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Comprehensive Scale Catalog: Nine-Tone Scales in Equal Temperament

This page is part of Flutopedia's Comprehensive Scale Catalog ... a listing of many (many) scales that can be played on Native American flutes.

This page shows only scales with Nine tones per octave and using 12-tone Equal Temperament.

The root note of each scale is shown in blue, such as Finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed.

Nine Tone Scale

Fingerings on Anasazi-7 tuned Native American flutes:

  Seven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed closedSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed openSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed open openSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed open open openSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed open closed closed closedSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed open open open openSeven hole finger diagram closed closed open closed closed closed closedSeven hole finger diagram closed closed open open open open openSeven hole finger diagram open open open open open open openSeven hole finger diagram second octave half-closed closed closed closed closed closed closed

Scale steps in semitones: 2–1–1–2–1–1–1–2–1

Scale degrees:
  in semitones: 0–2–3–4–6–7–8–9–11–12
  intervals: 1–2–m3–3–d5–5–m6–6–7–8
  Root, Major 2nd, Minor 3rd, Major 3rd, Diminished 5th, Perfect 5th, Minor 6th, Major 6th, Major 7th, Octave

Pitches starting from C:
  C D D♯ E F♯ G G♯ A B c
  C D E♭ E G♭ G A♭ A B c

G cleffCDD sharpEF sharpGG sharpABCEnd of staff

G cleffCDE flatEG flatGA flatABCEnd of staff

This scale is a mode (rotation) of these other scales:
  Mode 2 of: Youlan
  Mode 6 of: Chromatic/Permuted Diatonic Dorian Mixed

The name I use for this scale comes from: ChordHouse

ChordHouse name: Nine Tone Scale

Piano Encyclopedia name: Nine-Note

Hanryo Hanritsu

Scale steps in semitones: 2–1–1–1–2–2–1–1–1

Scale degrees:
  in semitones: 0–2–3–4–5–7–9–10–11–12
  intervals: 1–2–m3–3–4–5–6–m7–7–8
  Root, Major 2nd, Minor 3rd, Major 3rd, Perfect 4th, Perfect 5th, Major 6th, Minor 7th, Major 7th, Octave

Pitches starting from C:
  C D D♯ E F G A A♯ B c
  C D E♭ E F G A B♭ B c

G cleffCDD sharpEFGAA sharpBCEnd of staff

G cleffCDE flatEFGAB flatBCEnd of staff

This scale is a mode (rotation) of these other scales:
  Mode 2 of: Chromatic/Diatonic Dorian Mixed
  Mode 5 of: Taishikicho
  Mode 6 of: Houseini
  Mode 7 of: Locrian/Aeolian Mixed

The name I use for this scale comes from: [Malm 2001] p68

Scala names: Raga Malgunji, Ramdasi Malhar, Major/Dorian mixed, Blues Enneatonic

Wikipedia page related to this scale:

Piano Encyclopedia names: Major/Dorian mixed; Raga Malgunji; Raga Ramdasi Malhar

Scale Omnibus names: Blues Enneatonic; Major-Dorian Mixed; Raga Malgunji; Raga Ramdasi Malharq

» Described in Traditional Japanese Music and Musical Instruments Hardcover1 (hardcover [Malm 2001]), page 68

1Liner notes: Hanryo Hanritsu ("Half ryo and half ritsu")

Messiaen Mode 3

Fingerings on Anasazi-7 tuned Native American flutes:

  Seven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed openSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed open openSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed open open openSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed open closed closed closedSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed open open open openSeven hole finger diagram closed closed open closed closed closed closedSeven hole finger diagram closed open open open open open openSeven hole finger diagram open open open open open open openSeven hole finger diagram second octave half-closed closed closed closed closed closed closedSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed closedSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed open

Scale steps in semitones: 1–1–2–1–1–2–1–1–2

Scale degrees:
  in semitones: 0–1–2–4–5–6–8–9–10–12
  intervals: 1–m2–2–3–4–d5–m6–6–m7–8
  Root, Minor 2nd, Major 2nd, Major 3rd, Perfect 4th, Diminished 5th, Minor 6th, Major 6th, Minor 7th, Octave

Pitches starting from C:
  C C♯ D E F F♯ G♯ A A♯ c
  C D♭ D E F G♭ A♭ A B♭ c

G cleffCC sharpDEFF sharpG sharpAA sharpCEnd of staff

G cleffCD flatDEFG flatA flatAB flatCEnd of staff

This scale is a mode (rotation) of these other scales:
  Mode 2 of: Genus Chromaticum
  Mode 3 of: Messiaen Mode 3 Inverse
  Mode 4 of: Messiaen Mode 3
  Mode 5 of: Genus Chromaticum
  Mode 6 of: Messiaen Mode 3 Inverse
  Mode 7 of: Messiaen Mode 3
  Mode 8 of: Genus Chromaticum

The name I use for this scale comes from: Scala name

Scala names: Messiaen mode 3, Tcherepnin Nonatonic mode 3

Messiaen Mode 3 Inverse

Fingerings on Anasazi-7 tuned Native American flutes:

  Seven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed closedSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed openSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed open openSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed open open openSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed open closed closed closedSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed open open open openSeven hole finger diagram closed closed open closed closed closed closedSeven hole finger diagram closed open open open open open openSeven hole finger diagram open open open open open open openSeven hole finger diagram second octave half-closed closed closed closed closed closed closed

Scale steps in semitones: 2–1–1–2–1–1–2–1–1

Scale degrees:
  in semitones: 0–2–3–4–6–7–8–10–11–12
  intervals: 1–2–m3–3–d5–5–m6–m7–7–8
  Root, Major 2nd, Minor 3rd, Major 3rd, Diminished 5th, Perfect 5th, Minor 6th, Minor 7th, Major 7th, Octave

Pitches starting from C:
  C D D♯ E F♯ G G♯ A♯ B c
  C D E♭ E G♭ G A♭ B♭ B c

G cleffCDD sharpEF sharpGG sharpA sharpBCEnd of staff

G cleffCDE flatEG flatGA flatB flatBCEnd of staff

This scale is a mode (rotation) of these other scales:
  Mode 2 of: Messiaen Mode 3
  Mode 3 of: Genus Chromaticum
  Mode 4 of: Messiaen Mode 3 Inverse
  Mode 5 of: Messiaen Mode 3
  Mode 6 of: Genus Chromaticum
  Mode 7 of: Messiaen Mode 3 Inverse
  Mode 8 of: Messiaen Mode 3

The name I use for this scale comes from: Scala name

Scala names: Messiaen mode 3 inverse, Tcherepnin Nonatonic mode 2

Piano Encyclopedia name: Messiaen mode 3

Scale Omnibus name: Messiaen 3rd Mode

Raga Pilu

Scale steps in semitones: 2–1–2–2–1–1–1–1–1

Scale degrees:
  in semitones: 0–2–3–5–7–8–9–10–11–12
  intervals: 1–2–m3–4–5–m6–6–m7–7–8
  Root, Major 2nd, Minor 3rd, Perfect 4th, Perfect 5th, Minor 6th, Major 6th, Minor 7th, Major 7th, Octave

Pitches starting from C:
  C D D♯ F G G♯ A A♯ B c
  C D E♭ F G A♭ A B♭ B c

G cleffCDD sharpFGG sharpAA sharpBCEnd of staff

G cleffCDE flatFGA flatAB flatBCEnd of staff

This scale is a mode (rotation) of these other scales:
  Mode 4 of: Blues Enneatonic II
  Mode 8 of: Chromatic Bebop

The name I use for this scale comes from: Scala name

Scala names: Raga Pilu, Full Minor

Piano Encyclopedia names: Full Minor; Raga Pilu

Scale Omnibus names: Full Minor All Flats; Raga Pilu

Raga Pahadi

Scale steps in semitones: 2–2–1–2–1–1–1–1–1

Scale degrees:
  in semitones: 0–2–4–5–7–8–9–10–11–12
  intervals: 1–2–3–4–5–m6–6–m7–7–8
  Root, Major 2nd, Major 3rd, Perfect 4th, Perfect 5th, Minor 6th, Major 6th, Minor 7th, Major 7th, Octave

Pitches starting from C:
  C D E F G G♯ A A♯ B c
  C D E F G A♭ A B♭ B c

G cleffCDEFGG sharpAA sharpBCEnd of staff

G cleffCDEFGA flatAB flatBCEnd of staff

This scale is a mode (rotation) of these other scales:
  Mode 2 of: Kiourdi

The name I use for this scale comes from: Scala name

Scala name: Raga Pahadi

Piano Encyclopedia name: Raga Pahadi [Indian]

Scale Omnibus name: Raga Pahadi [India]

Blues Enneatonic II

Scale steps in semitones: 2–1–1–1–1–1–2–1–2

Scale degrees:
  in semitones: 0–2–3–4–5–6–7–9–10–12
  intervals: 1–2–m3–3–4–d5–5–6–m7–8
  Root, Major 2nd, Minor 3rd, Major 3rd, Perfect 4th, Diminished 5th, Perfect 5th, Major 6th, Minor 7th, Octave

Pitches starting from C:
  C D D♯ E F F♯ G A A♯ c
  C D E♭ E F G♭ G A B♭ c

G cleffCDD sharpEFF sharpGAA sharpCEnd of staff

G cleffCDE flatEFG flatGAB flatCEnd of staff

This scale is a mode (rotation) of these other scales:
  Mode 5 of: Chromatic Bebop
  Mode 7 of: Raga Pilu

The name I use for this scale comes from: Scala name

Scala name: Blues Enneatonic II

Piano Encyclopedia names: Blues Nine-Note [African]; Blues Enneatonic; Blues Nonatonic; Blues III; Nine-Note Blues

Scale Omnibus name: Blues Enneatonic 2

Kiourdi

Scale steps in semitones: 2–1–2–1–1–1–1–1–2

Scale degrees:
  in semitones: 0–2–3–5–6–7–8–9–10–12
  intervals: 1–2–m3–4–d5–5–m6–6–m7–8
  Root, Major 2nd, Minor 3rd, Perfect 4th, Diminished 5th, Perfect 5th, Minor 6th, Major 6th, Minor 7th, Octave

Pitches starting from C:
  C D D♯ F F♯ G G♯ A A♯ c
  C D E♭ F G♭ G A♭ A B♭ c

G cleffCDD sharpFF sharpGG sharpAA sharpCEnd of staff

G cleffCDE flatFG flatGA flatAB flatCEnd of staff

The name I use for this scale comes from: Scala name

Scala name: Kiourdi: Greece

Piano Encyclopedia name: Kiourdi Minor [Greek]

Scale Omnibus name: Kiourdi [Greece]

Chromatic Bebop

Scale steps in semitones: 1–1–2–1–2–2–1–1–1

Scale degrees:
  in semitones: 0–1–2–4–5–7–9–10–11–12
  intervals: 1–m2–2–3–4–5–6–m7–7–8
  Root, Minor 2nd, Major 2nd, Major 3rd, Perfect 4th, Perfect 5th, Major 6th, Minor 7th, Major 7th, Octave

Pitches starting from C:
  C C♯ D E F G A A♯ B c
  C D♭ D E F G A B♭ B c

G cleffCC sharpDEFGAA sharpBCEnd of staff

G cleffCD flatDEFGAB flatBCEnd of staff

This scale is a mode (rotation) of these other scales:
  Mode 3 of: Raga Pilu
  Mode 6 of: Blues Enneatonic II

The name I use for this scale comes from: Scala name

Scala name: Chromatic Bebop

Scale Omnibus name: Bebop Chromatic

Locrian/Aeolian Mixed

Scale steps in semitones: 1–1–1–2–1–1–1–2–2

Scale degrees:
  in semitones: 0–1–2–3–5–6–7–8–10–12
  intervals: 1–m2–2–m3–4–d5–5–m6–m7–8
  Root, Minor 2nd, Major 2nd, Minor 3rd, Perfect 4th, Diminished 5th, Perfect 5th, Minor 6th, Minor 7th, Octave

Pitches starting from C:
  C C♯ D D♯ F F♯ G G♯ A♯ c
  C D♭ D E♭ F G♭ G A♭ B♭ c

G cleffCC sharpDD sharpFF sharpGG sharpA sharpCEnd of staff

G cleffCD flatDE flatFG flatGA flatB flatCEnd of staff

This scale is a mode (rotation) of these other scales:
  Mode 4 of: Hanryo Hanritsu
  Mode 5 of: Chromatic/Diatonic Dorian Mixed
  Mode 8 of: Taishikicho

The name I use for this scale comes from: Scala name

Scala name: Locrian/Aeolian mixed

Genus Chromaticum

Scale steps in semitones: 1–2–1–1–2–1–1–2–1

Scale degrees:
  in semitones: 0–1–3–4–5–7–8–9–11–12
  intervals: 1–m2–m3–3–4–5–m6–6–7–8
  Root, Minor 2nd, Minor 3rd, Major 3rd, Perfect 4th, Perfect 5th, Minor 6th, Major 6th, Major 7th, Octave

Pitches starting from C:
  C C♯ D♯ E F G G♯ A B c
  C D♭ E♭ E F G A♭ A B c

G cleffCC sharpD sharpEFGG sharpABCEnd of staff

G cleffCD flatE flatEFGA flatABCEnd of staff

This scale is a mode (rotation) of these other scales:
  Mode 2 of: Messiaen Mode 3 Inverse
  Mode 3 of: Messiaen Mode 3
  Mode 4 of: Genus Chromaticum
  Mode 5 of: Messiaen Mode 3 Inverse
  Mode 6 of: Messiaen Mode 3
  Mode 7 of: Genus Chromaticum
  Mode 8 of: Messiaen Mode 3 Inverse

The name I use for this scale comes from: Scala name

Scala names: Genus chromaticum, Tcherepnin Nonatonic mode 1, Augmented-9

Piano Encyclopedia names: Genus chromaticum; Tcherepnin Nine-Note Mode I

Scale Omnibus names: Genus Chromaticum; Messiaen 3rd Mode Inverse; Tcherepnin

Moorish Phrygian

Scale steps in semitones: 1–2–1–1–2–1–2–1–1

Scale degrees:
  in semitones: 0–1–3–4–5–7–8–10–11–12
  intervals: 1–m2–m3–3–4–5–m6–m7–7–8
  Root, Minor 2nd, Minor 3rd, Major 3rd, Perfect 4th, Perfect 5th, Minor 6th, Minor 7th, Major 7th, Octave

Pitches starting from C:
  C C♯ D♯ E F G G♯ A♯ B c
  C D♭ E♭ E F G A♭ B♭ B c

G cleffCC sharpD sharpEFGG sharpA sharpBCEnd of staff

G cleffCD flatE flatEFGA flatB flatBCEnd of staff

The name I use for this scale comes from: Scala name

Scala name: Moorish Phrygian

Piano Encyclopedia name: Moorish Phrygian [Spanish]

Scale Omnibus name: Moorish Phrygian [Spain]

Youlan

Fingerings on Anasazi-7 tuned Native American flutes:

  Seven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed openSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed open openSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed open open openSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed open closed closed closedSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed open open open openSeven hole finger diagram closed closed open closed closed closed closedSeven hole finger diagram closed closed open open open open openSeven hole finger diagram open open open open open open openSeven hole finger diagram second octave half-closed closed closed closed closed closed closedSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed closedSeven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed open

Scale steps in semitones: 1–1–2–1–1–1–2–1–2

Scale degrees:
  in semitones: 0–1–2–4–5–6–7–9–10–12
  intervals: 1–m2–2–3–4–d5–5–6–m7–8
  Root, Minor 2nd, Major 2nd, Major 3rd, Perfect 4th, Diminished 5th, Perfect 5th, Major 6th, Minor 7th, Octave

Pitches starting from C:
  C C♯ D E F F♯ G A A♯ c
  C D♭ D E F G♭ G A B♭ c

G cleffCC sharpDEFF sharpGAA sharpCEnd of staff

G cleffCD flatDEFG flatGAB flatCEnd of staff

This scale is a mode (rotation) of these other scales:
  Mode 5 of: Chromatic/Permuted Diatonic Dorian Mixed

The name I use for this scale comes from: Scala name

Scala name: Youlan scale: China

Piano Encyclopedia name: Youlan [Chinese]

Scale Omnibus name: Youlan [China]

Chromatic/Diatonic Dorian Mixed

Scale steps in semitones: 1–1–1–2–2–1–1–1–2

Scale degrees:
  in semitones: 0–1–2–3–5–7–8–9–10–12
  intervals: 1–m2–2–m3–4–5–m6–6–m7–8
  Root, Minor 2nd, Major 2nd, Minor 3rd, Perfect 4th, Perfect 5th, Minor 6th, Major 6th, Minor 7th, Octave

Pitches starting from C:
  C C♯ D D♯ F G G♯ A A♯ c
  C D♭ D E♭ F G A♭ A B♭ c

G cleffCC sharpDD sharpFGG sharpAA sharpCEnd of staff

G cleffCD flatDE flatFGA flatAB flatCEnd of staff

This scale is a mode (rotation) of these other scales:
  Mode 4 of: Taishikicho
  Mode 5 of: Houseini
  Mode 6 of: Locrian/Aeolian Mixed

The name I use for this scale comes from: Scala name, abbreviated by Clint

Scala name: Chromatic and Diatonic Dorian mixed

Piano Encyclopedia name: Chromatic and Diatonic Dorian mixed

Scale Omnibus name: Chromatic Diatonic Dorian

Chromatic/Permuted Diatonic Dorian Mixed

Scale steps in semitones: 1–1–2–1–2–1–1–2–1

Scale degrees:
  in semitones: 0–1–2–4–5–7–8–9–11–12
  intervals: 1–m2–2–3–4–5–m6–6–7–8
  Root, Minor 2nd, Major 2nd, Major 3rd, Perfect 4th, Perfect 5th, Minor 6th, Major 6th, Major 7th, Octave

Pitches starting from C:
  C C♯ D E F G G♯ A B c
  C D♭ D E F G A♭ A B c

G cleffCC sharpDEFGG sharpABCEnd of staff

G cleffCD flatDEFGA flatABCEnd of staff

This scale is a mode (rotation) of these other scales:
  Mode 5 of: Nine Tone Scale
  Mode 6 of: Youlan

The name I use for this scale comes from: Scala name, abbreviated by Clint

Scala name: Chromatic and Permuted Diatonic Dorian mixed

Piano Encyclopedia name: Chromatic and Permuted Diatonic Dorian mixed

Scale Omnibus name: Chromatic Permutated Diatonic Dorian

Houseini

Scale steps in semitones: 2–1–1–1–2–1–1–1–2

Scale degrees:
  in semitones: 0–2–3–4–5–7–8–9–10–12
  intervals: 1–2–m3–3–4–5–m6–6–m7–8
  Root, Major 2nd, Minor 3rd, Major 3rd, Perfect 4th, Perfect 5th, Minor 6th, Major 6th, Minor 7th, Octave

Pitches starting from C:
  C D D♯ E F G G♯ A A♯ c
  C D E♭ E F G A♭ A B♭ c

G cleffCDD sharpEFGG sharpAA sharpCEnd of staff

G cleffCDE flatEFGA flatAB flatCEnd of staff

This scale is a mode (rotation) of these other scales:
  Mode 2 of: Locrian/Aeolian Mixed
  Mode 5 of: Hanryo Hanritsu
  Mode 6 of: Chromatic/Diatonic Dorian Mixed

The name I use for this scale comes from: Scala name

Scala names: Houseini: Greece, Modes of Major Pentatonic mixed

Piano Encyclopedia names: Houseini [Greek]; Modes of Major Pentatonic mixed

Scale Omnibus name: Houseini [Greece]

Taishikicho

Scale steps in semitones: 2–2–1–1–1–2–1–1–1

Scale degrees:
  in semitones: 0–2–4–5–6–7–9–10–11–12
  intervals: 1–2–3–4–d5–5–6–m7–7–8
  Root, Major 2nd, Major 3rd, Perfect 4th, Diminished 5th, Perfect 5th, Major 6th, Minor 7th, Major 7th, Octave

Pitches starting from C:
  C D E F F♯ G A A♯ B c
  C D E F G♭ G A B♭ B c

G cleffCDEFF sharpGAA sharpBCEnd of staff

G cleffCDEFG flatGAB flatBCEnd of staff

This scale is a mode (rotation) of these other scales:
  Mode 2 of: Houseini
  Mode 3 of: Locrian/Aeolian Mixed
  Mode 6 of: Hanryo Hanritsu
  Mode 7 of: Chromatic/Diatonic Dorian Mixed

The name I use for this scale comes from: ChordHouse

Scala names: Taishikicho: Japan, Ryo: Japan, Raga Chayanat, Lydian/Mixolydian mixed
ChordHouse name: Japanese (Taishikicho)

Piano Encyclopedia names: Lydian/Mixolydian mixed; Ryo; Taishikicho

Scale Omnibus names: Lydian Mixolydian; Ryo; Taishikicho

Blues VI

Fingerings on most contemporary six-hole pentatonic minor Native American flutes:

  Finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closedFinger diagram closed closed closed closed closed openFinger diagram closed closed closed closed open closedFinger diagram closed closed closed closed open openFinger diagram closed closed closed open closed openFinger diagram closed closed closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed open open open openFinger diagram closed open closed open open openFinger diagram open closed closed open open openFinger diagram open open closed open open open

Scale steps in semitones: 3–1–1–1–1–2–1–1–1

Scale degrees:
  in semitones: 0–3–4–5–6–7–9–10–11–12
  intervals: 1–m3–3–4–d5–5–6–m7–7–8
  Root, Minor 3rd, Major 3rd, Perfect 4th, Diminished 5th, Perfect 5th, Major 6th, Minor 7th, Major 7th, Octave

Pitches starting from C:
  C D♯ E F F♯ G A A♯ B c
  C E♭ E F G♭ G A B♭ B c

G cleffCD sharpEFF sharpGAA sharpBCEnd of staff

G cleffCE flatEFG flatGAB flatBCEnd of staff

The name I use for this scale comes from: Piano Encyclopedia / Simon Parker

Piano Encyclopedia name: Blues VI [African]

 
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To cite this page on Wikipedia: <ref name="Goss_2017_csc_9tone_12tet"> {{cite web |last=Goss |first=Clint |title=Comprehensive Scale Catalog: Nine-Tone Scales in Equal Temperament |url=http://www.Flutopedia.com/csc_9tone_12tet.htm |date=15 April 2017 |website=Flutopedia |access-date=<YOUR RETRIEVAL DATE> }}</ref>