqam World1 ([MaqamWorld 2018] Arabic Maqam World), web page

1Web text: Root jins of the Maqam Hijaz Family. Jins Hijaz is a 4-note jins. It is notated here with its tonic on D and its ghammaz on G. The interval between the 2nd and 3rd degrees is usually played smaller than notated by raising the 2nd a little and lowering the 3rd a little. Jins Hijaz is the first jins in Maqam Hijaz, Maqam Hijazkar, and Maqam Zanjaran.

Jins Hijaz Murassa‘

Fingerings on most contemporary six-hole pentatonic minor Native American flutes:

  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed openFinger diagram closed closed closed closed open closedFinger diagram closed closed closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed open closed open open   or  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed open openFinger diagram closed closed closed open closed openFinger diagram closed closed open open open openFinger diagram closed open closed open open open   or  Finger diagram closed closed closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed open closed open openFinger diagram open closed closed open open openFinger diagram open open closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed

Fingerings on Anasazi-7 tuned Native American flutes:

  Seven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed openSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed open openSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed open closed closed closedSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed open open open open

Scale steps in semitones: 1–3–1

Scale degrees:
  in semitones: 0–1–4–5
  intervals: 1–m2–3–4
  Root, Minor 2nd, Major 3rd, 4

Pitches starting from C:
  C C♯ E F
  C D♭ E F

G cleffCC sharpEFbarlineCD flatEFEnd of staff

Pitch Class Set: {0,1,4,5}

Pitch Class Mapping: 51 (Hex 33, Binary 110011)

The name I use for this scale comes from: Maqam World

» This jins is listed in Arabic Maqam World1 ([MaqamWorld 2018] Arabic Maqam World), web page

1Web text: A variation of Jins Hijaz with a lowered 5th. Jins Hijaz Murassa‘ is a 4-note jins. It is notated here with its tonic on D and its ghammaz on G. Jins Hijaz Murassa‘ is not part of any maqam scale and usually occurs as a modulation from Jins Hijaz, most in Maqam Hijazkar.

Jins Kurd

Fingerings on most contemporary six-hole pentatonic minor Native American flutes:

  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed openFinger diagram closed closed closed closed open closedFinger diagram closed closed closed open closed openFinger diagram closed closed open closed open open   or  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed open openFinger diagram closed closed closed open closed openFinger diagram closed closed open closed open openFinger diagram closed open closed open open open   or  Finger diagram closed closed closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed open closed open openFinger diagram closed open closed open open openFinger diagram open open closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed

Scale steps in semitones: 1–2–2

Scale degrees:
  in semitones: 0–1–3–5
  intervals: 1–m2–m3–4
  Root, Minor 2nd, Minor 3rd, 4

Pitches starting from C:
  C C♯ D♯ F
  C D♭ E♭ F

G cleffCC sharpD sharpFbarlineCD flatE flatFEnd of staff

Pitch Class Set: {0,1,3,5}

Pitch Class Mapping: 43 (Hex 2B, Binary 101011)

This scale is a mode (rotation) of these other scales:
  Mode 2 of: Jins Upper ‘Ajam and Jins Upper ‘Ajam
  Mode 3 of: and Jins Upper Rast

The name I use for this scale comes from: Maqam World

» This jins is listed in Arabic Maqam World1 ([MaqamWorld 2018] Arabic Maqam World), web page

1Web text: Root jins of the Maqam Kurd Family. Jins Kurd is a 4-note jins. It is notated here with its tonic on D and its ghammaz on G. Jins Kurd is the first jins in Maqam Kurd.

Jins Lami

Fingerings on most contemporary six-hole pentatonic minor Native American flutes:

  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed openFinger diagram closed closed closed closed open closedFinger diagram closed closed closed open closed openFinger diagram closed closed open closed open open   or  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed open openFinger diagram closed closed closed open closed openFinger diagram closed closed open closed open openFinger diagram closed open closed open open open   or  Finger diagram closed closed closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed open closed open openFinger diagram closed open closed open open openFinger diagram open open closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed

Scale steps in semitones: 1–2–2

Scale degrees:
  in semitones: 0–1–3–5
  intervals: 1–m2–m3–4
  Root, Minor 2nd, Minor 3rd, 4

Pitches starting from C:
  C C♯ D♯ F
  C D♭ E♭ F

G cleffCC sharpD sharpFbarlineCD flatE flatFEnd of staff

Pitch Class Set: {0,1,3,5}

Pitch Class Mapping: 43 (Hex 2B, Binary 101011)

This scale is a mode (rotation) of these other scales:
  Mode 2 of: Jins Upper ‘Ajam and Jins Upper ‘Ajam
  Mode 3 of: and Jins Upper Rast

The name I use for this scale comes from: Maqam World

» This jins is listed in Arabic Maqam World1 ([MaqamWorld 2018] Arabic Maqam World), web page

1Web text: Jins Lami is a 4-note jins. It is notated here with its tonic on D and its ghammaz on G. Jins Lami is the first jins in Maqam Lami.

Jins Musta'ar

Fingerings on most contemporary six-hole pentatonic minor Native American flutes:

  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed openFinger diagram closed closed closed closed open openFinger diagram closed closed closed open closed openFinger diagram closed closed open closed open open   or  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed open openFinger diagram closed closed closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed open closed open openFinger diagram closed open closed open open open   or  Finger diagram closed closed closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed open open open openFinger diagram closed open closed open open openFinger diagram open open closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed

Scale steps in semitones: 2–1–2

Scale degrees:
  in semitones: 0–2–3–5
  intervals: 1–2–m3–4
  Root, Major 2nd, Minor 3rd, 4

Pitches starting from C:
  C D D♯ F
  C D E♭ F

G cleffCDD sharpFbarlineCDE flatFEnd of staff

Pitch Class Set: {0,2,3,5}

Pitch Class Mapping: 45 (Hex 2D, Binary 101101)

This scale is a mode (rotation) of these other scales:
  Mode 2 of: Jins Bayati and Jins Kurd
  Mode 3 of: Jins Upper ‘Ajam and Jins Upper ‘Ajam

The name I use for this scale comes from: Maqam World

» This jins is listed in Arabic Maqam World1 ([MaqamWorld 2018] Arabic Maqam World), web page

1Web text: A variation of Jins Sikah with a raised 2nd. Jins Musta‘ar is a 3-note jins. It is notated here with its tonic on E and its ghammaz on G. Jins Musta‘ar is the first jins in Maqam Musta‘ar.

Jins Upper ‘Ajam

Fingerings on most contemporary six-hole pentatonic minor Native American flutes:

  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed openFinger diagram closed closed closed closed open openFinger diagram closed closed closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed open closed open open   or  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed open openFinger diagram closed closed closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed open open open openFinger diagram closed open closed open open open   or  Finger diagram closed closed closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed open open open openFinger diagram open closed closed open open openFinger diagram open open closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed

Fingerings on Anasazi-7 tuned Native American flutes:

  Seven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed openSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed open open openSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed open closed closed closedSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed open open open open

Scale steps in semitones: 2–2–1

Scale degrees:
  in semitones: 0–2–4–5
  intervals: 1–2–3–4
  Root, Major 2nd, Major 3rd, 4

Pitches starting from C: C D E F

G cleffCDEFEnd of staff

Pitch Class Set: {0,2,4,5}

Pitch Class Mapping: 53 (Hex 35, Binary 110101)

This scale is a mode (rotation) of these other scales:
  Mode 2 of: and Jins Upper Rast
  Mode 3 of: Jins Bayati and Jins Kurd

The name I use for this scale comes from: Maqam World

» This jins is listed in Arabic Maqam World1 ([MaqamWorld 2018] Arabic Maqam World), web page

1Web text: A 4-note version of Jins Ajam with the tonic on top. Jins Upper ‘Ajam is a 4-note version of Jins ‘Ajam, with the unusual feature (shared by Jins Upper Rast) that its tonic is the last degree in the scale instead of the first. It is notated here with its ghammaz on G and its tonic on C. Jins Upper ‘Ajam is the second jins in Maqam ‘Ajam and also occurs on the 3rd degree of Maqam Bayati.

Jins Upper Rast

Fingerings on most contemporary six-hole pentatonic minor Native American flutes:

  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed openFinger diagram closed closed closed closed open openFinger diagram closed closed closed open closed openFinger diagram closed closed open closed open open   or  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed open openFinger diagram closed closed closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed open closed open openFinger diagram closed open closed open open open   or  Finger diagram closed closed closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed open open open openFinger diagram closed open closed open open openFinger diagram open open closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed

Scale steps in semitones: 2–1–2

Scale degrees:
  in semitones: 0–2–3–5
  intervals: 1–2–m3–4
  Root, Major 2nd, Minor 3rd, 4

Pitches starting from C:
  C D D♯ F
  C D E♭ F

G cleffCDD sharpFbarlineCDE flatFEnd of staff

Pitch Class Set: {0,2,3,5}

Pitch Class Mapping: 45 (Hex 2D, Binary 101101)

This scale is a mode (rotation) of these other scales:
  Mode 2 of: Jins Bayati and Jins Kurd
  Mode 3 of: Jins Upper ‘Ajam and Jins Upper ‘Ajam

The name I use for this scale comes from: Maqam World

» This jins is listed in Arabic Maqam World1 ([MaqamWorld 2018] Arabic Maqam World), web page

1Web text: A 4-note version of Jins Rast with the tonic on top. Jins Upper Rast is a 4-note version of Jins Rast, with the unusual feature (shared by Jins Upper ‘Ajam) that its tonic is the last degree in the scale instead of the first. It is notated here with its ghammaz on G and its tonic on C. Jins Upper Rast is the second jins in Maqam Rast and also occurs on the 5th degree of Maqam Jiharkah.

Jins Bayati

Temperament: 24-Tone Equal Temperament (24TET)
The 24 degrees of this temperament, in cents:
  0–50–100–150–200–250–300–350–400–450–500–550–600–650–700–750–800–850–900–950–1000–1050–1100–1150–1200

Scale steps in semitones: 3–3–2

Scale degrees:
  in cents: 0–150–300–400
  intervals: 1–n2–m3–3
  Root, Neutral 2nd, Minor 3rd, 3

Pitches starting from C:
  C D D♯ E
  C D E♭ E

G cleffCD quarter-flatD sharpEbarlineCD quarter-flatE flatEEnd of staff

Pitch Class Set: {0,3,6,8}

Pitch Class Mapping: 329 (Hex 149, Binary 101001001)

The name I use for this scale comes from: Maqam World

» This jins is listed in Arabic Maqam World1 ([MaqamWorld 2018] Arabic Maqam World), web page

1Web text: Root jins of the Maqam Bayati Family. Jins Bayati is a 4-note jins. It is notated here with its tonic on D and its ghammaz on G. Jins Bayati is the first jins in Maqam Bayati.

Jins Hijaz

Temperament: 24-Tone Equal Temperament (24TET)
The 24 degrees of this temperament, in cents:
  0–50–100–150–200–250–300–350–400–450–500–550–600–650–700–750–800–850–900–950–1000–1050–1100–1150–1200

Scale steps in semitones: 3–5–2

Scale degrees:
  in cents: 0–150–400–500
  intervals: 1–n2–3–4
  Root, Neutral 2nd, Major 3rd, 4

Pitches starting from C: C D E F

G cleffCD quarter-flatEFEnd of staff

Pitch Class Set: {0,3,8,10}

Pitch Class Mapping: 1289 (Hex 509, Binary 10100001001)

The name I use for this scale comes from: Maqam World

» This jins is listed in Arabic Maqam World1 ([MaqamWorld 2018] Arabic Maqam World), web page

1Web text: Root jins of the Maqam Hijaz Family. Jins Hijaz is a 4-note jins. It is notated here with its tonic on D and its ghammaz on G. The interval between the 2nd and 3rd degrees is usually played smaller than notated by raising the 2nd a little and lowering the 3rd a little. Jins Hijaz is the first jins in Maqam Hijaz, Maqam Hijazkar, and Maqam Zanjaran.

Jins Hijaz Murassa‘

Temperament: 24-Tone Equal Temperament (24TET)
The 24 degrees of this temperament, in cents:
  0–50–100–150–200–250–300–350–400–450–500–550–600–650–700–750–800–850–900–950–1000–1050–1100–1150–1200

Scale steps in semitones: 3–5–2

Scale degrees:
  in cents: 0–150–400–500
  intervals: 1–n2–3–4
  Root, Neutral 2nd, Major 3rd, 4

Pitches starting from C: C D E F

G cleffCD quarter-flatEFEnd of staff

Pitch Class Set: {0,3,8,10}

Pitch Class Mapping: 1289 (Hex 509, Binary 10100001001)

The name I use for this scale comes from: Maqam World

» This jins is listed in Arabic Maqam World1 ([MaqamWorld 2018] Arabic Maqam World), web page

1Web text: A variation of Jins Hijaz with a lowered 5th. Jins Hijaz Murassa‘ is a 4-note jins. It is notated here with its tonic on D and its ghammaz on G. Jins Hijaz Murassa‘ is not part of any maqam scale and usually occurs as a modulation from Jins Hijaz, most in Maqam Hijazkar.

Jins Kurd

Fingerings on most contemporary six-hole pentatonic minor Native American flutes:

  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed openFinger diagram closed closed closed closed open closedFinger diagram closed closed closed open closed openFinger diagram closed closed open closed open open   or  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed open openFinger diagram closed closed closed open closed openFinger diagram closed closed open closed open openFinger diagram closed open closed open open open   or  Finger diagram closed closed closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed open closed open openFinger diagram closed open closed open open openFinger diagram open open closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed

Temperament: 24-Tone Equal Temperament (24TET)
The 24 degrees of this temperament, in cents:
  0–50–100–150–200–250–300–350–400–450–500–550–600–650–700–750–800–850–900–950–1000–1050–1100–1150–1200

Scale steps in semitones: 2–4–4

Scale degrees:
  in cents: 0–100–300–500
  intervals: 1–m2–m3–4
  Root, Minor 2nd, Minor 3rd, 4

Pitches starting from C:
  C C♯ D♯ F
  C D♭ E♭ F

G cleffCC sharpD sharpFbarlineCD flatE flatFEnd of staff

Pitch Class Set: {0,2,6,10}

Pitch Class Mapping: 1093 (Hex 445, Binary 10001000101)

This scale is a mode (rotation) of these other scales:
  Mode 2 of: Jins Upper ‘Ajam and Jins Upper ‘Ajam
  Mode 3 of: and Jins Upper Rast

The name I use for this scale comes from: Maqam World

» This jins is listed in Arabic Maqam World1 ([MaqamWorld 2018] Arabic Maqam World), web page

1Web text: Root jins of the Maqam Kurd Family. Jins Kurd is a 4-note jins. It is notated here with its tonic on D and its ghammaz on G. Jins Kurd is the first jins in Maqam Kurd.

Jins Lami

Temperament: 24-Tone Equal Temperament (24TET)
The 24 degrees of this temperament, in cents:
  0–50–100–150–200–250–300–350–400–450–500–550–600–650–700–750–800–850–900–950–1000–1050–1100–1150–1200

Scale steps in semitones: 1–2–2

Scale degrees:
  in cents: 0–50–150–250
  intervals: 1–a1–n2–a2
  Root, Quarter-sharp Root, Neutral 2nd, a2

Pitches starting from C: C C+ D D+

G cleffCC quarter-sharpD quarter-flatD quarter-sharpEnd of staff

Pitch Class Set: {0,1,3,5}

Pitch Class Mapping: 43 (Hex 2B, Binary 101011)

The name I use for this scale comes from: Maqam World

» This jins is listed in Arabic Maqam World1 ([MaqamWorld 2018] Arabic Maqam World), web page

1Web text: Jins Lami is a 4-note jins. It is notated here with its tonic on D and its ghammaz on G. Jins Lami is the first jins in Maqam Lami.

Jins Musta'ar

Temperament: 24-Tone Equal Temperament (24TET)
The 24 degrees of this temperament, in cents:
  0–50–100–150–200–250–300–350–400–450–500–550–600–650–700–750–800–850–900–950–1000–1050–1100–1150–1200

Scale steps in semitones: 5–2–4

Scale degrees:
  in cents: 0–250–350–550
  intervals: 1–a2–n3–a4
  Root, Quarter 2nd-3rd, Neutral 3rd, a4

Pitches starting from C: C D+ E F+

G cleffCD quarter-sharpE quarter-flatF quarter-sharpEnd of staff

Pitch Class Set: {0,5,7,11}

Pitch Class Mapping: 2209 (Hex 8A1, Binary 100010100001)

The name I use for this scale comes from: Maqam World

» This jins is listed in Arabic Maqam World1 ([MaqamWorld 2018] Arabic Maqam World), web page

1Web text: A variation of Jins Sikah with a raised 2nd. Jins Musta‘ar is a 3-note jins. It is notated here with its tonic on E and its ghammaz on G. Jins Musta‘ar is the first jins in Maqam Musta‘ar.

Jins Upper ‘Ajam

Fingerings on most contemporary six-hole pentatonic minor Native American flutes:

  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed openFinger diagram closed closed closed closed open openFinger diagram closed closed closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed open closed open open   or  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed open openFinger diagram closed closed closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed open open open openFinger diagram closed open closed open open open   or  Finger diagram closed closed closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed open open open openFinger diagram open closed closed open open openFinger diagram open open closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed

Fingerings on Anasazi-7 tuned Native American flutes:

  Seven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed openSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed open open openSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed open closed closed closedSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed open open open open

Temperament: 24-Tone Equal Temperament (24TET)
The 24 degrees of this temperament, in cents:
  0–50–100–150–200–250–300–350–400–450–500–550–600–650–700–750–800–850–900–950–1000–1050–1100–1150–1200

Scale steps in semitones: 4–4–2

Scale degrees:
  in cents: 0–200–400–500
  intervals: 1–2–3–4
  Root, Major 2nd, Major 3rd, 4

Pitches starting from C: C D E F

G cleffCDEFEnd of staff

Pitch Class Set: {0,4,8,10}

Pitch Class Mapping: 1297 (Hex 511, Binary 10100010001)

This scale is a mode (rotation) of these other scales:
  Mode 2 of: and Jins Upper Rast
  Mode 3 of: Jins Bayati and Jins Kurd

The name I use for this scale comes from: Maqam World

» This jins is listed in Arabic Maqam World1 ([MaqamWorld 2018] Arabic Maqam World), web page

1Web text: A 4-note version of Jins Ajam with the tonic on top. Jins Upper ‘Ajam is a 4-note version of Jins ‘Ajam, with the unusual feature (shared by Jins Upper Rast) that its tonic is the last degree in the scale instead of the first. It is notated here with its ghammaz on G and its tonic on C. Jins Upper ‘Ajam is the second jins in Maqam ‘Ajam and also occurs on the 3rd degree of Maqam Bayati.

Jins Upper Rast

Temperament: 24-Tone Equal Temperament (24TET)
The 24 degrees of this temperament, in cents:
  0–50–100–150–200–250–300–350–400–450–500–550–600–650–700–750–800–850–900–950–1000–1050–1100–1150–1200

Scale steps in semitones: 4–3–3

Scale degrees:
  in cents: 0–200–350–500
  intervals: 1–2–n3–4
  Root, Major 2nd, Neutral 3rd, 4

Pitches starting from C: C D E F

G cleffCDE quarter-flatFEnd of staff

Pitch Class Set: {0,4,7,10}

Pitch Class Mapping: 1169 (Hex 491, Binary 10010010001)

The name I use for this scale comes from: Maqam World

» This jins is listed in Arabic Maqam World1 ([MaqamWorld 2018] Arabic Maqam World), web page

1Web text: A 4-note version of Jins Rast with the tonic on top. Jins Upper Rast is a 4-note version of Jins Rast, with the unusual feature (shared by Jins Upper ‘Ajam) that its tonic is the last degree in the scale instead of the first. It is notated here with its ghammaz on G and its tonic on C. Jins Upper Rast is the second jins in Maqam Rast and also occurs on the 5th degree of Maqam Jiharkah.

Jins ‘Ajam

Fingerings on most contemporary six-hole pentatonic minor Native American flutes:

  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed openFinger diagram closed closed closed closed open openFinger diagram closed closed closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed open closed open openFinger diagram closed open closed open open open   or  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed open openFinger diagram closed closed closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed open open open openFinger diagram closed open closed open open openFinger diagram open open closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed

Fingerings on Anasazi-7 tuned Native American flutes:

  Seven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed openSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed open open openSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed open closed closed closedSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed open open open openSeven hole finger diagram closed closed open open open open open

Scale steps in semitones: 2–2–1–2

Scale degrees:
  in semitones: 0–2–4–5–7
  intervals: 1–2–3–4–5
  Root, Major 2nd, Major 3rd, Perfect 4th, 5

Pitches starting from C: C D E F G

G cleffCDEFGEnd of staff

Pitch Class Set: {0,2,4,5,7}

Pitch Class Mapping: 181 (Hex B5, Binary 10110101)

This scale is a mode (rotation) of these other scales:
  Mode 2 of: Jins Nahawand and Jins Rast
  Mode 4 of: Jins ‘Ajam Murassa‘ and Jins ‘Ajam Murassa‘

The name I use for this scale comes from: Maqam World

» This jins is listed in Arabic Maqam World1 ([MaqamWorld 2018] Arabic Maqam World), web page

1Web text: Root jins of the Maqam ‘Ajam Family. Jins ‘Ajam is a 5-note jins. It is notated here with its tonic on C and its ghammaz on G. Jins ‘Ajam is the first jins in Maqam ‘Ajam and Maqam Shawq Afza.

Jins ‘Ajam Murassa‘

Fingerings on most contemporary six-hole pentatonic minor Native American flutes:

  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed openFinger diagram closed closed closed closed open openFinger diagram closed closed closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed open open open openFinger diagram closed open closed open open open   or  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed open openFinger diagram closed closed closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed open open open openFinger diagram open closed closed open open openFinger diagram open open closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed

Fingerings on Anasazi-7 tuned Native American flutes:

  Seven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed closedSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed openSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed open open openSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed open closed closed closedSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed open open open open   or  Seven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed openSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed open open openSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed open closed closed closedSeven hole finger diagram closed closed open closed closed closed closedSeven hole finger diagram closed closed open open open open open

Scale steps in semitones: 2–2–2–1

Scale degrees:
  in semitones: 0–2–4–6–7
  intervals: 1–2–3–d5–5
  Root, Major 2nd, Major 3rd, Diminished 5th, 5

Pitches starting from C:
  C D E F♯ G
  C D E G♭ G

G cleffCDEF sharpGbarlineCDEG flatGEnd of staff

Pitch Class Set: {0,2,4,6,7}

Pitch Class Mapping: 213 (Hex D5, Binary 11010101)

This scale is a mode (rotation) of these other scales:
  Mode 2 of: Jins ‘Ajam and Jins Jiharkah
  Mode 3 of: Jins Nahawand and Jins Rast

The name I use for this scale comes from: Maqam World

» This jins is listed in Arabic Maqam World1 ([MaqamWorld 2018] Arabic Maqam World), web page

1Web text: A variation of Jins ‘Ajam with a raised 4th. Jins ‘Ajam Murassa‘ is a 5-note jins. It is notated here with its tonic on F and its ghammaz on C. Jins ‘Ajam Murassa‘ is not part of any maqam scale and usually occurs as a modulation from Jins ‘Ajam.

Jins Athar Kurd

Fingerings on most contemporary six-hole pentatonic minor Native American flutes:

  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed openFinger diagram closed closed closed closed open closedFinger diagram closed closed closed open closed openFinger diagram closed closed open open open openFinger diagram closed open closed open open open   or  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed open openFinger diagram closed closed closed open closed openFinger diagram closed closed open closed open openFinger diagram open closed closed open open openFinger diagram open open closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed

Scale steps in semitones: 1–2–3–1

Scale degrees:
  in semitones: 0–1–3–6–7
  intervals: 1–m2–m3–d5–5
  Root, Minor 2nd, Minor 3rd, Diminished 5th, 5

Pitches starting from C:
  C C♯ D♯ F♯ G
  C D♭ E♭ G♭ G

G cleffCC sharpD sharpF sharpGbarlineCD flatE flatG flatGEnd of staff

Pitch Class Set: {0,1,3,6,7}

Pitch Class Mapping: 203 (Hex CB, Binary 11001011)

This scale is a mode (rotation) of these other scales:
  Mode 3 of: Jins Sazkar

The name I use for this scale comes from: Maqam World

» This jins is listed in Arabic Maqam World1 ([MaqamWorld 2018] Arabic Maqam World), web page

1Web text: A combination of Jins Kurd and Jins Nikriz. Jins Athar Kurd is a 5-note jins. It is notated here with its tonic on C and its ghammaz on G. Jins Athar Kurd is the first jins in Maqam Athar Kurd.

Jins Jiharkah

Fingerings on most contemporary six-hole pentatonic minor Native American flutes:

  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed openFinger diagram closed closed closed closed open openFinger diagram closed closed closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed open closed open openFinger diagram closed open closed open open open   or  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed open openFinger diagram closed closed closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed open open open openFinger diagram closed open closed open open openFinger diagram open open closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed

Fingerings on Anasazi-7 tuned Native American flutes:

  Seven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed openSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed open open openSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed open closed closed closedSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed open open open openSeven hole finger diagram closed closed open open open open open

Scale steps in semitones: 2–2–1–2

Scale degrees:
  in semitones: 0–2–4–5–7
  intervals: 1–2–3–4–5
  Root, Major 2nd, Major 3rd, Perfect 4th, 5

Pitches starting from C: C D E F G

G cleffCDEFGEnd of staff

Pitch Class Set: {0,2,4,5,7}

Pitch Class Mapping: 181 (Hex B5, Binary 10110101)

This scale is a mode (rotation) of these other scales:
  Mode 2 of: Jins Nahawand and Jins Rast
  Mode 4 of: Jins ‘Ajam Murassa‘ and Jins ‘Ajam Murassa‘

The name I use for this scale comes from: Maqam World

» This jins is listed in Arabic Maqam World1 ([MaqamWorld 2018] Arabic Maqam World), web page

1Web text: Jins Jiharkah is a 5-note jins. It is notated here with its tonic on F and its ghammaz on C. The 3rd and 4th degrees are usually played lower than notated. Jins Jiharkah is the first jins in Maqam Jiharkah.

Jins Nahawand

Fingerings on most contemporary six-hole pentatonic minor Native American flutes:

  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed openFinger diagram closed closed closed closed open openFinger diagram closed closed closed open closed openFinger diagram closed closed open closed open openFinger diagram closed open closed open open open   or  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed open openFinger diagram closed closed closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed open closed open openFinger diagram closed open closed open open openFinger diagram open open closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed

Scale steps in semitones: 2–1–2–2

Scale degrees:
  in semitones: 0–2–3–5–7
  intervals: 1–2–m3–4–5
  Root, Major 2nd, Minor 3rd, Perfect 4th, 5

Pitches starting from C:
  C D D♯ F G
  C D E♭ F G

G cleffCDD sharpFGbarlineCDE flatFGEnd of staff

Pitch Class Set: {0,2,3,5,7}

Pitch Class Mapping: 173 (Hex AD, Binary 10101101)

This scale is a mode (rotation) of these other scales:
  Mode 3 of: Jins ‘Ajam Murassa‘ and Jins ‘Ajam Murassa‘
  Mode 4 of: Jins ‘Ajam and Jins Jiharkah

The name I use for this scale comes from: Maqam World

» This jins is listed in Arabic Maqam World1 ([MaqamWorld 2018] Arabic Maqam World), web page

1Web text: Root jins of the Maqam Nahawand Family. Jins Nahawand is a 5-note jins. It is notated here with its tonic on C and its ghammaz on G. Jins Nahawand is the first jins in Maqam Nahawand.

Jins Nahawand Murassa‘

Fingerings on most contemporary six-hole pentatonic minor Native American flutes:

  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed openFinger diagram closed closed closed closed open openFinger diagram closed closed closed open closed openFinger diagram closed closed open closed open openFinger diagram closed closed open open open open   or  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed open openFinger diagram closed closed closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed open closed open openFinger diagram closed open closed open open openFinger diagram open closed closed open open open

Scale steps in semitones: 2–1–2–1

Scale degrees:
  in semitones: 0–2–3–5–6
  intervals: 1–2–m3–4–d5
  Root, Major 2nd, Minor 3rd, Perfect 4th, d5

Pitches starting from C:
  C D D♯ F F♯
  C D E♭ F G♭

G cleffCDD sharpFF sharpbarlineCDE flatFG flatEnd of staff

Pitch Class Set: {0,2,3,5,6}

Pitch Class Mapping: 109 (Hex 6D, Binary 1101101)

This scale is a mode (rotation) of these other scales:
  Mode 3 of: Jins Nahawand Murassa‘

The name I use for this scale comes from: Maqam World

» This jins is listed in Arabic Maqam World1 ([MaqamWorld 2018] Arabic Maqam World), web page

1Web text: A variation of Jins Nahawand with a lowered 5th. Jins Nahawand Murassa‘ has no ghammaz, and therefore no defined size. It is notated here with its tonic on C. Jins Nahawand Murassa‘ is the first jins in Maqam Nahawand Murassa‘.

Jins Nikriz

Fingerings on most contemporary six-hole pentatonic minor Native American flutes:

  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed openFinger diagram closed closed closed closed open openFinger diagram closed closed closed open closed openFinger diagram closed closed open open open openFinger diagram closed open closed open open open   or  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed open openFinger diagram closed closed closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed open closed open openFinger diagram open closed closed open open openFinger diagram open open closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed

Fingerings on Anasazi-7 tuned Native American flutes:

  Seven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed closedSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed openSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed open openSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed open closed closed closedSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed open open open open

Scale steps in semitones: 2–1–3–1

Scale degrees:
  in semitones: 0–2–3–6–7
  intervals: 1–2–m3–d5–5
  Root, Major 2nd, Minor 3rd, Diminished 5th, 5

Pitches starting from C:
  C D D♯ F♯ G
  C D E♭ G♭ G

G cleffCDD sharpF sharpGbarlineCDE flatG flatGEnd of staff

Pitch Class Set: {0,2,3,6,7}

Pitch Class Mapping: 205 (Hex CD, Binary 11001101)

The name I use for this scale comes from: Maqam World

» This jins is listed in Arabic Maqam World1 ([MaqamWorld 2018] Arabic Maqam World), web page

1Web text: Root jins of the Maqam Nikriz Family. Jins Nikriz is a 5-note jins. It is notated here with its tonic on C and its ghammaz on G. Jins Nikriz is the first jins in Maqam Nikriz and Maqam Nawa Athar.

Jins Rast

Fingerings on most contemporary six-hole pentatonic minor Native American flutes:

  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed openFinger diagram closed closed closed closed open openFinger diagram closed closed closed open closed openFinger diagram closed closed open closed open openFinger diagram closed open closed open open open   or  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed open openFinger diagram closed closed closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed open closed open openFinger diagram closed open closed open open openFinger diagram open open closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed

Scale steps in semitones: 2–1–2–2

Scale degrees:
  in semitones: 0–2–3–5–7
  intervals: 1–2–m3–4–5
  Root, Major 2nd, Minor 3rd, Perfect 4th, 5

Pitches starting from C:
  C D D♯ F G
  C D E♭ F G

G cleffCDD sharpFGbarlineCDE flatFGEnd of staff

Pitch Class Set: {0,2,3,5,7}

Pitch Class Mapping: 173 (Hex AD, Binary 10101101)

This scale is a mode (rotation) of these other scales:
  Mode 3 of: Jins ‘Ajam Murassa‘ and Jins ‘Ajam Murassa‘
  Mode 4 of: Jins ‘Ajam and Jins Jiharkah

The name I use for this scale comes from: Maqam World

» This jins is listed in Arabic Maqam World1 ([MaqamWorld 2018] Arabic Maqam World), web page

1Web text: Root jins of the Maqam Rast Family. Jins Rast is a widely popular 5-note jins. It is notated here with its tonic on C and its ghammaz on G. Jins Rast is the first jins in Maqam Rast, Maqam Suznak, and other maqamat in the Maqam Rast Family.

Jins Sazkar

Fingerings on most contemporary six-hole pentatonic minor Native American flutes:

  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closedFinger diagram closed closed closed closed closed openFinger diagram closed closed closed closed open closedFinger diagram closed closed closed closed open openFinger diagram closed closed closed open open open   or  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed openFinger diagram closed closed closed open closed openFinger diagram closed closed closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed open closed open openFinger diagram closed open closed open open open   or  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed open openFinger diagram closed closed open closed open openFinger diagram closed closed open open open openFinger diagram closed open closed open open openFinger diagram open open closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed

Scale steps in semitones: 3–1–1–2

Scale degrees:
  in semitones: 0–3–4–5–7
  intervals: 1–m3–3–4–5
  Root, Minor 3rd, Major 3rd, Perfect 4th, 5

Pitches starting from C:
  C D♯ E F G
  C E♭ E F G

G cleffCD sharpEFGbarlineCE flatEFGEnd of staff

Pitch Class Set: {0,3,4,5,7}

Pitch Class Mapping: 185 (Hex B9, Binary 10111001)

This scale is a mode (rotation) of these other scales:
  Mode 3 of: Jins Athar Kurd and Jins Athar Kurd

The name I use for this scale comes from: Maqam World

» This jins is listed in Arabic Maqam World1 ([MaqamWorld 2018] Arabic Maqam World), web page

1Web text: A variation of Jins Rast with a raised 2nd. Jins Sazkar is a 5-note jins. It is notated here with its tonic on C and its ghammaz on G. Jins Sazkar is the first jins in Maqam Sazkar.

Jins ‘Ajam

Fingerings on most contemporary six-hole pentatonic minor Native American flutes:

  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed openFinger diagram closed closed closed closed open openFinger diagram closed closed closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed open closed open openFinger diagram closed open closed open open open   or  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed open openFinger diagram closed closed closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed open open open openFinger diagram closed open closed open open openFinger diagram open open closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed

Fingerings on Anasazi-7 tuned Native American flutes:

  Seven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed openSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed open open openSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed open closed closed closedSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed open open open openSeven hole finger diagram closed closed open open open open open

Temperament: 24-Tone Equal Temperament (24TET)
The 24 degrees of this temperament, in cents:
  0–50–100–150–200–250–300–350–400–450–500–550–600–650–700–750–800–850–900–950–1000–1050–1100–1150–1200

Scale steps in semitones: 4–4–2–4

Scale degrees:
  in cents: 0–200–400–500–700
  intervals: 1–2–3–4–5
  Root, Major 2nd, Major 3rd, Perfect 4th, 5

Pitches starting from C: C D E F G

G cleffCDEFGEnd of staff

Pitch Class Set: {0,4,8,10,14}

Pitch Class Mapping: 17681 (Hex 4511, Binary 100010100010001)

This scale is a mode (rotation) of these other scales:
  Mode 2 of: Jins Nahawand and Jins Rast
  Mode 4 of: Jins ‘Ajam Murassa‘ and Jins ‘Ajam Murassa‘

The name I use for this scale comes from: Maqam World

» This jins is listed in Arabic Maqam World1 ([MaqamWorld 2018] Arabic Maqam World), web page

1Web text: Root jins of the Maqam ‘Ajam Family. Jins ‘Ajam is a 5-note jins. It is notated here with its tonic on C and its ghammaz on G. Jins ‘Ajam is the first jins in Maqam ‘Ajam and Maqam Shawq Afza.

Jins ‘Ajam Murassa‘

Fingerings on most contemporary six-hole pentatonic minor Native American flutes:

  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed openFinger diagram closed closed closed closed open openFinger diagram closed closed closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed open open open openFinger diagram closed open closed open open open   or  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed open openFinger diagram closed closed closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed open open open openFinger diagram open closed closed open open openFinger diagram open open closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed

Fingerings on Anasazi-7 tuned Native American flutes:

  Seven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed closedSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed openSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed open open openSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed open closed closed closedSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed open open open open   or  Seven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed openSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed open open openSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed open closed closed closedSeven hole finger diagram closed closed open closed closed closed closedSeven hole finger diagram closed closed open open open open open

Temperament: 24-Tone Equal Temperament (24TET)
The 24 degrees of this temperament, in cents:
  0–50–100–150–200–250–300–350–400–450–500–550–600–650–700–750–800–850–900–950–1000–1050–1100–1150–1200

Scale steps in semitones: 4–4–4–2

Scale degrees:
  in cents: 0–200–400–600–700
  intervals: 1–2–3–d5–5
  Root, Major 2nd, Major 3rd, Diminished 5th, 5

Pitches starting from C:
  C D E F♯ G
  C D E G♭ G

G cleffCDEF sharpGbarlineCDEG flatGEnd of staff

Pitch Class Set: {0,4,8,12,14}

Pitch Class Mapping: 20753 (Hex 5111, Binary 101000100010001)

This scale is a mode (rotation) of these other scales:
  Mode 2 of: Jins ‘Ajam and Jins Jiharkah
  Mode 3 of: Jins Nahawand and Jins Rast

The name I use for this scale comes from: Maqam World

» This jins is listed in Arabic Maqam World1 ([MaqamWorld 2018] Arabic Maqam World), web page

1Web text: A variation of Jins ‘Ajam with a raised 4th. Jins ‘Ajam Murassa‘ is a 5-note jins. It is notated here with its tonic on F and its ghammaz on C. Jins ‘Ajam Murassa‘ is not part of any maqam scale and usually occurs as a modulation from Jins ‘Ajam.

Jins Athar Kurd

Fingerings on most contemporary six-hole pentatonic minor Native American flutes:

  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed openFinger diagram closed closed closed closed open closedFinger diagram closed closed closed open closed openFinger diagram closed closed open open open openFinger diagram closed open closed open open open   or  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed open openFinger diagram closed closed closed open closed openFinger diagram closed closed open closed open openFinger diagram open closed closed open open openFinger diagram open open closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed

Temperament: 24-Tone Equal Temperament (24TET)
The 24 degrees of this temperament, in cents:
  0–50–100–150–200–250–300–350–400–450–500–550–600–650–700–750–800–850–900–950–1000–1050–1100–1150–1200

Scale steps in semitones: 2–4–6–2

Scale degrees:
  in cents: 0–100–300–600–700
  intervals: 1–m2–m3–d5–5
  Root, Minor 2nd, Minor 3rd, Diminished 5th, 5

Pitches starting from C:
  C C♯ D♯ F♯ G
  C D♭ E♭ G♭ G

G cleffCC sharpD sharpF sharpGbarlineCD flatE flatG flatGEnd of staff

Pitch Class Set: {0,2,6,12,14}

Pitch Class Mapping: 20549 (Hex 5045, Binary 101000001000101)

This scale is a mode (rotation) of these other scales:
  Mode 3 of: Jins Sazkar

The name I use for this scale comes from: Maqam World

» This jins is listed in Arabic Maqam World1 ([MaqamWorld 2018] Arabic Maqam World), web page

1Web text: A combination of Jins Kurd and Jins Nikriz. Jins Athar Kurd is a 5-note jins. It is notated here with its tonic on C and its ghammaz on G. Jins Athar Kurd is the first jins in Maqam Athar Kurd.

Jins Jiharkah

Temperament: 24-Tone Equal Temperament (24TET)
The 24 degrees of this temperament, in cents:
  0–50–100–150–200–250–300–350–400–450–500–550–600–650–700–750–800–850–900–950–1000–1050–1100–1150–1200

Scale steps in semitones: 4–3–2–5

Scale degrees:
  in cents: 0–200–350–450–700
  intervals: 1–2–n3–b4–5
  Root, Major 2nd, Neutral 3rd, Quarter 3rd-4th, 5

Pitches starting from C: C D E E+ G

G cleffCDE quarter-flatE quarter-sharpGEnd of staff

Pitch Class Set: {0,4,7,9,14}

Pitch Class Mapping: 17041 (Hex 4291, Binary 100001010010001)

The name I use for this scale comes from: Maqam World

» This jins is listed in Arabic Maqam World1 ([MaqamWorld 2018] Arabic Maqam World), web page

1Web text: Jins Jiharkah is a 5-note jins. It is notated here with its tonic on F and its ghammaz on C. The 3rd and 4th degrees are usually played lower than notated. Jins Jiharkah is the first jins in Maqam Jiharkah.

Jins Nahawand

Fingerings on most contemporary six-hole pentatonic minor Native American flutes:

  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed openFinger diagram closed closed closed closed open openFinger diagram closed closed closed open closed openFinger diagram closed closed open closed open openFinger diagram closed open closed open open open   or  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed open openFinger diagram closed closed closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed open closed open openFinger diagram closed open closed open open openFinger diagram open open closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed

Temperament: 24-Tone Equal Temperament (24TET)
The 24 degrees of this temperament, in cents:
  0–50–100–150–200–250–300–350–400–450–500–550–600–650–700–750–800–850–900–950–1000–1050–1100–1150–1200

Scale steps in semitones: 4–2–4–4

Scale degrees:
  in cents: 0–200–300–500–700
  intervals: 1–2–m3–4–5
  Root, Major 2nd, Minor 3rd, Perfect 4th, 5

Pitches starting from C:
  C D D♯ F G
  C D E♭ F G

G cleffCDD sharpFGbarlineCDE flatFGEnd of staff

Pitch Class Set: {0,4,6,10,14}

Pitch Class Mapping: 17489 (Hex 4451, Binary 100010001010001)

This scale is a mode (rotation) of these other scales:
  Mode 3 of: Jins ‘Ajam Murassa‘ and Jins ‘Ajam Murassa‘
  Mode 4 of: Jins ‘Ajam and Jins Jiharkah

The name I use for this scale comes from: Maqam World

» This jins is listed in Arabic Maqam World1 ([MaqamWorld 2018] Arabic Maqam World), web page

1Web text: Root jins of the Maqam Nahawand Family. Jins Nahawand is a 5-note jins. It is notated here with its tonic on C and its ghammaz on G. Jins Nahawand is the first jins in Maqam Nahawand.

Jins Nahawand Murassa‘

Temperament: 24-Tone Equal Temperament (24TET)
The 24 degrees of this temperament, in cents:
  0–50–100–150–200–250–300–350–400–450–500–550–600–650–700–750–800–850–900–950–1000–1050–1100–1150–1200

Scale steps in semitones: 2–1–2–1

Scale degrees:
  in cents: 0–100–150–250–300
  intervals: 1–m2–n2–a2–m3
  Root, Minor 2nd, Neutral 2nd, Quarter 2nd-3rd, m3

Pitches starting from C:
  C C♯ D D+ D♯
  C D♭ D D+ E♭

G cleffCC sharpD quarter-flatD quarter-sharpD sharpbarlineCD flatD quarter-flatD quarter-sharpE flatEnd of staff

Pitch Class Set: {0,2,3,5,6}

Pitch Class Mapping: 109 (Hex 6D, Binary 1101101)

This scale is a mode (rotation) of these other scales:
  Mode 3 of: Jins Nahawand Murassa‘

The name I use for this scale comes from: Maqam World

» This jins is listed in Arabic Maqam World1 ([MaqamWorld 2018] Arabic Maqam World), web page

1Web text: A variation of Jins Nahawand with a lowered 5th. Jins Nahawand Murassa‘ has no ghammaz, and therefore no defined size. It is notated here with its tonic on C. Jins Nahawand Murassa‘ is the first jins in Maqam Nahawand Murassa‘.

Jins Nikriz

Fingerings on most contemporary six-hole pentatonic minor Native American flutes:

  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed openFinger diagram closed closed closed closed open openFinger diagram closed closed closed open closed openFinger diagram closed closed open open open openFinger diagram closed open closed open open open   or  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed open openFinger diagram closed closed closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed open closed open openFinger diagram open closed closed open open openFinger diagram open open closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed

Fingerings on Anasazi-7 tuned Native American flutes:

  Seven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed closedSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed openSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed open openSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed open closed closed closedSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed open open open open

Temperament: 24-Tone Equal Temperament (24TET)
The 24 degrees of this temperament, in cents:
  0–50–100–150–200–250–300–350–400–450–500–550–600–650–700–750–800–850–900–950–1000–1050–1100–1150–1200

Scale steps in semitones: 4–2–6–2

Scale degrees:
  in cents: 0–200–300–600–700
  intervals: 1–2–m3–d5–5
  Root, Major 2nd, Minor 3rd, Diminished 5th, 5

Pitches starting from C:
  C D D♯ F♯ G
  C D E♭ G♭ G

G cleffCDD sharpF sharpGbarlineCDE flatG flatGEnd of staff

Pitch Class Set: {0,4,6,12,14}

Pitch Class Mapping: 20561 (Hex 5051, Binary 101000001010001)

The name I use for this scale comes from: Maqam World

» This jins is listed in Arabic Maqam World1 ([MaqamWorld 2018] Arabic Maqam World), web page

1Web text: Root jins of the Maqam Nikriz Family. Jins Nikriz is a 5-note jins. It is notated here with its tonic on C and its ghammaz on G. Jins Nikriz is the first jins in Maqam Nikriz and Maqam Nawa Athar.

Jins Rast

Temperament: 24-Tone Equal Temperament (24TET)
The 24 degrees of this temperament, in cents:
  0–50–100–150–200–250–300–350–400–450–500–550–600–650–700–750–800–850–900–950–1000–1050–1100–1150–1200

Scale steps in semitones: 4–3–3–4

Scale degrees:
  in cents: 0–200–350–500–700
  intervals: 1–2–n3–4–5
  Root, Major 2nd, Neutral 3rd, Perfect 4th, 5

Pitches starting from C: C D E F G

G cleffCDE quarter-flatFGEnd of staff

Pitch Class Set: {0,4,7,10,14}

Pitch Class Mapping: 17553 (Hex 4491, Binary 100010010010001)

The name I use for this scale comes from: Maqam World

» This jins is listed in Arabic Maqam World1 ([MaqamWorld 2018] Arabic Maqam World), web page

1Web text: Root jins of the Maqam Rast Family. Jins Rast is a widely popular 5-note jins. It is notated here with its tonic on C and its ghammaz on G. Jins Rast is the first jins in Maqam Rast, Maqam Suznak, and other maqamat in the Maqam Rast Family.

Jins Sazkar

Temperament: 24-Tone Equal Temperament (24TET)
The 24 degrees of this temperament, in cents:
  0–50–100–150–200–250–300–350–400–450–500–550–600–650–700–750–800–850–900–950–1000–1050–1100–1150–1200

Scale steps in semitones: 6–1–3–4

Scale degrees:
  in cents: 0–300–350–500–700
  intervals: 1–m3–n3–4–5
  Root, Minor 3rd, Neutral 3rd, Perfect 4th, 5

Pitches starting from C:
  C D♯ E F G
  C E♭ E F G

G cleffCD sharpE quarter-flatFGbarlineCE flatE quarter-flatFGEnd of staff

Pitch Class Set: {0,6,7,10,14}

Pitch Class Mapping: 17601 (Hex 44C1, Binary 100010011000001)

The name I use for this scale comes from: Maqam World

» This jins is listed in Arabic Maqam World1 ([MaqamWorld 2018] Arabic Maqam World), web page

1Web text: A variation of Jins Rast with a raised 2nd. Jins Sazkar is a 5-note jins. It is notated here with its tonic on C and its ghammaz on G. Jins Sazkar is the first jins in Maqam Sazkar.

Jins Saba

Fingerings on most contemporary six-hole pentatonic minor Native American flutes:

  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed openFinger diagram closed closed closed closed open closedFinger diagram closed closed closed open closed openFinger diagram closed closed closed open open openFinger diagram closed open closed open open openFinger diagram open closed closed open open open

Scale steps in semitones: 1–2–1–3–1

Scale degrees:
  in semitones: 0–1–3–4–7–8
  intervals: 1–m2–m3–3–5–m6
  Root, Minor 2nd, Minor 3rd, Major 3rd, Perfect 5th, m6

Pitches starting from C:
  C C♯ D♯ E G G♯
  C D♭ E♭ E G A♭

G cleffCC sharpD sharpEGG sharpbarlineCD flatE flatEGA flatEnd of staff

Pitch Class Set: {0,1,3,4,7,8}

Pitch Class Mapping: 411 (Hex 19B, Binary 110011011)

The name I use for this scale comes from: Maqam World

» This jins is listed in Arabic Maqam World1 ([MaqamWorld 2018] Arabic Maqam World), web page

1Web text: Jins Saba has an ambiguous size. It is notated here with its tonic on D and two ghammaz possibilities: the 3rd degree (notated on F) or the 6th degree (notated on B♭). Jins Saba is the first jins in Maqam Saba.

Jins Saba

Temperament: 24-Tone Equal Temperament (24TET)
The 24 degrees of this temperament, in cents:
  0–50–100–150–200–250–300–350–400–450–500–550–600–650–700–750–800–850–900–950–1000–1050–1100–1150–1200

Scale steps in semitones: 3–3–2–6–2

Scale degrees:
  in cents: 0–150–300–400–700–800
  intervals: 1–n2–m3–3–5–m6
  Root, Neutral 2nd, Minor 3rd, Major 3rd, Perfect 5th, m6

Pitches starting from C:
  C D D♯ E G G♯
  C D E♭ E G A♭

G cleffCD quarter-flatD sharpEGG sharpbarlineCD quarter-flatE flatEGA flatEnd of staff

Pitch Class Set: {0,3,6,8,14,16}

Pitch Class Mapping: 82249 (Hex 14149, Binary 10100000101001001)

The name I use for this scale comes from: Maqam World

» This jins is listed in Arabic Maqam World1 ([MaqamWorld 2018] Arabic Maqam World), web page

1Web text: Jins Saba has an ambiguous size. It is notated here with its tonic on D and two ghammaz possibilities: the 3rd degree (notated on F) or the 6th degree (notated on B♭). Jins Saba is the first jins in Maqam Saba.

 
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To cite this page on Wikipedia: <ref name="Goss_2018_csc_ajnas"> {{cite web |last=Goss |first=Clint |title=Comprehensive Scale Catalog: Ten-Tone Scales in Equal Temperament |url=http://www.Flutopedia.com/csc_ajnas.htm |date=27 November 2018 |website=Flutopedia |access-date=<YOUR RETRIEVAL DATE> }}</ref>